2
THE RISING INFLUENCE OFCHINESE MILITARY3
• Background• China’s interests in seas• New weapon systems and the conductof military exercises• Repercussions of civil-m...
• New phase of military development• New Roles and missions for the PLA• Beyond China’s immediate territorialinterests• Di...
6IN SPACE
77POWERFUL MILITARY
88POWERFUL MILITARY
99President Hu Jintao“The future and destinyof modernChina is closely linkedto the future anddestiny of the world.China’s ...
1010China has become an importantmember of the international system.China cannot develop inisolation fromthe rest of the w...
CHINESE MILITARY11
• PLA has exercised its prevailing influence• Achieving national interests• Resolving international issues12DISPUTE RESOLV...
• US-Spy plane EP-3 collided with a Chinesefighter jet13DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
• Fighter crashed, killing the pilot• International dispute generated betweentwo powers14DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS ...
15• EP-3 forced to make an emergency landingDISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
• 24 American crewmen taken into custody• EP-3 with secret surveillance equipmentcaptured by Chinese Military• China deman...
• Bush administration’sforeign-policy crisis• Pentagon and the Bushadministration wasaggressive• US will not apologize.Vic...
• Chinese Foreign Office replied with PLA’srigid stand• China received apology letter from US• Bush also wrote apology let...
DISASSEMBLED ONHAINAN ISLAND19
US-SPY PLANE EP-320The EP-3 is the jewel inthe crown of the USNavy andthe loss of its secretsto a potentialunfriendly nati...
21
22
CHINA PLAYING ROLE ININTERNATIONAL ISSUES23
CHINA PLAYING ROLE ININTERNATIONAL ISSUES24
25China playing asignificantlymore positiverole in the worldthan either theUS or Russia.BBC POLLS 22 COUNTRIES
26“ASIAN OPINIONS ON CHINA’SFUTURE AS A SUPER POWER4 % 4 % 7 %10 % 6% 4 %CambodiaPhilippines12 % 9 % 5 %India10 % 10 % 8 %...
27CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEAS27
• Sea power has determined the fate ofnations• “China is a sea power”. President HuJintao• Access and use of the sea28CHIN...
29SOUTH CHINA SEAEAST CHINA SEAWESTERN PACIFICCHINA’S INTRESTSIN SEAS
301EconomicInterestsShippingLanes2NaturalResourcesOil, Gas &Fishingresources3ForceProjectionSecuringExtensiveSovereignty4M...
31CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEASEmphasizing sea powerin the process ofeconomic development
32SOUTHCHINA SEAEAST CHINASEAPACIFICOCEAN
CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEAS33
CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEAS34
35PLA NAVY BASE ONHAINAN ISLANDGround entrance to undergroundsubmarine baseNuclear SubmarineUnderground Sub Entrance
36PROCUREMENT OF NEW WEAPONSYSTEMS AND CONDUCT OFMILITARY EXERCISES36
37PROCUREMENT OFWEAPON SYSTEMS
38PROCUREMENT OFWEAPON SYSTEMS
39PROCUREMENT OFWEAPON SYSTEMS
PLA WEAPONSSU-27 SU-30 J-8• Advanced multi role aircrafts40
JF-17 J-11 B JH-7PLA WEAPONS• Advanced multi role aircrafts41
H-6 IL-78H-6 RefuelerPLA WEAPONS• Bomber and aerial-refuelers42
AWACS KJ-2000 STEALTH J-20PLA WEAPONS• AWACS and Stealth43
Sovremennyi-classGuided missile DestroyersYUANNuclear SubmarineKillo-classconventional SubmarinesSOVREMENNYIPLA WEAPONS• D...
PLA WEAPONS• Aircraft-Carrier research and development45
46
• Rapid reaction units (RRUs)PLA WEAPONS 47
Nuclear forcesDF-31, df-41CSS-4s, CSS-3s,and CSS-5s.Medium-RangeBallistic Missiles(1,000-3,000 km)GroundAttack Munitionsal...
