The Difference Between by @johnrogersYams & Sweet Potatoes
Yam Sweet PotatoFrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia From Wikipedia, the free encyclopediaYam is the common name for some species in the genus Dioscorea (family The sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) is a dicotyledonous plant that belongs to the familyDioscoreaceae). These are perennialherbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of Convolvulaceae. Its large, starchy, sweet tasting tuberous roots are an important roottheir starchy tubers in Africa, Asia, Latin America andOceania. There are many cultivars of vegetable (Purseglove, 1991; Woolfe, 1992). The young leaves and shoots areyam. sometimes eaten as greens. Of the approximately 50 genera and more than 1,000 species of Convolvulaceae, I. batatas is the only crop plant of major importance – someThe sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas) has traditionally been referred to as a yam in parts of others are used locally, but many are actually poisonous.the United States and Canada, but it is not part of the Dioscoreaceae family. The sweet potato is only distantly related to the potato (Solanum tuberosum). The softer,Although it is unclear which came first, the word yam is related to Portuguese inhame or orange variety is often called a yam in parts of North America, a practice intended toSpanish ñame, which both ultimately derive from the Wolof word nyam, meaning "to differentiate it from the firmer, white variety. The sweet potato is botanically very distinctsample" or "taste"; in other African languages it can also mean "to eat", e.g. yamyam and from the other vegetable called a yam, which is native to Africa and Asia and belongs todoya in Hausa or "to chew" in Dholuo language of the Luo of Kenya and Northern the monocot family Dioscoreaceae. To prevent confusion, the United States DepartmentTanzania. of Agriculture requires that sweet potatoes labeled as "yams" also be labeled as "sweetThere are over 100 ethnic groups and languages in Nigeria, and each has different potatoes".language names for Yam, "Isu" is the Yoruba translation or "Iyan" when it has been The genus Ipomoea that contains the sweet potato also includes several garden flowersprepared to be consumed as a main course for dinner. The yam is a versatile vegetable called morning glories, though that term is not usually extended to Ipomoea batatas.which has various derivative products after process, it can be barbecued; roasted;fried; Some cultivars of Ipomoea batatas are grown as ornamental plants; the name "tuberousgrilled; boiled; smoked and when grated it is processed into a dessert recipe. Yams are morning glory" may be used in a horticultural context.the staple crop of theIgbo people of Nigeria, in their language it is known as ji, and theycommemorate it by having yam festivals known as Iri-ji or Iwa-Ji depending on the dialect. This plant is a herbaceous perennial vine, bearing alternate heart-shaped or palmately lobed leaves and medium-sized sympetalous flowers. The edible tuberous root is long andYam tubers can grow up to 2.5 m (8.2 ft) in length and weigh up to 70 kg (154 lb). tapered, with a smooth skin whose colour ranges between red, purple, brown and white.The vegetable has a rough skin which is difficult to peel, but which softens after heating. Its flesh ranges from white through yellow, orange, and purple.The skins vary in color from dark brown to light pink. The majority of the vegetable iscomposed of a much softer substance known as the "meat". This substance ranges incolor from white or yellow to purple or pink in ripe yams.Yams are a primary agricultural commodity in West Africa and New Guinea. They werefirst cultivated in Africa and Asia about 8000 B.C. Due to their abundanceand consequently, their importance to survival, the yam was highly regarded in Nigerianceremonial culture and used as a vegetable offered during blessings.Yams are still important for survival in these regions. The tubers can be stored up to sixmonths without refrigeration, which makes them a valuable resource for the yearly periodof food scarcity at the beginning of the wet season.