CA in Haryana India: past experiences and future plans. Ashok K Yadav
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CA in Haryana India: past experiences and future plans. Ashok K Yadav



A presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane.

A presentation from the WCCA 2011 conference in Brisbane.



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CA in Haryana India: past experiences and future plans. Ashok K Yadav CA in Haryana India: past experiences and future plans. Ashok K Yadav Presentation Transcript

  • Conservation Agriculture in HaryanaIndia: Past Experiences & Future Plans Ashok Kumar Yadav Director General (Agriculture) Government of Haryana, India
  • Haryana: Agricultural FactsGeographical Cropping SystemsArea • 1.4% of country • Rice-wheat (1.2 mha) • 4.4 mha • Cotton-Wheat (0.6 mha) • 85% under cultivation • Sugarcane-Wheat (0.06 mha) AgriculturalFood-grain Achievementsproduction increase 2nd largest contributor in country2.6 mt in 1966-67, 16.6 mt in food basket2010-11 Awarded “Krishi Karman Award”Six-fold increase in total for best performance in wheatproduction, Rice (16 fold), production 2010-11Wheat (11 fold)
  • Achievements in Principal CropsCrop Production (million tonnes) Increase 1966-67 2010-11Rice 0.22 3.47 > 15 timesBajra 0.37 11.85 > 3 timesWheat 1.1 11.63 10 timesFood grain 2.59 16.13 6 timesProductionMustard 0.08 0.94 > 11 timesCotton 0.29 1.75 > 6 times(in million bales)Sugarcane 0.51 6.04 > 11 times View slide
  • No diversificationMonotonous Soil HealthCroppingSystem Imbalance input use Factor productivity Water intensiveOver-exploitation Tillage intensiveof natural Fuel intensiveresources Labor intensive Poor quality waterResidue Residue burningManagement Alternate option Terminal heatChanging High GHGclimate Abrupt micro- climate View slide
  • Government Action on Key Issues Constitution of Farmers’ Commission: Policy Reforms Constitution of Working Group of Key Agricultural Issues for Action Plan: One on CA Prioritized Investment in Agriculture Organizing Stakeholders Interactions for Better Understanding and Implementation Prioritized Promotion of Conservation Agriculture Technologies
  • Integrating Conservation Agriculture with State SchemesGovernment of Haryana and Government of IndiaSchemes:• National Food Security Mission (NFSM): US$ 7.5 million• Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY): US$ 40 million• National Horticulture Mission: US$ 22.6 million• Accelerated Fodder Development Programme: US$ 3.5 million• Other minor schemes
  • Pathway: Last Milestone Delivery •Agricultural Department, Govt. of Haryana Delivery •KVKs & Private Sector and •CCS Haryana Agricultural University Adaptation •Farmer Groups of •Progressive Farmers Technologie •ICAR Institutes •Krishi Vigyan Kendra s •International Organizations Policy Guidelines• Agriculture Department, Govt. of Basic, Strategic Haryana and Adaptive• Agriculture Department, Govt. of India• Farmer Commission, Govt. of Haryana Research• SAU • CCS Haryana Agricultural University • ICAR Institutes • Krishi Vigyan Kendra • International Organizations • Sate Agricultural Department • NGOs & Private Sector
  • Conservation Agriculture: Experience to address majorissuesLaser Land leveling- a Water Revolution Benefits: • Saves 20-25% irrigation water • Improves input use efficiency • Improves crop productivity 5-10% • Saves electricity/energy to the tune of 900 units/ha/rice season • Employment generation of 350 man days/machineHaryana Govt. Policies:• Subsidy @ 50% upto INR 50000 per implement• Promote custom Hiring• Demonstration at each District and KVK level• Govt. procurement for custom hiring basis• Training of Laser Leveler service providers
  • Farm Machinery Promotion: Conservation AgricultureArea to be covered 2011-12 : 0.6 Benefits:mha • Timely sowing of crop • Increase in productivity by 5 to 10% Cost of Machine Rs. 30000/- • Less weed infestation • Saves INR 2000/ha • Irrigation water Saving -15-20% • Improves Soil health • Prevents burning of crop residue thereby reduces pollutionGovt. Policies:• Create CA machinery Banks with Farmer cooperatives in the Blocks;• Reduce/ eliminate incentives from tillage machineryto CA machinery• Create a policy environment that enable farmer to buy quality machines from nearby retail outlets of Haryali, IFFCO, Kribhco Tata Sansar, and KVKs etc. at subsidized rate.• Facilitate development of new implements based on quality and allow open competition in the industry• Introduce new prototypes of cultivator, double disk openers and harrows,• Promote off baring machine, cotton stubble cutters etc..
