Global overview of the spread of CA. Theodor Friedrich
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Global overview of the spread of CA. Theodor Friedrich

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Presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane, Australia.

Presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane, Australia.

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Global overview of the spread of CA. Theodor Friedrich Global overview of the spread of CA. Theodor Friedrich Presentation Transcript

  • Global Overview of the Spreadof Conservation AgricultureTheodor Friedrich, Rolf Derpsch, Amir Kassam5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 1/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation AgricultureOutline • Introduction • CA definition • CA adoption global • CA adoption by regions • Conclusions5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation AgricultureConservation Agriculture is spreading: • CA is mainly a farmer led process • It represents a shift in production paradigm • It is increasingly catching the attention of NGOs and governments • There is no official data available – the data are estimates from local organizations • The data collected in this recent review try to closer reflect “good quality CA”5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture FAO Definition: www.fao.org/ag/ca Conservation Agriculture (CA) is an approach to managing agro- ecosystems for improved and sustained productivity, increased profits and food security while preserving and enhancing the resource base and the environment. CA is characterized by three linked principles, namely: 1. Continuous minimum mechanical soil disturbance. 2. Permanent organic soil cover. 3. Diversification of crop species grown in sequences or associations.5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture This definition translates into following practices: • Continuous zero tillage or strip tillage (<15 cm/25%) • Residue mulch or crop cover (>100, min. 30%) • Crop rotations (>3 diverse species)5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture Global Adoption of No-till/CA 160 150 mill. ha 140 124 mill. ha 120 109 mill. ha million ha 100 80 Global CA area Mill. ha No-Tillage 60 40 20 0 1974 1977 1982 1987 1992 1997 1999 2002 2003 2007 2010 20115th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • 100 50 Mill. ha US Soil Conservation Service 1930 conservation tillage Dustbowl First no-till in the US Faulkner (US) – Fukuoka (Japan) 1950 dustbowl Siberia/USSR commercial no-till/US5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 1970 first no-till demonstration in Brazil IITA no-till research Oldrieve/Zimbabwe 1980 adoption Brazil plantio direto na palha History and Adoption of CA 1990 Argentina, Paraguay; experiments in China, Indogangetic Plains New boost: 2000 Canada, Australia, Kazak hstan, Russia, China, Finland...; Africa 2010 Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agricultureslide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture CA adoption distribution by continent Europe Sub Saharan Africa Ukraine and Russia 1% 1% Asia 4% North Africa & Near East 3% 0% Australia & New Zealand 14% South America 45% (36%) North America 32% Total CA about 8% of cropland5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture Conservation Agriculture globally 124 Million ha large scale Russia, continental, dry Ukraine 5.1 >50% W Canada Kazakhstan > 1 large continental, dry (30%) 13.5 scale Europe 1 China 3.1 temperate, moist smallholder USA arid 15% 26.5 irrigated Africa 1 tropical savannah large smallholder scale Brazil tropical savannah 25.5 subtropical, dry 79% Paraguay 2.4 smallholder large scale Australia 17 temperate, moist other LA 2.4 arid large scale Argentina 25.5 (10.5) large 100% West scale (35%)5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture CA adoption in Latin America Paraguay, 2,400.00 Uruguay, 655.10, 51 Mexico, 41.00 79% % Venezuela, 300.00 Colombia, 127.00 Chile, 180.00 quality CA 10,500.00 Argentina, 25,553.0 0 76% Brazil, 25,502.00 43% Bolivia, 706.005th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture CA adoption in North America Canada >50% in Canada, 13,48 Western Canada 1.00 30% United States of America, 26,50 0.00 15%5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture CA adoption in Europe United Finland, 160.00 France, 200.00 Germany, 5.00 Hungary, 8.00 Kingdom, 150.00 , 3% 7% Ukraine, 600.00 Irland, 0.10 Italy, 80.00 Slovakia, Switzerland, 16.30 10.00 4% Portugal, 32.00 Netherlands, 0.50 Spain, 650.00 5% Russia, 4,500.00 4%5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture CA adoption in North Africa and Middle East Lebanon, 1.20 Morocco, 4.00 Tunesia, 8.00 Syria, 18.005th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture CA adoption in Sub Saharan Africa Kenya, 33.00 Lesotho, 2.00 Malawi, 16.00 Zimbabwe, 139. Ghana, 30.00 30 4% Madagascar, 6.0 0 Namibia, 0.34 Mozambique, 15 2.00 Zambia, 200.00 4% 4% South Africa, 368.00 2% Sudan, 10.005th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture CA adoption in Australia and New Zealand and Asia New Zealand, Korea, DP 162.00 R, 23.00 11% Kazakhstan, 1,300.00 6% Australia China, 3,1 17,000.00 00.00 2% 35% Australia 100% in Western Australia5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation Agriculture % average CA adoption by region based on reporting countries (and on total arable land of the region) 45 42 40 (37) 34 35 30 25 18 20 15 10 4 3 5 2 (3) 0 0 (0.6) (1) North Latin Europe * North Africa SubSaharan Asia Australia America America and Middle Africa and New East Zealand * Incl. Russia and Ukraine5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Global Overview of the Spread of Conservation AgricultureConclusions• Conservation Agriculture continues spreading around the world• Originally a farmer’s driven process only attention is increasing by governments and development organizations• CA is getting recognized as tool to Save and Grow• Some regions still struggle with introduction (Europe, South Asia)• Other regions struggle with keeping good quality CA (Latin America with Soya)• Further policy support is needed for faster adoption AND for safeguarding quality of CA to ensure environmental services5th World Congress on Conservation Agriculture, Brisbane, 26-29 September 2011 slide 2/x
  • Type here title of the presentation Calibri 14 normal white CA, the Agriculture of the Future – the Future of Agriculture More information: Theodor.Friedrich@fao.org Join the CA-CoP! http://www.fao.org/ag/caDate and place – Calibri 10 normal white slide 3/x