Energy Storage and the Smart Grid TiE Oregon Clean Energy Special Interest Group100421


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Energy storage is increasingly perceived as a necessary and vital component of any future smart grid, yet meaningful energy storage is still a scarce and missing component.
The discussion on April 21st will focus on:
• Value chain elements of the energy storage industry
• Who are local champions of energy storage
• What are the interests of the investment community
• What does the policy and regulatory framework look like
• How do customers value energy storage
Join our panel to better understand the technologies, trade-offs, market segments and future potential of energy storage.

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  • Energy storage is becoming a hot topic, showing up everywhere….. Utility trade magazines: Electric Light and Power, March/April 2010 All Together Now--The Electric Utility, Consumers and Community Energy Storage Energy Storage Solving Power Quality Problems Workshops: ARPA-E Grid Scale Energy Storage - Oct. 4, 2009 - Seattle, WA ARPA-E Electrical Energy Storage for Vehicles - Nov. 3, 2009 - Arlington, VA Funding Opportunities, ARPA-E: Grid-Scale Rampable Intermittent Dispatchable Storage (GRIDS) Batteries for Electrical Energy Storage in Transportation (BEEST) Funding Opportunities - other Analyst Reports Conferences - Technical Energy Storage Association – 20 th Annual Meeting May 4-6th Conferences - Commercial Charged2020: The Global Energy Storage Forum Driving sustainable innovation along the energy storage and smart-grid value chain 30 June - 1 July 2010, University of San Diego, USA Hear experts speak on: Developing cutting-edge energy storage and smart grid innovations Designing high-performance energy storage technologies that are safe, low-cost and reliable Establishing successful strategies for the commercialization of energy storage and smart grid technologies Enhancing battery innovation through successful value chain integration and collaboration Meeting the challenges of new standards, market discontinuities and regulation Aligning smart grid and battery R&D to the marketplace to attract venture capital and government funding Energy Storage – hype or reality?
  • Energy storage applications across the electrical value chain Running from a continuum of centralized to decentralized – energy storage can play a role in various places in the value chain. However the needs and requirements vary considerably: Centralized – large scale generation/storage semi-centralized storage Community Energy Storage Decentralized storage or distributed storage. Differing segments for energy storage, varies across the system with differing needs. Considering the larger category of distributed energy resources, the system is getting much more complicated with the inclusion of distributed generation, demand response / demand management, etc. along with energy storage.
  • Market forces affecting energy storage with varying short-term, medium-term and long-term impacts: Drivers: Smart Grid development Rising share of renewable energy Cost effectiveness for solving peak power or load levelling issues Intermittent nature of renewable energy Deferment of expensive grid upgrades Solves the issue of accurate demand-supply forecast Constraints: High cost of energy storage Economic downturn affecting investment in R&D and commercialization timeline Rise in cost of renewable electricity to customers
  • Our electrical system is in the midst of major changes with increasing renewable energy on the system As we move from low penetration of renewables today, ~3%, to higher penetration being driven by RPS there are becoming issues because of variability and intermittency . The issue is that power generation from wind and solar resources introduces a new set of technical challenges. The challenge to any commercial electricity producer is the requirement to meet current demand because it is difficult and expensive to store electricity. The most desirable situation for an electricity generator is to supply energy at a constant rate. Reality, however, requires utilities to respond to rapid changes in demand, and they need reserves to meet demand increases. With cost effective energy storage, it makes the system much easier to operate. Confidential & Proprietary
  • Energy Storage and the Smart Grid TiE Oregon Clean Energy Special Interest Group100421

