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Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta
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Sustainable intensification of maize legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa. SIMLESA. Mekuria Mulugetta

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A presentation made at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane, Australia.

A presentation made at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane, Australia.

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  • 400 million people70% depend on agricultureMaize yields around 1t/haAverage fertiliser use 10kg/haMaize demand increases 3–4% annually
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    • 1. Sustainable Intensification of Maize Legume cropping systems for food security in Eastern and Southern Africa SIMLESAGeographic focusEthiopia The Why, How and WhereKenyaMalawi Mulugetta Mekuria; Prasanna B,Mozambique Rodriguez D , Shiferaw B, Wall P,South Africa Dixon J,Dimes J, Potgieter ATanzania
    • 2. Problem settingWhy SIMLESA and Origins of Program idea• Persistent hunger & poverty in east and southern Africa * droughts and famine * food (price) crisis …. which persists * global financial crisis (GFC)• History of Australian contributions to food security since the middle of the last century: * establishment of FAO; and ongoing support * establishment of CGIAR; and ongoing support• Current widespread concerns in Australia over negative effects of food price crisis on hunger and poverty * initial contributions through multilateral institutions• During 2008 additional budget allocations sought forspecific food security programs in Asia and Africa (including one part focused on maize-legume systems
    • 3. http://apsrunet.apsim.info/simlesa/Clusters of food insecuritySIMLESA Countries Why are we where we are? Low productivity of maize-legume cropping systems Lack of functioning input and output value chains Poor availability of improved seeds Scarce agricultural research capacity Potgieter, Davis and Rodriguez, 2010
    • 4. Dual Challenge to SSATo double food production, and significantly increase incomes and livelihood opportunities, while• Ensuring resilience and sustainability of farming systems on essentially the same land area,• Adapting to climate change and the increases in costs of fertilizer, water, and labor. SIMLESA goes right to the heart of this challenge
    • 5. SIMLESA aims at increasing farm-household food security andproductivity, in the context of climate risk and change, throughthe development of more resilient, profitable and sustainable maize-legume farming systems Socio-economic More productive, Improved range of characterization resilient and maize and legume sustainable varieties available Input and output smallholder maize- for smallholders value chain legume practices, tactics and Whole farm strategies resource allocations Mainstreaming Gender, M&E , Spill overs, Scaling out and capacity building30% increase in maize and legume yields and 30% reduction in risk 500,000 households over the next 10 years
    • 6. 3 Is INTEGRATION (SYSTEMS) INNOVATION PLATFORMS Program Leader IMPACT ORIENTATION
    • 7. Baseline surveys, Farming systems and SE studies modelling Reported Farmers Sources of Income Researcher 100% 80% other craft petty trade managed trials beer brewing 60% self-employment 40% remittance hiring-out labour 20% livestock sales vegetable sales 0% crop sales Arumeru Karatu Hanang Farmer- managed trials On-farm trials Farmers Researcher and Community experimenting extension awareness training meetings Farmer-to-farmer exchanges SIMLESA, 2010
    • 8. Governance and Organization ASAREC MoA A CIMMYT Tanzania IIAM ICRISAT- Mozambi TL2 q MoA Malawi KARI Australian Kenya Partners Project Steering EIAR Committee South AfricanEthiopia Project Management: Partners CIMMYT
    • 9. Objective 1: Major achievements-2010Household baseline survey• Baseline survey completed in all the five countries and on-going in Malawi• Interviewed 4600 farm households randomly selected• 29 districts located in two agro- ecological zones and maize-pigeon pea, maize-beans, and maize- groundnuts , maize-soya beans cropping system• More than 580 villages• Community survey data collected from these villages
    • 10. Achievements in Objective 2 (CA)• Ethiopia: Second season 2011/2012 progressing vey Field days ongoing• Kenya and Tanzania Season two crops mid season stage- Field days being organized• Malawi and Mozambique-First Season results reported
    • 11. Field Day –Hawassa –Ethiopia 16 August 2011
    • 12. Objective 2: Establishment of on-farm exploratory trials by farmers Country Farmer groups # of Exploratory trials Ethiopia 9(12) 47 (58 in Year2) Kenya 8 48 Tanzania 8 48 Malawi 6 36 Mozambique 6 36 Total 37 215
    • 13. • Innovative relay & intercrop cropping systems tested for Queensland• Stress characterisation for Queensland• 2 NARS trained on BNF• More than five congress publications submitted
    • 14. Achievements in Objective 2 (CA) Field Visit Kenya 16 June
    • 15. Objective 03Identification of pre-release (within NVMTs) or newly released hybrids and OPVswith potential suitability for the targeted farming system Ethiopia Kenya Malawi Mozambique Tanzania Hybrids BH661 KH500-39E MH26 CZH0511 Selian H308 BH543 KDH3 MH27 Olipa Selian H208 WH105 SAH779 KH500Q SAH638 KH631Q SAH636 H624 H520 KH533A KM0406 OPVs Melkassa 2 KDV1 ZM523 ZM523 SA523 Melkassa 6Q Embu Synth ZM623 Tsangano SA525 Gibe 2 KKSynth2 ZM309 Chinaca Gibe 3 WS303 ZM721 KM0403
    • 16. Farmers’ assessment of newly released and pre-releasedmaize varieties• Assessment was done for newly released varieties, pre-released varieties, and farmer maize varieties• Evaluation involves socio-economists, maize breeders and agronomists in collaboration with farmers and extension staff
    • 17. Capacity building• Graduate level training/scholarships -AusAID and ACIAR – 5 PhD enrolled in 2011 in Austrian Universities – 30+Msc,3 PhDs registered in local Universities – 2012 Candidates being selected• Specific short term training in – CA Principles for research ,extension, NGO,staff and farmers – socio economics, M&E, Impact assessment for NARS – breeding and seed systems – Gender Mainstreaming – APSIM• Vehicles for all NARS, Laptops, moisture meters, digital cameras, jap planters, GPS units
    • 18. For SIMLESA to succeed, it must draw on appropriate component technologies• CA based practices• Drought tolerant maize• More productive legume varieties• Postharvest technologies• Improved integration of livestock options• Cell-phone managed insurance approaches The Challenge:How do we combine them so they optimize food security, incomes, resilience and sustainability?
    • 19. For SIMLESA to succeed, it must align with realistic value chains• Seed supply• Fertilizer supply• Equipment for CA based technologies• Postharvest technologies• Insurance providers• Price information providers• Traders and processors …Do you know them? Are the appropriate providers involved?
    • 20. Looking at the bigger picture:What are we targeting? – Farms that strongly base their food and income security on maize and legumesWhat do we do? – Interventions that maximize farm-level productivity, income, resilience and sustainability in these farming systems, based on farmers own resources and long realistic value chains.How do we work? – Innovation systems approach which means strong partnership with relevant actors

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