The Role of Social Capital in theAdoption of Conservation Agriculture:    The Case of likoti in Lesotho Laura Silici, Theo...
Outline• Lesotho: socio-economic and environmental constraints• The practice of Likoti• Materials and methods: source of t...
Lesotho: Country Overview•     High unemployment•     Internal and external migrations•     High rate of HIV/AIDS•     Ext...
The Practice of Likoti
Materials and Methods: Source of the Data•   Two stratified sample populations of farmers (117 CA + 112    conventional) i...
Results and Discussion: Impacts on    Sustainable Crop Intensification• Higher agricultural productivity, due to improved ...
Results and Discussion: Determinants of the         Adoption of CA in Lesotho• Degree of trust and cooperation, especially...
Conditional dependence among social capital and CA variables, adopter sub-sample                                          ...
Conditional dependence among social capital and CA variables, evidence in the Location node                (Lowland sites:...
Conditional dependence among social capital and CA variables, evidence in the Location node                (Mountain sites...
Conclusions and Policy Implications• Social capital plays a significant role in the adoption and the  performance of susta...
Thank you! Laura Silici l.silici@btinternet.comAmir Kassam kassamamir@aol.com
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The role of social capital in the adoption of CA: the case of Likoti in Lesotho. Amir Kassam

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A presentation made at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane, Australia.

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The role of social capital in the adoption of CA: the case of Likoti in Lesotho. Amir Kassam

  1. 1. The Role of Social Capital in theAdoption of Conservation Agriculture: The Case of likoti in Lesotho Laura Silici, Theodor Friedrich and Amir Kassam 5th World Congress of Conservation Agricultureincorporating 3rd Farming Systems Design Conference, 26- 29 September 2011 Brisbane, Australia
  2. 2. Outline• Lesotho: socio-economic and environmental constraints• The practice of Likoti• Materials and methods: source of the data, variables and statistical tools (Bayesian Networks)• Results and discussion: impacts on sustainable crop intensification• Results and discussion: the role of social capital and the importance of participatory training• Conclusions and policy implications
  3. 3. Lesotho: Country Overview• High unemployment• Internal and external migrations• High rate of HIV/AIDS• Extensive land degradation• Low agricultural productivity• Recurrent food crisis Depleting social capital Reduced livelihood base (including farming) and high vulnerability
  4. 4. The Practice of Likoti
  5. 5. Materials and Methods: Source of the Data• Two stratified sample populations of farmers (117 CA + 112 conventional) interviewed on socio-demographic features, food security status, wealth, social capital and community organization, farming and agricultural production• Workshops and open interviews with key informants• 123 composite soil samples tested for soil fertility and soil texture• Yields recorded from a sub-sample of farmers
  6. 6. Results and Discussion: Impacts on Sustainable Crop Intensification• Higher agricultural productivity, due to improved efficiency in the use of inputs and other resources• Greater environmental sustainability due to improved soil structure and enhanced fertility• Higher social sustainability • Accessibility to the technology by all social categories, including the most vulnerable • Improved food security status
  7. 7. Results and Discussion: Determinants of the Adoption of CA in Lesotho• Degree of trust and cooperation, especially when combined with a participatory approach pursued by committed trainers• Economic incentives provided to vulnerable households in the very early stages of adoption• Literacy and education (especially relevant in case of female adopters)
  8. 8. Conditional dependence among social capital and CA variables, adopter sub-sample SOCIAL CAPITAL ADOPTION OF CA SOCIO- ECONOMIC
  9. 9. Conditional dependence among social capital and CA variables, evidence in the Location node (Lowland sites: poor participation  lower CA knowledge)
  10. 10. Conditional dependence among social capital and CA variables, evidence in the Location node (Mountain sites: high participation  better CA knowledge)
  11. 11. Conclusions and Policy Implications• Social capital plays a significant role in the adoption and the performance of sustainable agricultural practices• But... how “to invest” in social capital? – The choice of the most appropriate technology critically depends on the preliminary assessment of social capital dimensions – Social capital ‘enabling factors’ (e.g. education, capable agency of committed leaders, meso-institutions) can be consistently included in policy interventions
  12. 12. Thank you! Laura Silici l.silici@btinternet.comAmir Kassam kassamamir@aol.com

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