    1. 1. Energy Storage and the Smart Grid TiE - Oregon (The Indus Entrepreneurs) Clean Energy Special Interest Group John A. Thornton CleanFuture [email_address] Portland, Oregon USA April 21, 2010
    2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>John Thornton </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CleanFuture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dylan Steeg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intel Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marcus Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stoel Rives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dan Nicollet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supercritical Storage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Panel Discussion and Questions </li></ul>Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    3. 3. Energy Storage….. Oregon TiE - Smart Grid Presentation by Roger Hicks Moving from obscure to mainstream (?)
    4. 4. Energy Storage Applications Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    5. 5. Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    6. 6. <ul><li>Electricity – Growing Greener: </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) </li></ul>Source: Pew Center for Global Climate Change (September 2008) WA: 15% by 2020 OR: 25% by 2025 NV: 20% by 2015 CA: 20% by 2010 AZ: 20% by 2010 MT: 15% by 2015 NM: 20% by 2020 TX: 5,880 MW by 2020 ME… 30% 2000 NH… 25% 2025 VT…. 25% 2025 MA.…15% 2020 RI..… 16% 2020 CT.… 20% 2020 NY.… 25% 2013 NJ.. 22.5% 2021 PA.. 18.5% 2020 DE…. 20% 2019 MD.… 20% 2022 OH.… 25% 2026 NC.. 12.5% 2021 Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    7. 7. Panel <ul><li>Dylan Steeg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intel Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marcus Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stoel Rives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dan Nicollet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supercritical Storage </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Energy Storage for the Smart Grid Dylan Steeg Intel Capital TiE Oregon April 21, 2010
    9. 9. Energy Storage Market Size Expectations GTM, 3/10
    10. 10. The Beauty of Clean Wind Energy Tehachapi wind farm, California Comes With New Grid Management Issues The only way to turn volatile, mis-timed wind into reliable power is with storage. Image source: Wikipedia
    11. 11. Other Applications Addressable With Cost Effective Storage -Time shifting energy contribution to grid from night to afternoon. -Establishing a buffer of energy to leverage during periods of grid issues: -generation failure -demand spikes -balancing normal supply/demand fluctuations and imbalances -Taking advantage of new real time pricing schemes. -allows for arbitrage driven compensation. -Providing additional capability & flexibility to emerging micro-grids.
    12. 12. So Which Technology Will Win?
    13. 13. So Which Technology Will Win? -The right question might be: What is the optimal technology for a particular application in a particular region? -E.g. the solution for time shifting wind energy may be entirely different from that for reserves & regulation services. -We are spending time understanding particular applications, customer needs, and solutions best suited for the customers applications. -In addition to storage media technologies, we are also very interested in: -the necessary controls systems to manage the storage, and -service models that leverage the new infrastructure
    14. 15. Panel <ul><li>Dylan Steeg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intel Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marcus Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stoel Rives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dan Nicollet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supercritical Storage </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. Energy Storage for Intermittent Generation Presentation to TiE Clean Energy Special Interest Group by: Marcus Wood Stoel Rives LLP April 21, 2010
    16. 17. Who Is the Customer? <ul><li>The answer turns on the type of storage service and the regulatory market design. The customer could be </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A generation owner </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A retail electric utility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A regional transmission organization </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A retail electric customer </li></ul></ul>
    17. 18. What Is the Storage Need?
    18. 19. What Is the Storage Need?
    19. 20. What Is the Storage Need?
    20. 21. What Is the Storage Need?
    21. 22. Transmission Needs Northwest Transmission Cut Planes
    22. 23. To order any of these books, please contact: Marcus Wood * (503) 294-9434 * *
    23. 24. Panel <ul><li>Dylan Steeg </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intel Capital </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Marcus Wood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stoel Rives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dan Nicollet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supercritical Storage </li></ul></ul>
    24. 25. Supercritical Storage
    25. 26. Supercritical Storage <ul><li>OR Smart Grid Startup Project (with co-founders T. Barquinero, L. Nevitt) </li></ul><ul><li>Initial storage focus leads to service models </li></ul><ul><li>Preston Carter - Supercritical CO2 thermodynamics IP for propulsion ( applicable to storage and generation) </li></ul><ul><li>Vetting of storage technology leads to generation. </li></ul>
    26. 27. Lessons learned <ul><li>Storage and Generation: complementary? </li></ul><ul><li>Are the largest grid storage opportunities technology (IP) centric? Or service centric? </li></ul><ul><li>Size of the storage market. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the customer for grid storage applications? </li></ul>
    27. 28. Panel Discussion <ul><li>Questions </li></ul>Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    28. 29. Thank You <ul><li>Contact me if you want to know more about Energy Storage / Smart Grid opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>503-806-1760 </li></ul>Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    29. 30. Backup Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    30. 31. Energy Storage Technologies (Technology Specific) System Power Rating 1 kW 10 kW 100 kW 1MW 10 MW 100 MW 1GW seconds hours minutes Discharge Time Power Quality, Bridging Power & Distributed Storage Energy Management SMES Low-Speed Flywheels Lead Acid Batteries Flow Batteries Sodium Sulfur Batteries Compressed Air Pumped Hydro System Power Rating High Power Supercaps Ni-Cd Batteries Li-ion Batteries High-Speed Flywheels Metal Air Batteries Infrequent short duration demand Adapted from ORNL Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    31. 32. It’s Complex PHEV Energy Storage Technologies (Application Specific) Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    32. 33. Capital costs of energy storage systems Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    33. 34. Locational Value of Energy Storage Source: American Electric Power (AEP) and Electric Storage Association (ESA) Energy Storage and the Smart Grid - TiE Oregon : April 21, 2010 John Thornton –
    34. 35. <ul><li>Provider of Zn-Br flow batteries for power back-up and time-shifting in commercial buildings and regulation in sub-stations, based in Beijing </li></ul><ul><li>Targeting ~1 MWh capacity at sub-$50/KWh, vs competition above $100/KWh; other capacities also in development. </li></ul><ul><li>Supports Intel’s interest in deployment of intermittent renewable energy sources and alternative back-up power for data centers </li></ul> Prototype 2Q ’08 ~2m x 2m x 2 m
    35. 36. Available Technologies Span a Range