Landcare: a model for promoting sustainable agriculture around the world. Rob Youl
Landcare - a model for promoting sustainable agriculture around the world Rob Youl Forester, Landcare project developer Victoria, Australia• Community environmental projects, especially major revegetation •Landscape-scale biodiversity restoration/enhancement•Corporate involvement, including finance, registering carbon credits, PR and training firstname.lastname@example.org
Landcare - a model for promoting sustainable agriculture around the world Dennis Garrity ICRAF• Retiring chief ICRAF/WAC – based inNairobi• US-trained• Systems agronomist and long-termagroforestry researcher and promoter D.GARRITY@CGIAR.ORG>
Landcare - a model for promotingsustainable agriculture around the world Kenneth Masuki ICRAF • ICRAF, Knowledge Management Specialist • Assist Coordination of African Landcare Network (ALN) • Assist Coordination of Rural Institution Project – Based on Landcare Approach k.masuki@CGIAR.ORG
ALN ACTIVITIES• Capacity Development: – Training - master class course on landcare for the African region April-May 2012 – Help country in proposal write up and fundraising – AUSAID Small grants scheme• Fundraising – Food Security Proposal – Enabling Adaptations to Climate Change Proposal
ALN ACTIVITIES• Lesson exchange - information exchange and dissemination – Plan to have a web page• Regional research on agriculture, environment and role of strengthened rural institutions - IFAD• Help in the preparation of LI Newsletter
ALN ACTIVITIES• Facilitate Participation in WCCA – Landcare Session• Preparation for Landcare Side Event at UNCCD conference
ALN SUPPORT• ALN has enjoyed huge supports from SOUTH AFRICA, ITALY and AUSTRALIAN Governments for some time – Volunteers – Finances – Support to attend conferences• Recently, The Government of SOUTH AFRICA has embarked on a 5 year support programme for ALN
On behalf of ALN, I would like to thank all these Governments THANKS
Landcare - a model for promoting sustainable agriculture around the world Jonathan Muriuki ICRAF Agroforester, Evergreen Agriculture Project coordinator Eastern Africa• Smallholder agroforestry systems• Tree domestication• Smallholder seed and seedling systems development J.MURIUKI@CGIAR.ORG
Landcare for Evergreen AgricultureEvergreen Agricultureis a form of agriculture that integrates trees with annual crops, maintaining a green cover on the land throughout the year.Conservation Agriculture with Trees is a form of evergreen agriculture that combines CA principles with agroforestry.
Benefits of On-Farm Trees• Increased soil fertility• Decreased soil erosion• Reduced wind speed• Increased water infiltration• Decrease in temperature• Increased crop yields• Increased fuelwood production• Increased fodder for livestock• Increased biodiversity• Fruit production• Traditional medicines• Inexpensive and easy to adopt• Increase in biomass and carbon• Contribute to mitigating climate change
When integrated with CA, trees ensure1. Minimum soil disturbance. The roots of tree/shrub species and the soil fauna take over the tillage function, soil nutrient mobilization and balancing2. Adequate soil cover. The trees add biomass, which protects the soil and feeds the soil biota (i.e. biological plough). This also ensures better carbon storage than CA alone3. Trees in the rotation/ intercrop reduce weeds, insect pests and diseases; Thus increasing savings from inputs such as fertilizer and herbicides
For successful adoption, an Evergreen agriculture programme needs Germplasm Practices Right species, Tree management Seeds, and seedling spacing, niches, CA, tr systems ee crop interactions, etc Knowledge to Action with further research (Rural resource centers) Favorable policies, extension networks, capacity building at all levels Institutional framework
Integrating the landcare approach• Project implementation in Machakos (Kenya), Mbarali (Tanzania) and Bugesera (Rwanda) districts• District is the local government focus in the three countries (Kenya has devolved to counties)• Landcare networks present in the three countries• Local collective action is seen as the key to successful scaling up of evergreen agriculture – includes tree nursery owners and schools• Project funded by IFAD together with an institutional strengthening project• Model to combine landcare approaches found successful in East Africa with Rural Resource centre model successful in west and Central Africa
Achievements so far• Project still in its first year• Baseline survey conducted to show the biophysical and socio-economic context of the districts• Collective action is strong• Declining productivity concerns• Many novel pilot initiatives by partners• Local steering committees formed• A knowledge management strategy is being formulated based on local needs assessments
