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FOSS STHLM Android Cloud to Device Messaging



foss-sthlm #4 meeting, 26 October.

foss-sthlm #4 meeting, 26 October.



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FOSS STHLM Android Cloud to Device Messaging Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Android Cloud to Device Messaging Framework
  • 2. How to keep data fresh?
  • 3. Polling Simple to implement Ask for data periodically Radio draws a lot of power
  • 4. Pushing Harder to implement Less battery consumption Only uses network when needed Constant connection
  • 5. Components Intent Description of an action to perform BroadcastReceiver Recieve intents IntentService Handles asynchronous request, started when needed WakeLock Wake up the device at desired level AlarmManager Schedule the app to run in the future Synchronize polls with INTERVAL_*
  • 6. Some interesting projects CouchOne Mobile for Android http://www.couch.io/android Ericsson Labs - Mobile Push https://labs.ericsson.com/apis/mobile-push/ Whoopingkof - Evented Sockets http://github.com/voltron/whoopingkof/
  • 7. "It allows third-party application servers to send lightweight messages to their Android applications"
  • 8. "C2DM makes no guarantees about delivery or the order of messages"
  • 9. "An application on an Android device doesn’t need to be running to receive messages"
  • 10. "It does not provide any built-in user interface or other handling for message data"
  • 11. "It requires devices running Android 2.2 or higher that also have the Market application installed"
  • 12. "It uses an existing connection for Google services"
  • 13. http://code.google.com/events/io/2010/sessions/push-applications-android.html
  • 14. Lifecycle Register device App server send message Device receives message Unregister device
  • 15. Register device App fires off Intent to register with Google com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTER App receives Intent with registration ID from Google com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATION App sends registration ID to app server
  • 16. Register device // Intent to register Intent regIntent = new Intent("com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTER"); // Identifies the app regIntent.putExtra("app", PendingIntent.getBroadcast(context, 0, new Intent(), 0)); // Identifies the role account, same as used when sending regIntent.putExtra("sender", senderEmail); // Start registration process context.startService(regIntent);
  • 17. Register device public void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) { if (intent.getAction().equals("...REGISTRATION")) { handleRegistration(context, intent); } } private void handleRegistration(Context context, Intent intent) { String registration = intent.getStringExtra("registration_id"); if (intent.getStringExtra("error") != null) { // Registration failed, should try again later. } else if (intent.getStringExtra("unregistered") != null) { // unregistration done } else if (registration != null) { // Send the registration ID to app server // This should be done in a separate thread. // When done, remember that all registration is done. } }
  • 18. Unregister device App fires off a unregister Intent to register with Google com. google.android.c2dm.intent.UNREGISTER App tells app server to remove the stored registration ID
  • 19. <manifest ... <application ... <service android:name=".C2DMReceiver" /> <receiver android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.C2DMBroadcastReceiv <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" / <category android:name="com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling" /> </intent-filter> <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATI <category android:name="com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling" /> </intent-filter> </receiver> </application> <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="3" android:targetSdkVersion="8" /> <permission android:name="com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling.permission. android:protectionLevel="signature" /> <uses-permission android:name="com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling.permis C2D_MESSAGE" /> <uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.REC <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" /> </manifest>
  • 20. <manifest ... <application ... <service android:name=".C2DMReceiver" /> <receiver android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.C2DMBroadcastReceive <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE" /> <category android:name=" com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling " /> </intent-filter> <intent-filter> <action android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.intent.REGISTRATIO <category android:name=" com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling " /> </intent-filter> </receiver> </application> <uses-sdk android:minSdkVersion="3" android:targetSdkVersion="8" /> <permission android:name=" com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling .permission. android:protectionLevel="signature" /> <uses-permission android:name=" com.markupartist.sthlmtraveling .permis C2D_MESSAGE" /> <uses-permission android:name="com.google.android.c2dm.permission.RECE <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" /> </manifest>
  • 21. Send Message
  • 22. Send message From the documentation: For an application server to send a message, the following things must be in place: The application has a registration ID that allows it to receive messages for a particular device. The third-party application server has stored the registration ID. There is one more thing that needs to be in place for the application server to send messages: a ClientLogin authorization token. This is something that the developer must have already set up on the application server for the application (for more discussion, see Role of the Third-Party Application Server). Now it will get used to send messages to the device. http://code.google.com/android/c2dm/index.html#lifecycle
  • 23. Send message Retrieve ac2dm auth token (put on app server) Send authenticated POST - GoogleLogin auth=<TOKEN> - URL Encoded parameters registration_id collapse_key delay_while_idle - optional data.<KEY> - optional Using cURL to interact with Google Data services: http://code.google.com/apis/gdata/articles/using_cURL.html
  • 24. ac2dm authorization token curl https://www.google.com/accounts/ClientLogin -d Email=<ACCOUNT_EMAIL> -d Passwd=<PASSWORD> -d accountType=HOSTED_OR_GOOGLE -d source=markupartist-sthlmtraveling-1 -d service=ac2dm Service SID=DQAAA... name for LSID=DQAAA... C2DM Auth=DQAAA... Authorizatio n token
  • 25. Token can change URL url = new URL(serverConfig.getC2DMUrl()); HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) url.openConnection(); ... // Check for updated token header String updatedAuthToken = conn.getHeaderField("Update-Client-Auth"); if (updatedAuthToken != null && !authToken.equals(updatedAuthToken)) { serverConfig.updateToken(updatedAuthToken); }
  • 26. Send message curl https://android.apis.google.com/c2dm/send -d registration_id=<REGISTRATION ID> -d collapse_key=foo -d data.key1=bar -d delay_while_idle=1 -H "Authorization: GoogleLogin auth=<AUTH TOKEN>" Response codes 200 OK - id=<MESSAGE ID> of sent message, success - Error=<ERROR CODE>, failed to send 401 Not Authorized 503 Service Unavailable, retry
  • 27. collapse_key Only the latest message with the same key will be delivered Avoids multiple messages of the same type to be delivered to an offline device State should be in app server and not in the message Eg. could be the URL to fetch data from
  • 28. delay_while_idle Message is not immediately sent to the device if it is idle
  • 29. Receive a message
  • 30. Receive a message Device receives the message and converts it to Intent - com.google.android.c2dm.intent.RECEIVE App wakes up to handle Intent - data.<KEY> is translated to extras curl https://android.apis.google.com/c2dm/send ... -d data.key1=bar ... protected void onReceive(Context context, Intent intent) { if (intent.getAction().equals("...RECEIVE")) { String key1 = intent.getExtras().getString("key1"); // If starting another intent here remember to set the // flag FLAG_ACTIVITY_NEW_TASK } }
  • 31. Chrome to phone http://code.google. com/p/chrometophone/source/browse/#svn/trunk/android/c2dm /com/google/android/c2dm C2DMessaging.register(context, "Role account email"); C2DMessaging.unregister(context);
  • 32. public class C2DMReceiver extends C2DMBaseReceiver { public C2DMReceiver() { super("Role account email"); } @Override public void onRegistrered(Context context, String registration) { // Handle registrations } @Override public void onUnregistered(Context context) { // Handle unregistered } @Override public void onError(Context context, String errorId) { // Handle errors } @Override public void onMessage(Context context, Intent intent) { // Handle received message. } }
  • 33. Problems Can't send message to device if logged in with the role account 401
  • 34. References http://code.google.com/android/c2dm/ http://code.google.com/events/io/2010/sessions/push- applications-android.html http://code.google.com/p/chrometophone/
  • 35. Demo http://screenr.com/QDn - http://screenr.com/ovn