Australian Public Policy to mitigateand adapt Agriculture for climate             change                Jean-Francois Roch...
Australian agriculture’s Greenhouse gas emission profile1. BACKGROUND
A small     emission     countryA high per capitaemission countryexcluding land usechange andforestry emission
Significance of agriculture in emission                    terms (Australia vs Global)           Australian GHG Emission b...
Relevance to national GHG accountsAgricultural emission 120,135 Gg (1000 tonnes)  for 2008 from:• Enteric Fermentation• Ma...
Agricultural GHG Emission by sector                                                Agricultural GHG Emission by sector    ...
Summary Australia is a high energy user, theagricultural profile is close to global        pattern at about 15%
2. POLICY OUTLINE IN AUSTRALIA
Current Climate Change Policy• Establishing a carbon price ($23/tonCO2e) for  highest emitters• 3 year transition to an em...
Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI)• baseline & credit carbon offset scheme to  provide economic opportunities for farmers,  f...
Objects of this Act1. Implement certain obligations that Australia   has under the Climate Change Convention   and the Kyo...
ProcessOperates via established methodologies to  approved:• Emission avoidance projects• Carbon sequestration projectsUnd...
Methodologies To be eligible, a project must comply with an approved methodology. Methodologies can be proposed by any ‘...
Process of supplying offset
Trading unitsDESIGN FEATURE OF    PROVISION IN THE CLEAN ENERGY BILL 2011CARBON UNITCarbon Unit (CU) or Transitional 100% ...
Interactive overview                                                      $Care For    Landcare                           ...
SummaryIn Climate Change policy terms its       a reasonably fair offer
3. IMPACT AT FARM LEVEL
Farmers - Climate change• Some degree of uncertainty at farm level• A large number of farmers are still not  engaged in th...
Farmers - Carbon offsets• Question how does market relate to climate  change• Lost in the complexity• Concern about tax im...
Farmers - Engagement points• Incentives: will respond to No-till tax offsets• Nitrogen use efficiency
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Australian public policy to mitigate and adapt agriculture for climate change. Jean Francois Rochecouste

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A presentation made at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane, Australia.

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Australian public policy to mitigate and adapt agriculture for climate change. Jean Francois Rochecouste

  1. 1. Australian Public Policy to mitigateand adapt Agriculture for climate change Jean-Francois Rochecouste National Executive Officer Conservation Agriculture Alliance of Australia and New Zealand
  2. 2. Australian agriculture’s Greenhouse gas emission profile1. BACKGROUND
  3. 3. A small emission countryA high per capitaemission countryexcluding land usechange andforestry emission
  4. 4. Significance of agriculture in emission terms (Australia vs Global) Australian GHG Emission by sector Global GHG Emission by sector Waste 3% Land use 9% Land use 17% Stationery Waste Energy 3% 26% Agriculture 15% Stationery Energy Agriculture 49% 14%Industry Transport 5% 13% Fugitive Transport Industry emissions 13% 19% 6% Buildings 8%
  5. 5. Relevance to national GHG accountsAgricultural emission 120,135 Gg (1000 tonnes) for 2008 from:• Enteric Fermentation• Manure Management• Rice Cultivation• Agricultural soils• Prescribe burning of savannas• Field burning of agricultural residues
  6. 6. Agricultural GHG Emission by sector Agricultural GHG Emission by sector Cattle burning of Sheep crop residue Other livestock 0% savanah Rice cultivation burning Agricultural soils 13% Prescribe burning of savanah burning of crop residue Agricultural Non- Agricultural soils sector 17% Cattle 53% Rice cultivation 0% Sheep 13% Other livestock 4%
  7. 7. Summary Australia is a high energy user, theagricultural profile is close to global pattern at about 15%
  8. 8. 2. POLICY OUTLINE IN AUSTRALIA
  9. 9. Current Climate Change Policy• Establishing a carbon price ($23/tonCO2e) for highest emitters• 3 year transition to an emission trading mechanism• Provide support mechanism for: – renewable energy – energy efficiency – Land use• Agriculture emission is exempt
  10. 10. Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI)• baseline & credit carbon offset scheme to provide economic opportunities for farmers, forest growers, food processors and landholders• The CFI was passed by Parliament on 23 August 2011 as the Carbon Credits (Carbon Farming Initiative) Act 2011.
  11. 11. Objects of this Act1. Implement certain obligations that Australia has under the Climate Change Convention and the Kyoto Protocol2. To create incentives for people to carryout certain offset projects3. To increase carbon abatement that is consistent with the protection of Australia’s natural resource
  12. 12. ProcessOperates via established methodologies to approved:• Emission avoidance projects• Carbon sequestration projectsUnder a strict governance program
  13. 13. Methodologies To be eligible, a project must comply with an approved methodology. Methodologies can be proposed by any ‘person’ (inc government). Methodology must: Be measurable and verifiable; Be supported by peer-reviewed published scientific results  Account for GHG emissions resulting from the project, both direct (eg emissions from nitrogen fertilisers used to enhance soil carbon) and indirect (eg leakage from displacement of emissions activity to another area);  Adopt conservative estimates, projections and assumptions; and For sequestration, take account of significant cyclical variations in the sequestered carbon (eg fluctuations in annual average rainfall, which will affect the levels of carbon stored in agricultural soils and some forms of vegetation).
  14. 14. Process of supplying offset
  15. 15. Trading unitsDESIGN FEATURE OF PROVISION IN THE CLEAN ENERGY BILL 2011CARBON UNITCarbon Unit (CU) or Transitional 100% compliant supplied to trade exposedEligible Emission Unit industries and parts of the energy sectorAustralian Carbon Kyoto ACCU /Carbon Farming Initiative (CFI)Credit Unit (ACCU)Kyoto Units Eligible International Emissions Unit (CER; ERU; RMU etc) which is not for compliance during fixed price periodNon-Kyoto Units Non-Kyoto ACCU/ Carbon Farming Initiative which has limited compliance value can be sold on voluntary market
  16. 16. Interactive overview $Care For Landcare ResearchOur CFI program onCountry methodologies Sustainable(CFOC) farmingProgram projects Tax offsets on no-till equipment
  17. 17. SummaryIn Climate Change policy terms its a reasonably fair offer
  18. 18. 3. IMPACT AT FARM LEVEL
  19. 19. Farmers - Climate change• Some degree of uncertainty at farm level• A large number of farmers are still not engaged in the climate change debate• Interest is more concerned with impact and adaptation
  20. 20. Farmers - Carbon offsets• Question how does market relate to climate change• Lost in the complexity• Concern about tax impact on inputs• Concerned about market liability (100 years for carbon sequestration)
  21. 21. Farmers - Engagement points• Incentives: will respond to No-till tax offsets• Nitrogen use efficiency

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