Controlled Traffic FarmingProductivity, sustainability and resilience   Outcome – better farming systems.My proposition – ...
Mechanised Cropping        What is a farming system?• Everything the farmer does• Involves the farm and the farmer 1.   Co...
1. Controlled Traffic       Manage machineryPermanent wheel tracks and matching           machinery1.   Perfect job every ...
Controlled TrafficPerfect job, zonal management Outcomes: soil health, efficiencies                                       4
2. Designed field layouts         CT in the landscape•   Use controlled traffic as the drainage system    – down hill, pre...
Waterlogging control   CTF Layout using 1m pixel imagery and GPS topo2004. Waterlogging, loss $56,000   2006. After draina...
TRADITIONAL 100t/haErosion control  CTF Response to  severe erosion event          1997CTF 10t/ha                         ...
3. No cultivation and        Controlled Traffic•   Accurate Spraying – no misses, no overlaps•   Access and timeliness•   ...
Responses to these realities   Biological soil health                               9
Controlled traffic allows standing residues and inter-row sowing
4. New spatial technologies•   Controlled Traffic needs accurate guidance•   Perfect match with 2cm GNSS auto-steer•   Con...
GNSS Guidance          Radio    GNSS    antennae                                  Rover/tractorBase station               ...
CTF and GNSS define theon-farm spatial footprint                            13
5. Automated Measure to            Manage tools•   2cm spatial footprint allows automated,    digital, computer based data...
6. Farming System Outcomes•   Relevant data to assess farming system    performance and farmer management•   “Measure to M...
6. Farming System Outcomes   Rainfall Use Efficiency                CTF                21t                       8t       ...
6. Farming system Outcomes   Rainfall Use Efficiency                             Post-beds     Pre-beds                11....
6. Farming System Outcomes       Triple bottom line benefits    Bowman (2008) studied 16 farmers and     change on 4,250 h...
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Controlled traffic farming, productivity, sustainability and resilience: outcomes - better farming systems. Don Yule

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A presentation from the WCCA 2011 event held in Brisbane, Australia.

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Controlled traffic farming, productivity, sustainability and resilience: outcomes - better farming systems. Don Yule

  1. 1. Controlled Traffic FarmingProductivity, sustainability and resilience Outcome – better farming systems.My proposition – for mechanised CA, do controlled traffic FIRST Dr Don Yule www.ctfsolutions.com.au 1
  2. 2. Mechanised Cropping What is a farming system?• Everything the farmer does• Involves the farm and the farmer 1. Controlled traffic 2. Designed field layouts 3. No cultivation 4. New spatial technologies 5. Measure to manage tools 6. Triple bottom line Outcomes 2
  3. 3. 1. Controlled Traffic Manage machineryPermanent wheel tracks and matching machinery1. Perfect job every time2. Zonal management – wheel tracks, rows, and inter-rows3. Soil health (compaction); efficiencies4. Everything is easier with Controlled Traffic 3
  4. 4. Controlled TrafficPerfect job, zonal management Outcomes: soil health, efficiencies 4
  5. 5. 2. Designed field layouts CT in the landscape• Use controlled traffic as the drainage system – down hill, prevent runoff concentration• Manage erosion and waterlogging• Outcome – Landscape health 5
  6. 6. Waterlogging control CTF Layout using 1m pixel imagery and GPS topo2004. Waterlogging, loss $56,000 2006. After drainage, cost $3,000. 6
  7. 7. TRADITIONAL 100t/haErosion control CTF Response to severe erosion event 1997CTF 10t/ha 7
  8. 8. 3. No cultivation and Controlled Traffic• Accurate Spraying – no misses, no overlaps• Access and timeliness• Standing residue, inter-row sowing• Outcomes – residue management, soil health 8
  9. 9. Responses to these realities Biological soil health 9
  10. 10. Controlled traffic allows standing residues and inter-row sowing
  11. 11. 4. New spatial technologies• Controlled Traffic needs accurate guidance• Perfect match with 2cm GNSS auto-steer• Controlled Traffic with guidance provides 2cm accurate spatial footprint• Outcomes – access to and use of spatial technologies 11
  12. 12. GNSS Guidance Radio GNSS antennae Rover/tractorBase station 12
  13. 13. CTF and GNSS define theon-farm spatial footprint 13
  14. 14. 5. Automated Measure to Manage tools• 2cm spatial footprint allows automated, digital, computer based data collection and records• Satellite, aerial or proximal 1m resolution remote sensing, yield monitoring, GIS• Internet access with mobile phones – from machine to computer anywhere• Automated on-farm R&D with strip trials 14
  15. 15. 6. Farming System Outcomes• Relevant data to assess farming system performance and farmer management• “Measure to Manage”• Accurate, accessible and spatial farm records at appropriate scales 15
  16. 16. 6. Farming System Outcomes Rainfall Use Efficiency CTF 21t 8t TRAD 16
  17. 17. 6. Farming system Outcomes Rainfall Use Efficiency Post-beds Pre-beds 11.6 kg/ha/mm 4.4 kg/ha/mm 17
  18. 18. 6. Farming System Outcomes Triple bottom line benefits Bowman (2008) studied 16 farmers and change on 4,250 ha, Darling Downs• Soil erosion less by 195,000 tonnes/year (-90%)• Diesel use from 338,000 to 130,000 L/yr (-60%)• Nitrogen leaving farms from 119 to 9 t (-90%)• Carbon dioxide loss from 1,199 to 373 t (-70%)• Labour from 4,590 to 1,744 hours (-60%)• Annual income $1,652,500 to $2,386,230 (+44%)• Gross Margin $547,279 to $918,366 (+68%) For mechanised CA, do controlled traffic FIRST 18

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