What is the Bible?The Bible is not a book for the faint of heart- it is a book full of all the greed and gloryand violence and tenderness and sex andbetrayal that benefits mankind. It is not thecollection of pretty little anecdotes mouthedby pious little church mice - it does not somuch nibble at our shoe leather as it cuts tothe heart and splits the marrow from thebone. It does not give us answers fitted toour small-minded questions, but truth thatgoes beyond what we can even know to ask. from Thoughts and Reflections by Rich Mullins
What is the Bible?• A working definition: A collection of writings containing the record and revelation of God’s interaction with man.
… of God’s interaction with man.• Actual people• Actual places• Actual problems• Actual encounters• Actually God
New TestamentBook Date Book DateJames 45-49 Philippians 63Galatians 49 Philemon 63-64Thessalonians 51 1 Peter 63-66Mark 50-60 1 Timothy 63-66Matthew 50-60 Titus 64-68Corinthians 55-58 Hebrews 66Romans 60 2 Peter 67Luke 61 2 Timothy 68-80Acts 61 Jude 85-90Colossians 61 John 85-90Ephesians 61 1,2,3 John 90-95 Revelation
Early Church Fathers• Clement of Rome (95-97)• Polycarp (110-135)• Justin Martyr (165)• Ireanaeus (130-202)• Clement of Alexandria (150-215)• Jerome (340-420)• Augustine (354-430)
MARTIN LUTHER• Augustinian monk• Ninety-Five Theses (1517)• Translated Bible into German• Study Notes
William Tyndale• English Scholar (1517-1521)• Translated the Bible into English• Directly from Hebrew and Greek Texts• Introduced New Words in English – Jehovah – Passover – Scapegoat• Made popular - Atonement
Biblical Criticism• Scientific approach to the Bible• Divided into two approaches – Higher Criticism – composition and history – Lower Criticism (literary) – original or “correct” readings
Biblical Criticism• Old Testament – Masoretic Text – Hebrew Text – 7-10 AD – Septuagint – Greek OT – 3 BC• New Testament – Vulgate – Latin Translation of Bible – 4 AD – Papyri – Codices – Minuscule – Byzantine Lectionaries
Summary• The Bible is a collection of writings containing the record and revelation of God’s interaction with man.• We can trust God and His revelation.