"GOVERNMENT: American Period" (1898-1941) I. American Colonization Imperialist vs. Anti-Imperialist Imperialist Anti- Imperialist • Economic group • Constitutionalists • Military group • Workers • Religious group RESULT Benevolent Assimilation Refers to a proclamation about thePhilippines issued on December 21, 1898 by U.S.President William McKinley during the Philippine-American War, which followed the defeat of Spainduring the Spanish-American War. The proclamationreads in part. “Finally, it should be the earnest wish andparamount aim of the military administration to win theconfidence, respect, and affection of the inhabitants ofthe Philippines by assuring them in every possible waythat full measure of individual rights and liberties whichis the heritage of free peoples, and by proving to themthat the mission of the United States is one of
benevolent assimilation substituting the mild sway ofjustice and right for arbitrary rule. “ II. Philippine-American War The Result of McKinleys Proclamation ___________________________________________ 1. Reaction of the 7. Downfall of Filipinos Mabini against the 8. Death of Mckinley Antonio Luna Proclamation 9. Bates Treaty 2. Outbreak of the 10.Aguinaldo Philippine- Flees to the American War Mountains 3. Early Philippine 11.Battle of Tirad Setbacks Pass 4. More Filipino 12.Capture of Defeats Emilio 5. Fall of Malolos Aguinaldo 6. Initial Peace offerings of the United States
III. American Colonial Policy and PracticesMilitary Government Civil Government (Civil authority) The form of Apparatus of the administration by state other than its which an occupying military units that power exercises enforces law and government authority order over occupied Civil territory Governors Military Governor -executive authorityor Commander over the islands was -exercised all three transferred to thepowers of government president of the(Army, War, and State) Philippine Commission who had the title of "civil governor", a position o Wesley Meritt (First appointed by the Military Governor) President of the United o General Elwell S. States and approved by Otis, the United States o General Douglas Senate. McArthur (Last o William Howard Taft Military Governor) o Governor-General Henry C. Ide
o James S. Smith .During Military Government Philippine Commission
First Commission : Second Commission :Schurman Commission Taft Commission>Dr. Jacob Schurman >William Howard Taft • Establishment of • Established a judicial public schools system, including a • Establishment of civil Supreme Court, authority having a drew up a legal code bicameral legislature to replace antiquated • The implementation Spanish ordinances of needed reforms, and organized a civil and the recognition service. of the rights and • The 1901 municipal liberties of the code provided for people popularly elected presidents, vice presidents, and councilors to serve on municipal boards. The municipal board members were responsible for collecting taxes, maintaining municipal properties, and undertaking necessary construction projects; they also elected provincial governors.
During Civil Government
• Sedition Law • Recocentration Act> Prohibited any persuasion in achievingindependence be it through peaceful or > Relocated rural populations intoviolent means. overcrowded villages - newly created concentration camps. This policy was enacted to deprive rebels from acquiring peasant support. Thus, people not belonging to any concentration camps or marked villages were considered bandits and enemies of the state. • Flag Law • The Philippine Bill of 1902 /Philippine Organic Act> Prohibited the public display of anythingparticularly the Philippine flag and KKK that > known as the Cooper Act afterwould serve as reminder of freedom. its author Henry A. Cooper, was the first organic law for the____________________________________ Philippines. It provided for the creation of an elected Philippine • Brigandage Law Assembly after the following conditions were met: The cessation of the> Intended to divide the support of the people existing insurrection inagainst those who fight the Americans. the Philippine Islands; Completion and publication of a census; and Two years of continued peace and recognition of the authority of the United States of America after the publication of the census.First Philippine Assembly was devoted to itsorganization through the election of its main officers. *Sergio Osmeña -Speaker of the Assembly *Manuel Quezon –Majority Floor leader
Two Resident Commissioners to represent thePhilippines before the United States Congress. Benito Legarda Pablo OcampoSupreme Court on 1899 -First agency of the nationalgovernment, Filipinos were appointedCayetano Arellano -Appointed Chief JusticeCivil Service-One of the first law passed by the a TaftCommission, enacted on September 19,1900, was forthe maintenance of an efficient and honest civilservice in the country.-This law created a body of classified employees forall divisions, bureaus, and offices of the insular,provincial, and municipal governments.Courts of First Instance- below the Supreme Court,holding jurisdiction over judicial districts.
Political Parties Partido Nacionalista Partido Nacional Progresista >Platform was to >For independence inwork for immediate due time independence
BICAMERAL SYSTEM President Of the United StatesUnited States Congress Bicameral Legislature Philippine Commission Upper Two Filipino residents House Commissioners Civil Philippine Assembly Secretary of Finance and Justice Lower House Secretary of the Interior Majority Floor Leader Secretary of Commerce and Police Speaker of the Secretary of Public Instruction Assembly Philippine Members of the Philippine Commission
Judiciary System Supreme Legal Court Code Courts of InstanceJudicial Municipal MunicipalDistricts Code Board President Vice President Councilors
Administrative Reforms during the CivilGovernment Filipinos Educational Commerce in the Commission Progress and Labor Filipinization General Judiciary in the Government Amnesty for Filipinos Department Civil Philippine Political Parties Service AssemblyReferences:Rowena A. Pila and Orlando H. Ramos, The Rise ofThe PHILIPPINE REPUBLICWikepediaHector S. Deleon, Philippine ConstitutionTeofista Vivar,Remedios Quiray,Evelina Viloria,NeliaDela Cruz, PHILIPPINES: History and Government
“The LORD is my strength and my shield.My heart trusted him, so I received help. My heartis triumphant; I give thanks to Him with my song.” -Psalm 28:7