Religion/Beliefs <ul><li>Alchemy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Great Chain of Being </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reformation </li></ul><ul><li>- Protestant/Catholic </li></ul><ul><li>Individualism </li></ul><ul><li>-Be yourself – you can shape your own destiny </li></ul><ul><li>Humanism-Humans are the center - of the universe and the "measure of all things." </li></ul>
Values <ul><li>Associated themselves with the values of “classical antiquity”, particularly as expressed in the newly rediscovered classics of literature, history and moral philosophy. </li></ul>
Great Chain <ul><li>Everything existing within the universe has it’s place in a divinely planned hierarchy. </li></ul><ul><li>It is based on a scaled “Spirit : Mass” ratio. Body consists of 4 substances, called “Humoors” </li></ul>
Political and Social Reforms <ul><li>Feudalism ends, and a central form of Government arises </li></ul><ul><li>England and France sees a rise of national monarchies, while Italy sees a rise of city-states, headed by wealthy oligarchic families </li></ul><ul><li>A shift from “contemplative” to “active” living. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvement in public life, in moral/political/military actions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal and Intellectual aspirations arise </li></ul></ul>
Actor Movements <ul><li>As you can see from the costumes, there was very little room for realistic movements. This led to broader extensions of an actor’s arm, and very exaggerated gestures. </li></ul>
A Look Into The Elizabethan Era: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7qbBVbktxjg
<ul><li>The Globe was built in a similar style to the Coliseum, but on a smaller scale - other Elizabethan Theatres followed this style of architecture which were called amphitheatres. </li></ul><ul><li>The motto of the Globe theatre was "Totus mundus agit histrionem" ( the whole world is a playhouse ). The phrase was slightly re-worded in the William Shakespeare play As You Like It - "All the world’s a stage" which was performed at the Globe Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>Different colored flags were used to advertise the themes of plays which were to be performed at the Globe Theatre. A black flag indicated a tragedy, a white flag indicated a comedy and a red flag indicated a History </li></ul><ul><li>The Globe Theatre was demolished by the Puritans. On 15th April 1644 landowner Sir Matthew Brend demolished the playhouse and built tenement houses on the site </li></ul>The Globe Theatre (Cont.)
Other Theatres Black Friars The Rose The Red Bull The Swan The Fortune
Theater Conventions <ul><li>Two major theater design innovations came during the Renaissance in Italy: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the proscenium arch that frames and divides the stage from the audience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the art of painting cloths as backdrops for scenery </li></ul></ul>
<ul><li>Another major introduction/continuation was the commedia dell’ arte, which means comedy of the profession. It was an improvised, quick-witted performance by wandering players. They wore masks to portray a regular cast of characters and made up their lines as they went along. The daughters and wives of the players were some of the first women to perform in theater. </li></ul>Theater Conventions
<ul><li>Dance played a vital role in Renaissance theater. In Italy, troupes of Commedia dell' Arte performers relied on songs and dances to break up the action of their improvised comedies. </li></ul><ul><li>Dances and musical interludes became a feature of the intermissions of the early professional theaters common in Europe's largest cities during the sixteenth century. </li></ul><ul><li>The surviving sources, though, give little information about the kinds of dances that were performed in these circumstances. </li></ul><ul><li>In aristocratic society, by contrast, dance flourished as an important component of court spectacles and was well recorded in the documents of the period. </li></ul>Theater Conventions
<ul><li>Madrigals: Secular (Church) Music http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ctci_zhGhvY </li></ul><ul><li>Dance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=45PBlB-nrH4 </li></ul></ul>Music And Dance
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