Landcare - a model for promotingsustainable agriculture around the world Mpume Ntlokwana Acting Director Land Use and Soil Management, Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries, Pretoria South Africa Administration of LandCare, CARA 43 of 1983, Act 70 of 1970 •BSc Agriculture Fifteen years in agriculture. DLUSM@daff.gov.za
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE, FORESTRY AND FISHERIES. RSABRIEF OVERVIEW OF LANDCARE PROGRAMME IN SOUTH AFRICA 27 September 2011 Brisbane, Australia Mpume Ntlokwana
PRESENTATION OUTLINE Introduction LandCare Principles African LandCare Network Conservation Agriculture in SA Highlights of SA LandCare Projects Conclusion
INTRODUCTIONo In 1997, the Government of South Africa introduced a LandCare programme to assist in managing degradation of natural agricultural resources that was exacerbating poverty in poor rural areaso The overall objective of LandCare is to optimize productivity and the sustainable use of natural resources, leading to greater productivity, food security, job creation and a better quality of life for all.o The LandCare programme has until to date allocated more than R465 million to the LandCare Projects in South Africa since its inception in 1997o LandCare is a community based and government supported approach to the sustainable management and use of agricultural natural resources.o LandCare is successful in building partnership between the public, community, intergovernmental departments, NGO’s, CBO’s and private sector. Partnerships are effective because they foster community spirit and people are realizing the need for LandCare.o SA will host the Fifth Biennial National LandCare Conference in September 2012.
LANDCARE PRINCIPLESLandCare principles: Integrated Sustainable Natural Resource Management embedded within a holistic policy and strategic framework where the primary causes of natural resource decline are recognized and addressed. Fostering group or community based and led natural resources management within a participatory framework that includes all land users, both rural and urban, so that they take ownership of the process and the outcomes. The development of sustainable livelihoods for individuals, groups and communities utilizing empowerment strategies. Government, community and individual capacity building through targeted training, education and support mechanisms. The development of active and true partnership between movements, LandCare groups and communities, non government organization, and industry. The blending together of appropriate upper level policy processes with bottom up feedback mechanisms. Feedback mechanisms should utilize effective LandCare institutional framework to give voice to LandCare Programme beneficiaries and supporting participants.
AFRICAN LANDCARE NETWORK The ALN was established in South Africa in 2006, and has a major role in uniting the African States in developing programmes against natural resource degradation and poverty. The main purpose of ALN is to build a network of countries LandCare programme as a general strategy to deliver the MDGs in Africa. The primary objective of the ALN is to facilitate scaling up of the LandCare programme across regions and continentally with the goal of achieving sustainable livelihood and conservation wellbeing This would enable, develop and utilize synergies across countries, providing opportunities for showcasing and mainstreaming LandCare ideas in natural resource management linking this initiative to various regional development processes. Members of the Network include SA, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Ethiopia, Rwanda, Namibia, Malawi and many more countries showing interest
AFRICAN LANDCARE NETWORK SA will support the ALN in the next five years with an amount of 100 000 USD. The aim is to reach to Africa and support the sustainable Land Management practices by adopting the LandCare approach and Conservation Agriculture in the Southern African Development Countries, East African Countries, Economic States of West Africa and the Maghreb Union South Africa together with International Centre for Research and Agroforestry (ICRAF) hosted the ALN workshop in Kigali, Rwanda on the 02nd - 03rd June 2010. The purpose of the workshop was to share experiences and foster institutional arrangement in building LandCare programme for Rwanda.
CONSERVATION AGRICULTURE (CA) Conservation Agriculture is gradually being introduced in SA with the aim of proactively conserving the natural resources. Pilots projects for were done in SA in the three Provinces, i.e. Limpopo, E.C and GP with the support of the FAO and ARC. DAFF is the chair of the National Conservation Agriculture Task Force (NCATF). DAFF is looking at establishing Provincial Conservation Agriculture Task Force (PCATF) in the nine Provinces of SA.
