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OSHA Most Cited Construction Standards FY12
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OSHA Most Cited Construction Standards FY12



This is the top ten most cited construction standards from FY 2012.

This is the top ten most cited construction standards from FY 2012.



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OSHA Most Cited Construction Standards FY12 OSHA Most Cited Construction Standards FY12 Presentation Transcript

  • Most Frequently Cited OSHAConstruction StandardsFederal OSHA – FY 2012John A NewquistFacebookLinked InTwitterSlideshare
  • #1 1926.501 (b)(13)• Most the falls arethose with no fallarrest• Workers can slip onshingle or felt to startslipping• Most are roof falls inresidentialNo fall arrest protectionused
  • Part 1 Directive• Effective June 16, 2011• OSHA has issued a directive rescinding the Interim Fall ProtectionCompliance Guidelines for Residential Construction (STD 03-00-001)• OSHA Extends Residential enforcement. Note: OSHAs policy doesNOT give builders a reprieve from new, more stringent fallprotection regulations.• First, the regulation hasnt changed; the old 1994 regulation is justbeing enforced. Second, there is no reprieve. Those requirementshave been in effect for over a year. Penalties are lower and morecompliance assistance is offered, but builders and roofers arerequired to comply with the new requirements.http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owadisp.show_document?p_table=NEW
  • What is Residential?• The end-use is to havepeople live in as theirhome, i.e., adwelling/apartmentAND• The structure being builtmust be constructedusing traditional woodframe constructionmaterials and methods.– Metal Studs– Masonry
  • Residential? NO! (most instances)• Churches• Nursing Homes• Banks• HotelsNursing HomesHotelsBanks
  • Fall Protection Plan• 1926.502(k)• See Appendix E inOSHA Subpart M• ANSI Z359.2 –MinimumRequirements for aComprehensiveManaged FallProtection Program
  • Fall Protection Program• Written Plan showing fall arrest is notfeasible• Plan must be specific to the site it is usedon• Can be used for repetitive use for aparticular style/model house if ALL issuesrelated to fall protection are addressed
  • #2 1926.503(a)(1)• No fall protectiontraining program• This is a programrequirement to trainworkers in thehazards of falls.• Many use job safetyanalysis to determinepotential hazardsfaced in construction.
  • #3 1926.501(b)(1)• Open-sided floorsover six feet withoutfall protection.• No guardrails on thiscommercial building.• Found quite a bit atelevator shafts, andstairwells also.
  • #4 1926.1053(b)(1)• Ladder not extendingover the edge 3 feet
  • #5 1926.102(a)(1)• 1926.102(a)(1) –eye/face protection• Grinding, Chemicals,Sparks, and any otherflying object hazard
  • #6 1926.100(a)• No Hard Hats• When working aroundthe bucket of a backhoe, hard hats shouldbe worn.
  • #7 1926.501(b)(10)• Fall protection not usedon low sloped roofs• Guardrails and Fall arrestcan be put on roofs.• 1926.501(b)(10) permitsthe use of warning linesand safety monitoringsystems during theperformance of roofingwork on low-sloped roofs(least desirable option).
  • #8 1926.451 (g)(1)• No guard rails onscaffolds.• Often ends are notprotected.• The cross bracingmay serve as ONE ofthe rails only if itmeets certain heightcriteria.
  • #9 1926.20(b)(2)• No inspection ofworksite by acompetent person• Workers are neverto allowed to ridethe forks of a roughterrain forklift.
  • #10 1926.453(b)(2)(v)• No Fall Protection inaerial lifts.• Worker in photo iswearing a full bodyharness for fall arrest.• Nearly 400 aerial liftdeaths since 2000.• Users need a PAL’scard or specific handson user training.
  • Develop Safety Rules• Follow Aerial Lift Manufacturer’sinstructions. Use ANSI A92 standards onaerial lifts if you cannot get them.• Follow Warning Labels.• Only trained personnel can operate thelifts.• A trained person must inspect themachine before each shift.• And many more!
  • Aerial Lift Training• Hands on training isnecessary. An aerial liftis not a car.• The worker should beable to demonstrate allpredicted uses of the liftand compliance withmanufacturersinstructions.• Always close lift platformchains or door. (This isalways required).• Many fatal falls are undersix feet.
  • Aerial Lift Training• The worker must knowwhere to attach thesnaphook for any aeriallift that has an OSHArated anchorage.• He is wearing a full bodyharness for fall arrest.• Guardrails are not meantto be used as anchorageson an aerial lift.• The manufacturer’smanual will designate theproper anchorage points.
  • Aerial Lift Training• National Training guidelines• International Powered Access Federation(IPAF) www.ipaf.org• "Spot the Mistake" video• Promotes safe and effective of product• 15 training centers/companies in the US.• Successful trainees are awarded the PALCard (Powered Access License) as proofof training
  • Bubbling Under the Top Ten• 1926.652(a)(1) – cave-inprotection• 1926.451(e)(1) – Unsafescaffold access• 1926.501(b)(11) – No fallarrest on steep roofs• 1926.451(b)(1) – Scaffoldneeded stable footing• 1926.20(b)(1) – noaccident preventionprogram
  • Thanks• To Kenny for all his help.• My email is johnanewquist@gmail.com• www.buildsafe.org is a nonprofit where Iteach many classes.• Follow me on Facebook where I posteveryday on OSHA and safety.