Manned-Space ASAT WeaponsSatellite NavigationSystem• China has a very active space programPLA WEAPONS 49
ASAT CAPABILITY50
• Developing capability for computer networkoperations (CNO)PLA WEAPONS 51
$1.5 to $2 billion$80 to $120 millionWhat does a stealth bomber cost?What does a stealth fighter cost?$1 to $2 millionWhat...
• China developing capability to conductIntegrated Joint Operations (IJO)CONDUCT OF MILITARYEXERCISES53
• IJO, concept essential to modern warfareCONDUCT OF MILITARYEXERCISES54
• PLA participation in bilateral andmultilateral exercises• Military and political benefits for PRC• Contributes to PLA mo...
56CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES
• “AMAN 2009” a multilateral naval exercisehosted by PakistanCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES57
• China and Gabon conducted “PeaceAngel ”CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES58
• China and Singapore conducted “ExerciseCooperation ”CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES59
• China and Mongolia held “PeacekeepingMission ”CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES60
• Sino-Russian counterterrorism exerciseCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES61
• UN sponsored peace operationsCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES62
• Pak-China Special forces exercisesCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES63
64REPURCUSSIONS OF CIVILMILITARY RIFT ON CHINESEMILITARY GAINS
• “Civilians make policy and the militaryexecutes”• Misunderstandings proven costly innational security decision-making• “...
66MILITARY POWER IS BASED ON Numbers of soldiers andresources Technology effectiveness andsophistication of equipment O...
• Military’s advisory role is broad in chinaand is honored• PLA is just not a tool to safeguard China’sboundaries• Civilia...
“We must establish soundsystems of weapons andequipment, research andmanufacturing and combinemilitary efforts with civili...
• Civilian leadership decides the objective ofmilitary action• Military decides upon the best way ofachieving the objectiv...
• Effective Civil-Military relation depends upon Understanding roles and responsibilitiesacross the relationships Balanc...
• Friction among institutions• Military may loose its prime focus• Confused political environment• Path towards great Chin...
72CIVIL-MILITARY RIFT
73CIVIL-MILITARY RELATION
74Focus on development Military/Economy111133332222Utilizing its Seas4444 Civil-Military Cooperation and support.PLA prote...
BIBLOGRAPHY• Internet• http://www.china.org.cn• http://wikipedia.org• China’s Military and Security Developments• http://b...
76QUESTIONS
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  1. 1. 2
  2. 2. THE RISING INFLUENCE OFCHINESE MILITARY3
  3. 3. • Background• China’s interests in seas• New weapon systems and the conductof military exercises• Repercussions of civil-military rift onChinese military gainsSEQUENCE4
  4. 4. • New phase of military development• New Roles and missions for the PLA• Beyond China’s immediate territorialinterests• Diplomatic advantages and resolvedisputes in favorINTRODUCTION5
  5. 5. 6IN SPACE
  6. 6. 77POWERFUL MILITARY
  7. 7. 88POWERFUL MILITARY
  8. 8. 99President Hu Jintao“The future and destinyof modernChina is closely linkedto the future anddestiny of the world.China’s developmentcannot be donewithout the world andthe world’sdevelopmentneeds China.”