THANK YOU The Kingdom of God is near…On our way, without VISAs 19
Landcare - a model for promotingsustainable agriculture around the world Agustin Mercado Philippines Landcare Foundation • Sloping land management • Agroforestry • Nutrient cycling • Landcare project design email@example.com
Landcare in the Philippines: Why is it needed?• Population is 92 M people• Land area is 30 M has.• 10 M has sloping acid upland soils• 5 M hectares are less productive due to degradation Manila Claveria
Why is Landcare approach needed? Soils are acidic and inherently poor Inappropriate farming practices Declining farm productivity Soil erosion is high Declining farm size due to population pressure Deforestation in upper watershed Destruction of coastal resources Poverty and malnutrition
The Landcare approach A participatory technology development and dissemination using group approach to rapidly and inexpensively diffuse conservation farming, agroforestry practices and other technologies among farmers based on the farmers’ innate interest in learning and sharing knowledge about new technologies that earn more income and conserve natural resources. A community mobilization approach where groups of farmers are working together for the better health of the land and environment.
Elements of Landcare Approach Appropriate Technologies Landcare approachCommunity PartnershipInstitution BuildingDevelopment
Organizational structure of Municipal Landcare (Federation of village groups) MUNICIPAL LEVEL ACTORS • President, Municipal Landcare Association Municipal • Village Landcare Officer (Chapter Leader) Landcare • Municipal Mayor Association • Municipal council • Municipal Agriculture Officer • Academe and research institution • NGO’s VILLAGE LEVEL (Federation of sub-village groups) Village ACTORS • Chapter president Landcare •Sub-chapter level Presidents • Agriculture technicians • Village councils •Tribal leaders SUB-VILLAGE LEVEL ACTORS • Sub-chapter Landcare president Hamlet • Households Sub-chapter • Agriculture technicians • Sitio leaders • Tribal groups
The triadic approach enhances participation • Share knowledge, skills, time and Support low-cost materials • Committed to resource conservation Feedback • Share experiences and draws local support Landcare Groups • Adapt and innovate agroforestry technologies Natural resource management programsLocal Government Units Technical Facilitators • Share information on appropriate• Provide policy support and appropriate technologies incentives • Facilitate group formation and• Provide financial and material support development• Complement technical and facilitation needs • Provide IEC programs• Provide capacity building programs • Provide capacity building programs • Provide network support
Impact of Landcare approach on adoption of soil and waterconservation (including agroforestry). Claveria, Philippines
Other activities ... Production of tree seedlings Backyard vegetable gardening Backyard and community beautification Solid waste management Micro-saving mobilization Water watch River and creek rehabilitation Income generating projects Land use planning (farm and community planning) Working animals and seeds dispersal program Organic farming Research (FRCs) Training (FTGs) Collective marketing)
Outcomes of Landcare Approach• Wide adoption of soil and water • Reduced farming costs and improved conservation farm technologies production through integrated nutrient and pest management (eg. inclusion of• Farmer-trainor groups (FTG) and locally available organic fertilizer and village-based training centers were pesticides) established • Improved knowledge and income on• Community-based tree nurseries and marketing seed systems • Gained higher aspiration in farming• Generated funding, logistical and particularly in improving quality of technical supports from the local and products national government and other service providers • Increased number of households investing on diverse farm portfolios• Integrated of landcare concept and technologies into local government • Strengthened local extension system plans and programs • Improved effectiveness of service delivery by the local government 43
Thank you very much indeed for yourattention!! For more information, please inquire: firstname.lastname@example.org Philippines - ACIAR Sloping Lands Workshop 6-7 August 2009 44
Landcare - a model for promotingsustainable agriculture around the world Mary Johnson Research Fellow, RMIT University/ Director Secretariat for International Landcare Victoria, Australia • Regional development • Community relations • International Landcare • Environmental project design and management email@example.com
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