  • Straw Reaper Benefits: • Converts crop residue into fodder • Avoids burning of stubbles • Collection of additional grain Govt. Policy: • Subsidy @ 50% i.e INR 40000 per implement • Plan to subsidize 1000 straw reapers Benefits:Reaper Binder • Harvesting and binding in single operation • Harvest wheat, paddy, oats, barley and other grain crops of height up to 85 to 110 cm • Field capacity is 1acre/hr Govt. Policy: • Subsidy INR 40,000/- per machine • 500 Reaper binder target for current yearStraw Bailer Paddy, wheat and sugarcane straw baled better storage 2 Bailers purchased by Agril. Department Covered 500 ha. in 2010-11 and target 2000 ha. in 2011-12
  • Happy Seeder Benefits:  Enables sowing in preceding crop stubles Avoids burning of paddy straw and environment pollution Improve Soil fertility Increases organic matter & water retention capacity of soil Govt. Policy: Promotion of Happy Seeder from ensuing Rabi 2011-12. 1000 demonstrations in year 2011-12  Subsidy of INR 40000 per machine (in plan)Direct Seeded RiceBenefits:• Saves 10-30 % irrigation water• Saves input cost and net incomeGovt. Policy:• 800 demonstrations in next season• Subsidy of INR 7500 per ha provided for the promotion of DSR• Plan to bring 0.3 mha of Basmati rice under DSR• Procuring 500 reaper binder for current yearOther Technologies promotion:• Promotion of relay wheat cropping in standing cotton• Promotion of relay munbean in wheat crop• Promotion of zero tillage in Guar crop based systems• Promote raised bed intercropping system in Sugarcane based systems• Promotion of zero-till system in fodder crops
  • Rotavator- Misuse What’s heppening ?? Policy reforms• Misused for puddling and Relocate rotavator planting subsidy to turbo-happy• Promotes residue burning seeder and multi-crop• Promote broadcasting of seed planters & fertilizers Sensitize farmers and• Creates sub-soil compaction Govt. departments on (hard pan) ill effects of rotavators• Consumes more energy, fuel, reduces tractor life• Temporary water logging at establishment stage, yellowing of crop• Farmers have to apply extra dose of N /P fertilizer (50Kg/ha)
  • Future Strategies for CA3.0 mha under laser levelling upto 201750 % cultivated area to be brought under CA0.5 mha of Basmati area to be under DSR by 20170.12 mha area under zero tillage upto 20140.2mha under Turbo Seeder sowing by 2013Diversify 0.2 mha area from rice to maizeRaised bed sugarcane inter-cropping in 0.05 mhaRelay cropping of wheat in 50% Cotton area
  • Future Strategies for CAResidue retention for nutrient recycling, soil moistureretention, reduce transpirationPromote micro-irrigation systemsPromote surface residue retentionBetter weed management practicesCultivar choices for CAPromote Public private partnership for CALinking problematic areas with soil health cardsMapping of problematic soils and link to CA
  • Capacity Building and Improving Communication with Extension Agents and Farmers Across agro-ecologies farmer interactions through farmer schools, exposure visits, traveling seminarsStrong public-private partnership for knowledge sharing on inputs, markets, weather etc Long-term research platform trials & farmer participatory trialFarmer participatory seed systems and seed cooperatives for quality seedInclude CA in the course curriculum at the graduate level and master and PhD degree programs on CA in SAU
  • Research Initiations on CA Research on Develop herbicide agronomic usage and Integrating practices in residue CA with for mulches salinity- intercroppi Nutrient & alkalinity water ng systems research- managem SaltDouble ent in CA movement?no-till in ?non RWsystem
  • Real Time Access to Information –ICTs A Model of CIMMYT glex Help farmers by providing precise and value added information when they need: • New Practices/technologies • Forecasts • Market • Inputs & Services
  • Innovative Pathways for Technology Adaptation and Dissemination Local ICAR CSISA Hub KVKs Institutes (CIMMYT/ IRRI) CA CA CA modules adopters modules farmers farmers Cooperative Society (Participatory adaption of YoungState Deptt CA technologies, Service windows, Farmer Farmers of Agri meets, travelling Forum seminars, field days) CA CA modules adopters CA farmers adopters Private CCSHAU Sector Media
  • Farmer Commission Report on CA: Govt. of Haryana By Raj Gupta, ML Jat, RK Malik, YS Saharawat
  • Thank You website: e-mail : 20