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Inclusive research for agriculture development: farmers' participation and innovation. Ajai Kumar
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Inclusive research for agriculture development: farmers' participation and innovation. Ajai Kumar


Presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane, Australia.

Presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane, Australia.

Published in Education , Technology , Business
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  • 1. Inclusive research for agriculture development: farmers’ participation and innovation Kumar A, Gupta RK, Jat ML, Malik RK, Sidhu HS, Gopal R Global Conservation Agriculture Program (GCAP)International Maize & Wheat Improvement Centre (CIMMYT) Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia (CSISA)
  • 2. Background• Dissemination or extension of technologies among the farmers is a complex issue.• Very often than not the scientists, having developed & tested the technologies, are not able to transfer these to the farmers widely.• Why farmers are not ready to adopt the new technology is an issue that haunts the planner and scientists alike.• Farmers today need value chain and real time information about production, protection, inputs, services, market etc• Factors such as the size of landholding, production system of the farmers and availability of inputs and services affect the information needs of the farmer• Agricultural Extension must be seen as a wider concept, including agricultural and marketing skills, organizing farmers and other stakeholders, developing social capital, sustainable natural resource management and food & livelihood security
  • 3. Innovations
  • 4. Participatory innovative pathways in CSISA: examples Obj1 Obj2 Obj3 Obj8 Farmers Obj4 Obj7 Obj6 Obj5
  • 5. Research to Dissemination Model Technology Infrastr M&E Evaluation of ucture alternatives Support Communic Generate Services ation alternatives TechnologyProblem solving approach IARCs or Project TeamUnderstandConstraints SMS, weather & market forecast,
  • 6. Model-1: Punjab, India Data & Feed Back Data/ Information Capacity Building Development, Evaluation & improvement Other Hub ARTs Punjab Hub Public partners Machinery ManufacturersPAU, SDA, , KVKs, ICAR Innovation Institutional mandate Rolling Out SALE/Buisness Demos & ART Zimidara Farm Solutions Business Inputs Champion farmers Profits Input Dealers Print & Mass media Farmers IMPACTS/ Outcomes >4000 Laser in the state Electricity Saving = 400 units/rice season/acre Purchase of 200 Turbo happy seeder by State Govt Subsidy on Laser Land Lever & Turbo Seeder
  • 7. Model-1: Haryana, India Data/ Information Capacity Building Punjab Hub ARTs Haryana Hub Quality & refinement Machine manufacturers Dashmesh Public Partners National AgroSDA, SAU, KVKs, ICAR ASS Innovation Private Partners (Institutional mandate) Coop. & Private Sugar mills Bayer Crop Science & NGOs Syngenta Rolling Out Devgen Seeds Demos & ART Monsanto Pioneer Seeds SALE Inputs Service Providers Champion farmers Profits Hariyali/ Input Dealers Print & Mass media Farmers Outcomes Area increased under Sugarcane Intercropping DSR acceptance Zero till acreage increased High Demand & Acceptance for laser Leveling
  • 8. Model-1: UP, India IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGY CHAMPION FARMERS ContributionsPRIVATE SECTOR ITC  Take up CAContributions Machine Service based manufacture  New products rs providers technologies  Hybrids  Opinion builders  New Agrochem. Champion  Helping technologies Companies farmers innovations  Seed productionBenefits EUP SAUS and ICAR-KVKs  Increase in Hub Contribution sales BCS NGOs  Trained human  Access to large capital no of farmers  Quality farmers  Backward SAUs/  New technologies integration Monsanto ICAR DOA HKB DOA Field level extensionEUPH -Generate value tofarmers, target and refinetechnologies, facilitatecustom services, guide IMPACTprivate sector about Capacityquality products, services EUPH-ARTs/ROLLING OUT buildingof customized Zero tillage/Reduced tillage / DSR Improvedproducts(seeds), Surface seeding/ Bedplanting/Diversification productivitydevelopment of human Improved Unpuddled machine transplanted rice/ CKB profitscapital, dissemination and /Seed production/ Storage bagsdistribution of Improvedinformation, and access to livelihoodstechnologies in IARS. Press and Media Farmers
  • 9. Model-4: Bihar, India Business Implementation strategies in Central Bihar Hub Donors, Intl. National Res. Institute, other Hubs Knowledge and resources Central Bihar Hub Data, feed back HCP, CKB, Tech Refined tech. B/S, F/S HCP, CKB Cap. building, Resources New opportunitiesPublic partners Private partners•W.B. deptt. of Agri. •PACS, Sarai ranjan, Masaudi.•RCER-RCER •Seed cooprtives, BGS, Nadia•KVKs- Jamui, Nawada •BCS, Monsanto, indofill, UPL, PI,•RAU, Pusa •JD, Dashmesh, National, ASS•IARI-RS Pusa Innovations •Service proiders•UBKVV, Kochbehar ART, FPTs Inputs , services •Laxmi Soil testing Lab•Adaptive Res. Stn, BGS •Input dealers•Other CSISA objectives (seed, pesticides, ferti.) Services Feed Media, traveling seminars back Trainings Recognition, feed Institutional mandates, visibility back, Profits Farmers Sustainable technology Food & livelihood adoption security
  • 10. Implementation structure – StartIARCs/ Project Capacity Building of team different stakeholders Private, NGO, Public sector Farmer Clubs EA EA EA EA EA Input SF SF Producer SF SF SFSupply S. Agent SF SF Demand EA Extension agents SF Small farmers
  • 11. Implementation structure – Last milestone delivery District Management Private, NGO, Public Sector Farmer Clubs EA EA EA EA EA Input SF SF Producer SF SF SF Supply S. Agent SF SF Demand EA Extension agents SF Small farmers
  • 12. Innovative Pathways for Technology Adaptation and Dissemination CSISA Local Hub KVKs ICAR (CIMMYT Institutes / IRRI) CA CA CA modules adopters modules farmers farmers Cooperative Society State (Participatory adaption Young of CA technologies, Deptt of Service windows, Farmer Farmers meets, travelling Forum Agri seminars, field days) CA modules CA farmers adopters CA adopters Private CCSHAU Sector Media