A proposal for governance of sustainability in agriculture. Gérard Rass


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A presentation at the WCCA 2011 event in Brisbane.

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A proposal for governance of sustainability in agriculture. Gérard Rass

  1. 1. A proposal for governance of sustainability in agriculture Brisabne, Wordl Congress of Conservation Agriculture, Sept 2011 APAD, Gérard Rass
  2. 2. <ul><li>Farmers need and want to progress towards sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obtain the best possible results of their farms, improving their operations on : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economics </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social responsibility </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental responsibility </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintain their freedom to operate and innovate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This can be obtained with an effective stakeholder dialog with citizens (and thus policy makers) : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>shared and agreed objectives : production, prices, trade-offs with other dossiers (space, biodiversity, resources, energy…) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>common relevant criteria : indicators of sustainability, assessing situation and progresses </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>The Institute for Sustainable Agriculture (IAD) is identifying and using indicators able to measure the results of farming practices on the ecological services and sustainability criteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural sustainability is defined by its ability to maintain over time : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an economically viable and competitive, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>socially equitable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>and environmentally‐friendly agricultural production. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>About environment, sustainable agriculture produces : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>biodiversity, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>soil quality </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>water quality, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potential to adapt to climate change, control greenhouse effect, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potential to produce renewable energy. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>IAD indicators : how they have been made and what they bring </li></ul><ul><li>The indicators were selected in 2008, internationally and locally, based on criteria of relevance, neutrality, occurrence and result measurement. </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimately, after 2 years testing on 160 farms, we settled a scorecard and dashboard made of 26 indicators grouped into 7 themes. </li></ul><ul><li>In IAD report : « Agriculture 2050 starts here and now », are explained : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The model of sustainable farming production </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The criteria for Sustainable Production </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The ecosystem services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A mechanisms of PES (Payment for Ecological Services) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>The model : based on the 3 fundamental functions of the ecosystem </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>26 indicators assessing the key relevant parameters of farming activity </li></ul><ul><li>Theme 1: economic viability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EBITDA per ha and/or per livestock unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>EBITDA/labour unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Production costs per ha or livestockunit </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theme 2: social viability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Full‐time equivalent working hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(1,800 hours/year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SI ‐ Satisfaction Index </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theme 3: efficiency of input use </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IFT ‐ Pesticide treatment frequency index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NPK balance (nitrogen ‐ phosphorous ‐ potassium) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy balance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy independence rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water consumption (irrigation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food autonomy rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield ha, livestock farm </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>IAD Indicators (continued) </li></ul><ul><li>Topic 4: Greenhouse gas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GHG level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theme 5: soil quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield/ha UAA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yield/ha main fodder area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil tillage index </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Annual soil cover rate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic matter level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil biological activity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theme 6: water quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NO3 level ‐ boreholes and wells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NO3 level – rivers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theme 7: biodiversity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil utilisation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biodiversity surface area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop diversity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STOC &quot;birds&quot; (common bird mapping) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>STERC &quot;insects&quot; (common insect mapping) </li></ul></ul>19 of these indicators are able to measure directly or indirectly the ecological services in accordance with the scientific references available in the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment
  8. 8. <ul><li>Scorecards for sustainable agriculture indicators </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>IAD indicators measure part of the ecological services identified by the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>From theory to practice in setting up environmental payments for ecological services. Adaptation of the Pagiola and Platais (2006) scheme for agriculture. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Mechanism of Payment for Ecological Services (PES) example on APAD farms with 12 indicators </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Results after 3 years : </li></ul><ul><li>160 farms assessed, </li></ul><ul><li>Several partners from supply or food industry involved to use IAD indicators, </li></ul><ul><li>3 high level international conferences on Sustainable Agriculture in Senate in Paris, with high level official sponsors, and international speakers of CA community (thanks to them !). </li></ul><ul><li>Report Agriculture 2050 circulated among french experts and Government, in EU Parliament and Commission. </li></ul><ul><li>Some recognition in France for IAD indicators of Sustainable Agriculture, and thus CA </li></ul><ul><li>Engagement of more stakeholders into IAD </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Stakehlders : everyone is involved in designing sustainable agriculture, but with different functions </li></ul>Citizens / Policy makers No-Till Farmers Food industry Food Feed industry Soil management Fertilizers Genetics Machinery Plant protection
  14. 14. <ul><li>Farmers have engaged some supply companies </li></ul>IAD To improve results on farms
  15. 15. <ul><li>IAD has engaged food / feed industry into supoort to sustainable agriculture </li></ul>Citizens / Policy makers WEST cluster (*) To serve consumers demand WEST : Well Eating Sustainable Territory No-Till Farmers Food industry Food Feed industry Soil management Fertilizers Genetics Machinery Plant protection
  16. 16. <ul><li>This project is partaken with some Members of European Parliament </li></ul>To enable good policies, & give the signal from the top ECAF
  17. 17. <ul><li>We need to reinforce our capacity to influence for SA and CA at European level </li></ul><ul><li>A European Council for Sustainable Agriculture in Brussels, </li></ul><ul><li>with 3 pilars (IAD model) : </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers : ECAF farmers from key EU countries, </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>to drive, and advocate with the legitimacy of their results and practical experience, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CA Scientists : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to support scientific debates, and fight objections of local scientists, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ECAF experts </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>international CA community (=> you ), </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>supported by high reputation international agencies (United Nation) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Private companies : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>input industries, machinery, fertilizer, crop protection, genetics…, supporting CA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Include IAD and WEST cluster (food and feed industries) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Missions of the European Council for Sustainable Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Monitor EU and national policies : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Audit their performances vs sustainability criteria </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Publish reports and recommendations to policy makers </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Advocate for CA to EU Parliament and Commission </li></ul><ul><li>Make local missions and audits, on demand : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ex : water quality in France, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Provide data and studies when needed (ex : C credits…) </li></ul><ul><li>Participate in studies (tender bids from EU : ex : indicators) </li></ul><ul><li>Provide to local operators : </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>strategic advices, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>speakers for conferences, </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>communication with media </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>But we need also a global governance of agriculture, environment, social, economics… </li></ul><ul><li>A global approach of sustainability across geographies, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex : social responsibility, C sequestration assessment, fair trade, anti-dumping, trade-offs food, energy, biodiversity, water use… </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A base of common set of principles and criteria : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a global set of indicators ? Cf Millenium Ecosystem Assessment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A common platform for dialog between geographies and operators : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a global council for SA ? </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The challenge for sustainability is global. It needs a global governance. We shall loose or win together. Thank you [email_address] 33 6 07 40 42 59 [email_address] www.apad.asso.fr