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Co-innovation of family farm systems in Uraguay: the role of farm modeling. Santiago Dogliotti Moro
 

Co-innovation of family farm systems in Uraguay: the role of farm modeling. Santiago Dogliotti Moro

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A presentation from the WCCA 2011 event held in Brisbane, Australia.

A presentation from the WCCA 2011 event held in Brisbane, Australia.

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    Co-innovation of family farm systems in Uraguay: the role of farm modeling. Santiago Dogliotti Moro Co-innovation of family farm systems in Uraguay: the role of farm modeling. Santiago Dogliotti Moro Presentation Transcript

    • Co-innovation of family farm systems in Uruguay: the role of farm modeling 3 rd farming Systems Design Conference Brisbane 26-29th September 2011 Dogliotti S , Aguerre V, Chilibroste P, Casagrande M, Rossing WAH Facultad de Agronomía , Montevideo, Uruguay Instituto Nacional de Investigación Agropecuaria, Uruguay Wageningen Centre for Agro-ecology and Systems Analysis (WaCasa), Wageningen University, The Netherlands
    • The learning cycles Model based exploratory study: alternative development strategies 2002-2003 Discussion of results with stakeholders: motivation and funding for a participatory research project 2003-2004 Co-innovation of vegetable and mixed farm systems: close farmer-researcher interaction on 16 pilot farms 2005-2010 Model based exploratory study: potential for improvement within <> farm types and scenarios 2010-2011 Discussion of results with stakeholders: training of extension agents, research agenda, policy briefs 2011-2012 Characterization & diagnosis of vegetable farming systems: On-Farm sustainability assessment 1997-2002
    • The unsustainability cycle Decreasing vegetables prices Decreasing Family Income Decreasing soil quality Increasing use of irrigation and inputs Increasing production costs Increasing prices of inputs Increasing crop yields ? Intensify and specialize the farm system
    • The unsustainability cycle
    • The learning cycles Characterization & diagnosis of vegetable farming systems: On-Farm sustainability assessment 1997-2002 Discussion of results with stakeholders: motivation and funding for a participatory research project 2003-2004 Co-innovation of vegetable and mixed farm systems: close farmer-researcher interaction on 16 pilot farms 2005-2010 Model based exploratory study: potential for improvement within <> farm types and scenarios 2010-2011 Discussion of results with stakeholders: training of extension agents, research agenda, policy briefs 2011-2012 Model based exploratory study: alternative development strategies 2002-2003
    • An alternative development strategy
      • For a large proportion of vegetable farms might be possible to significantly increase family income and at the same time reduce soil erosion by a factor 2-4 and reverse soil organic matter decline, by:
        • Reducing the area of vegetable crops
        • Matching labor availability and demand through the year by diversifying crop choice and varieties
        • Introducing long rotations with pastures, forage and cereal crops
        • Introducing cover crops and animal manure applications during the inter-crop periods
        • Introducing beef-cattle production into the farm system
    • The learning cycles Characterization & diagnosis of vegetable farming systems: On-Farm sustainability assessment 1997-2002 Model based exploratory study: alternative development strategies 2002-2003 Discussion of results with stakeholders: motivation and funding for a participatory research project 2003-2004 Model based exploratory study: potential for improvement within <> farm types and scenarios 2010-2011 Discussion of results with stakeholders: training of extension agents, research agenda, policy briefs 2011-2012 Co-innovation of vegetable and mixed farm systems: close farmer-researcher interaction on 16 pilot farms 2005-2010
    • A co-innovation approach to more sustainable farm systems Characterization and diagnosis Re-design Implementation, monitoring and evaluation
    • Results of co-innovation in pilot farms
    • Results of co-innovation in pilot farms
    • The learning cycles Characterization & diagnosis of vegetable farming systems: On-Farm sustainability assessment 1997-2002 Model based exploratory study: alternative development strategies 2002-2003 Discussion of results with stakeholders: motivation and funding for a participatory research project 2003-2004 Co-innovation of vegetable and mixed farm systems: close farmer-researcher interaction on 16 pilot farms 2005-2010 Discussion of results with stakeholders: training of extension agents, research agenda, policy briefs 2011-2012 Model based exploratory study: potential for improvement within <> farm types and scenarios 2010-2011
    • Exploring potential for improvement: soil erosion and income Soil erosion and family income for pilot farms 1 and 2. Initial refers to the situation before implementation of plans, Actual to the results of 2009-2010, and Potential to the lowest attainable erosion level without reducing Actual family income based on explorations with Farm IMAGES
    • Exploring potential for improvement: soil erosion and income Trade-off between soil conservation and family income for pilot farms 1 and 2 explored with Farm IMAGES.
    • The learning cycles Characterization & diagnosis of vegetable farming systems: On-Farm sustainability assessment 1997-2002 Model based exploratory study: alternative development strategies 2002-2003 Discussion of results with stakeholders: motivation and funding for a participatory research project 2003-2004 Co-innovation of vegetable and mixed farm systems: close farmer-researcher interaction on 16 pilot farms 2005-2010 Discussion of results with stakeholders: training of extension agents, research agenda, policy briefs 2011-2012 Model based exploratory study: potential for improvement within <> farm types and scenarios 2010-2011
    • Concluding remarks
      • Main contribution of whole-farm bio-economic modeling and simulation was to center the discussion at the farm level and show stakeholders that in most cases there was significant room for improvement of farm systems sustainability within the limitations imposed by resource endowment and a constraining socio-economic environment
      • Bio-economic models contributed to improve insights of the research team, but we did not used models or model results to interact with farmers during diagnosis, re-design and evaluation
      • Results of the co-innovation process and the second round of explorative simulation were used to produce policy briefs and discuss with stakeholders which resulted in a change in the way the technical assistance to farmers is subsidized: from a ‘per crop’ basis to a ‘per farm’ basis.