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Cultivation of African walnut Tetracarpidium Conophorum Mull. (Arg) on agricultural plantation: an approach to CA in Nigeria. Folaranmi Babalola
 

Cultivation of African walnut Tetracarpidium Conophorum Mull. (Arg) on agricultural plantation: an approach to CA in Nigeria. Folaranmi Babalola

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Presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane, Australia.

Presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane, Australia.

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    Cultivation of African walnut Tetracarpidium Conophorum Mull. (Arg) on agricultural plantation: an approach to CA in Nigeria. Folaranmi Babalola Cultivation of African walnut Tetracarpidium Conophorum Mull. (Arg) on agricultural plantation: an approach to CA in Nigeria. Folaranmi Babalola Presentation Transcript

    • Cultivation of African WalnutTetracarpidium Conophorum Mull. (Arg) onAgricultural Plantation: An Approach toConservation Agriculture in NigeriaFolaranmi D. Babalola (Ph.D.)Forest Resources Management,University of Ilorin, Nigeria.folababs2000@yahoo.com,babalola.fd@unilorin.edu.ng
    • • Over 90% of the 1.2 billion people living in extreme poverty depend on forests for livelihoods (World Bank, 2007).
    • The loss of biological diversity fromclearing of forests for agricultureand plantation establishment hasbeen emphasized. IUCN Photo Library © Jim Thorsell
    • Cultivation of forest productson agricultural plantation hasbeen recognised as acontribution to ConservationAgriculture IUCN Photo Library © Jim Thorsell
    • Aim of the study• Determine contributions of forest products to Conservation Agriculture with special focus on African walnut.
    • African walnut Tetracarpidium conophorum (Müll. Arg.) Hutch. & Dalziel• Family Euphorbiaceae;• Perennial climber;• Found in moist forest zones of sub-Sahara Africa;• Cultivated principally for the nuts (cooked and consumed as snacks).
    • Some benefits of African walnut • Nuts ▫ Proved to cure male fertility problem • Oil from nuts ▫ Used in formulation of wood varnish, vulcanized oil for rubber and leather substitute. • Leaves ▫ used for the treatment of dysentery (Ajaiyeoba and Fadare, 2006).
    • Methodology
    • Data collection• Questionnaire to rural farmers and local marketers• Farm visit
    • Map of the study area
    • Productionof the walnut
    • Production of African walnut• Nut planted under indigenous trees deliberately spared on agricultural lands and plantations• Starts fruiting 2 years• Fruits July – Sept• Processing is at household level
    • African walnut is a climber which is planted under indigenous tree species within agricultural plantation e.g. cocoa
    • Climber of African walnut on crown of some indigenous trees on agricultural plantation (thereby conserving the trees)
    • Processingof the walnut
    • Matured fruits allow to drop from climber Gathering of fruits Women, children (& farmers) Fruits Fruits Cut open with knife orRot and nuts washed cutlass and nuts removed
    • • Decaying stages of African walnut fruit
    • Marketingof the walnut
    • Chart for marketing of the walnut
    • Villagemerchant Bags of African walnut ready for transport
    • Marketing ofAfrican walnut(Retail)
    • Application of African walnutto Conservation Agriculture• Conserve indigenous tree species. ▫ Prevent felling• Decay fruit mesocarp improves soil fertility.• High litter fall that improve soil fertility. ▫ enhance function of soil microbs.
    • Mature fruits and climber ofwalnutClimber with many Decaying Mature fruitsleaves and leaves
    • Issues forDevelopment of the walnut
    • Issues for development• Producers: Small scale farmers at the local level• Industrial utilisation: Not fully developed. ▫ …hampering full scale production and exploration of inherent potentials.
    • Issues for devt…• Lack of adequate storage facilities ▫ Consumed within 1-2 days after cook• Inadequate transportation ▫ deplorable rural road networks.
    • Food for thought• Let us recognize more and incorporate Indigenous Knowledge to CA.• “When a knowledgeable old person dies, a whole library disappears”.
    • Acknowledgements• International Foundation for Science (IFS), Sweden: ▫ Research Fund• Travel Sponsorship: ▫ Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR) in partnership with Australian Government AusAIDs International Seminar Support Scheme
    • Thank you for listening