EBI-1 Biblical Archaeology

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Everything happened somewhere (that is Geography), and sometime (that is History); and when you combine those two ideas into the Land of the Book you get Biblical Archaeology (finding remains of where things happened and when).

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EBI-1 Biblical Archaeology

  1. 1. BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY Elements of Biblical Interpretation
  2. 2. BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY• The Bible’s History is inspired, so it is the key to piecing together archaeological findings (maximalist view vs. Minimalist view).• We piece together findings from archaeology, and then interpret them according to the eyewitness account God has given us.• Only the Bible has an unchanging account of history past, present, and future.
  3. 3. • Everything happened somewhere (that is Geography), and sometime (that is History); and when you combine those two ideas into the Land of the Book you get Biblical Archaeology (finding remains of where things happened and when).• ToGod the single most important geographic location on Earth is where Christ was Dedicated by His parents, where He taught many of His key teachings, where He was Tried, Condemned, Crucified & Buried, where He Rose, where He Ascended, where His Church was born, and where He will Return at His Second Coming.• That location for those seven key events to God, is Jerusalem.
  4. 4. • So, tounderstand Biblical Archaeology: all of the Land of the Book, and especially Jerusalem, are very important.• To explain simple Biblical Archaeology, we would take the Scriptures and apply the historical framework Gods Word presents, and sort all of the various archaeological remains into their Biblical Context.• To use Jerusalem as an example, the surface of the ground would be the present and then the deeper you go, the more levels of past Biblical History you would pass through.• If we were to show Jerusalem’s layers by recognized secular time periods it would look like this:
  5. 5. State  of  Israel  1948-­‐present:  prophecy  ful,illed British  1917-­‐1947  AD:      Post-­‐WWI    Occupation Ottoman  1517-­‐1917  AD:      Turkish  Empire Mamluk  1250-­‐1517  AD:  Renaissance  to  Reformation Crusader  1099-­‐1250  AD:  Crusades  to  Renaissance Arab  Muslim  638-­‐1099  AD:  Dark  Ages,  rise  of  RCC Byzantine  324-­‐638  AD:  monastic  period,  Church  Councils Roman,  Late  200-­‐324  AD:    Persecution,  church  growth Roman,  Middle  70-­‐200  AD:    Jerusalem’s  fall,  Post-­‐Apostolic  Fathers Roman,  Early  63  BC-­‐70  AD:  N.T.  events,  early  church,  Epistles     Hasmonean  141-­‐63  BC:  Maccabeans  to  Pompey Hellenistic  332-­‐141  BC:  Alexander’s  Four  Generals Persian  539-­‐332  BC:  Daniel,  Ezra,  Alexander  the  Great Iron  Age  1200-­‐539  BC:  Samuel,  Saul,  David  to  Daniel Bronze  Age,  Late  1550-­‐1200  BC:  Bondage,  Moses,  Exodus,  Judges Bronze  Age,  Middle  2000-­‐1550  BC:  Patriarchs  to  Bondage  in  Egypt Bronze  Age,  Early  3300-­‐2000  BC:  Abraham  visited  JerusalemThe  Global  Cataclysmic  Flood  transformed  every  part  of  the  surface  of  the  Earth.   Pre-­‐Flood  World:   Secular  terms  (Chalcolithic  4500-­‐3300  BC  &  Neolilthic  8500-­‐4500  BC)
  6. 6. BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY HELPS US SEE THE PAST• God’s Word describes 2,938 people;• God’s Word describes hundreds of places; and• God’s Word describes countless events. are SEEN more clearly, and the implications of what happened are clearer when• All seen through the lens of Biblical Archaeology.
  7. 7. ANCIENT TRADE ROUTES
  8. 8. ISRAEL:JUDGES TOSAMUEL
  9. 9. ISRAEL: SAUL TODAVID
  10. 10. ISRAEL:830BC
  11. 11. HIGH PLACES: GESHUR GALILEE
  12. 12. PAUL’SCONVERSION ACTS 9:11
  13. 13. STREET CALLED STRAIGHT?• What would that mean, if anything? Without digging down to that time we’d not really know.• It was the Main Street of the Roman World.• Every city had one.• They were the main north-south axis.• They were called the Cardo (Greek for “heart”)
  14. 14. Gerasa Mt. 8:28
  15. 15. Gerasa ruins from south
  16. 16. Gerasa oval plaza panorama
  17. 17. Gerasa oval plaza
  18. 18. Gerasa oval plaza columns
  19. 19. Gerasa Cardo
  20. 20. Gerasa entrance to Temple of Artemis
  21. 21. Gerasa western baths
  22. 22. Beth Shean Mt. 4:25
  23. 23. Beth Shean aerial from southwest
  24. 24. Beth Shean aerial from northeast
  25. 25. Palladius Street at Beth Shean
  26. 26. Roman ruins at Beth Shean
  27. 27. Beth Shean amphitheater
  28. 28. Medeba Map
  29. 29. MADABA, JORDAN
  30. 30. Medeba map, Jerusalem
  31. 31. Medeba map, north of Jerusalem
  32. 32. Medeba Map, southwest of Jerusalem
  33. 33. JERUSALEM:BYZANTINE PERIOD
  34. 34. JEWISH QUARTER MT. 8:20
  35. 35. Tanners Gate and Valley Cardo at night
  36. 36. Cardo looking southwest Cardo looking southwest
  37. 37. Cardo from south Cardo from south
  38. 38. Cardo from north Cardo from north
  39. 39. Cardo shopping area from south Cardo shopping area from south
  40. 40. JERUSALEM HOUSE
  41. 41. PAUL AT THESSALONICA• Acts 16:22-24 Paul beaten with rods• Acts 16:40 Paul starts walking• Acts 17:1 Paul walks 97 miles to Thessalonica• 1 Th. 21-4 Paul defends his reliability
  42. 42. Beth Shean aerial from northeast
  43. 43. Palladius Street at Beth Shean
  44. 44. Roman ruins at Beth Shean
  45. 45. CITY OF DAVID FINDS• Azaliah son of Meshullam, scribe in the Temple in Jerusalem: Mentioned in 2 Kings 22:3 and 2 Chronicles 34:8. A bulla reading "belonging to Azaliabu son of Meshullam." is likely to be his, according to archaeologist Nahman Avigad.[76]• Gedaliah son of Pashhur, an opponent of Jeremiah. A bulla bearing his name was found in the City of David [82]• Gemariah, son of Shaphan the scribe. A bulla was found with the text "To Gemaryahu ben Shaphan". This may have been the same person as "Gemariah son of Shaphan the scribe" mentioned in Jeremiah 36:10,12.[83]
  46. 46. OLD CITY JERUSALEM
  47. 47. HazorJoshua 11:1-11
  48. 48. Hazor upper city aerial from west
  49. 49. Hazor upper city aerial from west
  50. 50. Hazor Solomonic gate
  51. 51. JERUSALEM: BETHESDA

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