  9. 9. 1010China has become an importantmember of the international system.China cannot develop inisolation fromthe rest of the world, nor canthe world enjoy prosperityand stability without China.China’s 2008 Defense White Paper
  10. 10. CHINESE MILITARY11
  11. 11. • PLA has exercised its prevailing influence• Achieving national interests• Resolving international issues12DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS12
  12. 12. • US-Spy plane EP-3 collided with a Chinesefighter jet13DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
  13. 13. • Fighter crashed, killing the pilot• International dispute generated betweentwo powers14DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
  14. 14. 15• EP-3 forced to make an emergency landingDISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
  15. 15. • 24 American crewmen taken into custody• EP-3 with secret surveillance equipmentcaptured by Chinese Military• China demanded public apology by US16EXAMPLE DISPUTE RESOLVEDON CHINESE TERMS16DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
  16. 16. • Bush administration’sforeign-policy crisis• Pentagon and the Bushadministration wasaggressive• US will not apologize.Vice President DickCheney 17EXAMPLE DISPUTE RESOLVEDON CHINESE TERMS17DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
  17. 17. • Chinese Foreign Office replied with PLA’srigid stand• China received apology letter from US• Bush also wrote apology letter to thewidow of lost18EXAMPLE DISPUTE RESOLVEDON CHINESE TERMS18DISPUTE RESOLVED ONCHINESE TERMS Cont’d…
  18. 18. DISASSEMBLED ONHAINAN ISLAND19
  19. 19. US-SPY PLANE EP-320The EP-3 is the jewel inthe crown of the USNavy andthe loss of its secretsto a potentialunfriendly nation is agrievous loss to the USNew York Times
  20. 20. 21
  21. 21. 22
  22. 22. CHINA PLAYING ROLE ININTERNATIONAL ISSUES23
  23. 23. CHINA PLAYING ROLE ININTERNATIONAL ISSUES24
  24. 24. 25China playing asignificantlymore positiverole in the worldthan either theUS or Russia.BBC POLLS 22 COUNTRIES
  25. 25. 26“ASIAN OPINIONS ON CHINA’SFUTURE AS A SUPER POWER4 % 4 % 7 %10 % 6% 4 %CambodiaPhilippines12 % 9 % 5 %India10 % 10 % 8 %Vietnam19 % 20 % 6 %Malaysia12 % 20 %18 %SingaporeNext 10 Years Next 20 Years Next 50 Years
  26. 26. 27CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEAS27
  27. 27. • Sea power has determined the fate ofnations• “China is a sea power”. President HuJintao• Access and use of the sea28CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEAS28
  28. 28. 29SOUTH CHINA SEAEAST CHINA SEAWESTERN PACIFICCHINA’S INTRESTSIN SEAS
  29. 29. 301EconomicInterestsShippingLanes2NaturalResourcesOil, Gas &Fishingresources3ForceProjectionSecuringExtensiveSovereignty4MAJOR INTERESTS IN SEAS
  30. 30. 31CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEASEmphasizing sea powerin the process ofeconomic development
  31. 31. 32SOUTHCHINA SEAEAST CHINASEAPACIFICOCEAN
  32. 32. CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEAS33
  33. 33. CHINA’S INTERESTS IN SEAS34
  34. 34. 35PLA NAVY BASE ONHAINAN ISLANDGround entrance to undergroundsubmarine baseNuclear SubmarineUnderground Sub Entrance
  35. 35. 36PROCUREMENT OF NEW WEAPONSYSTEMS AND CONDUCT OFMILITARY EXERCISES36
  36. 36. 37PROCUREMENT OFWEAPON SYSTEMS
  37. 37. 38PROCUREMENT OFWEAPON SYSTEMS
  38. 38. 39PROCUREMENT OFWEAPON SYSTEMS
  39. 39. PLA WEAPONSSU-27 SU-30 J-8• Advanced multi role aircrafts40
  40. 40. JF-17 J-11 B JH-7PLA WEAPONS• Advanced multi role aircrafts41
  41. 41. H-6 IL-78H-6 RefuelerPLA WEAPONS• Bomber and aerial-refuelers42
  42. 42. AWACS KJ-2000 STEALTH J-20PLA WEAPONS• AWACS and Stealth43
  43. 43. Sovremennyi-classGuided missile DestroyersYUANNuclear SubmarineKillo-classconventional SubmarinesSOVREMENNYIPLA WEAPONS• Destroyer & Submarines44
  44. 44. PLA WEAPONS• Aircraft-Carrier research and development45
  45. 45. 46
  46. 46. • Rapid reaction units (RRUs)PLA WEAPONS 47
  47. 47. Nuclear forcesDF-31, df-41CSS-4s, CSS-3s,and CSS-5s.Medium-RangeBallistic Missiles(1,000-3,000 km)GroundAttack Munitionsall-weather, satellite-guided bombs,laser-guidedbombs.Land-AttackCruise MissilesYJ-63, KD-88,DH-10Anti-ShipCruise Missiles1950s-era CSS-N-2, SS-N-22,SS-N-27BShort-RangeBallistic Missiles(< 1,000 km)PLA WEAPONS 48
  48. 48. Manned-Space ASAT WeaponsSatellite NavigationSystem• China has a very active space programPLA WEAPONS 49
  49. 49. ASAT CAPABILITY50
  50. 50. • Developing capability for computer networkoperations (CNO)PLA WEAPONS 51
  51. 51. $1.5 to $2 billion$80 to $120 millionWhat does a stealth bomber cost?What does a stealth fighter cost?$1 to $2 millionWhat does a cruise missile cost?$300 to $50,000What does a cyber weapon cost?PLA WEAPONS• Cyber weapons52
  52. 52. • China developing capability to conductIntegrated Joint Operations (IJO)CONDUCT OF MILITARYEXERCISES53
  53. 53. • IJO, concept essential to modern warfareCONDUCT OF MILITARYEXERCISES54
  54. 54. • PLA participation in bilateral andmultilateral exercises• Military and political benefits for PRC• Contributes to PLA modernization• PLA capabilities enhancedCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES55
  55. 55. 56CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES
  56. 56. • “AMAN 2009” a multilateral naval exercisehosted by PakistanCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES57
  57. 57. • China and Gabon conducted “PeaceAngel ”CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES58
  58. 58. • China and Singapore conducted “ExerciseCooperation ”CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES59
  59. 59. • China and Mongolia held “PeacekeepingMission ”CONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES60
  60. 60. • Sino-Russian counterterrorism exerciseCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES61
  61. 61. • UN sponsored peace operationsCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES62
  62. 62. • Pak-China Special forces exercisesCONDUCT OF MILITARY EXERCISESCOMBINED EXERCISES63
  63. 63. 64REPURCUSSIONS OF CIVILMILITARY RIFT ON CHINESEMILITARY GAINS
  64. 64. • “Civilians make policy and the militaryexecutes”• Misunderstandings proven costly innational security decision-making• “Approach the line” with advice without“crossing the line”REPURCUSSIONS OF CIVILMILITARY RIFT ON CHINESEMILITARY GAINS65
  65. 65. 66MILITARY POWER IS BASED ON Numbers of soldiers andresources Technology effectiveness andsophistication of equipment Organization the discipline,training and morale of troops andeffectiveness of leadership Society willingness of society topurse military force
  66. 66. • Military’s advisory role is broad in chinaand is honored• PLA is just not a tool to safeguard China’sboundaries• Civilian leadership requires strong militaryto protect national interests67PLA ROLE IN CHINA’S POLICIES
  67. 67. “We must establish soundsystems of weapons andequipment, research andmanufacturing and combinemilitary efforts with civiliansupport, build the armedforces through diligence and thriftand blaze a path of developmentwith Chinese characteristicsfeaturing military and civilianintegration”68President Hu Jintao
  68. 68. • Civilian leadership decides the objective ofmilitary action• Military decides upon the best way ofachieving the objective69CIVIL-MILITARY RELATION
  69. 69. • Effective Civil-Military relation depends upon Understanding roles and responsibilitiesacross the relationships Balancing professional competencies withprofessional responsibilities70CIVIL-MILITARY RELATION
  70. 70. • Friction among institutions• Military may loose its prime focus• Confused political environment• Path towards great China may diminish• Civilian efforts/support for modernizingPLA may get affected71REPURCUSSIONS OF CIVILMILITARY RIFT
  71. 71. 72CIVIL-MILITARY RIFT
  72. 72. 73CIVIL-MILITARY RELATION
  73. 73. 74Focus on development Military/Economy111133332222Utilizing its Seas4444 Civil-Military Cooperation and support.PLA protecting China’s interestsChina’s powerful military, a rising influenceCONCLUSION
  74. 74. BIBLOGRAPHY• Internet• http://www.china.org.cn• http://wikipedia.org• China’s Military and Security Developments• http://bbc.co.uk• http://www.gallup.com75
  75. 75. 76QUESTIONS
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