Prerevolutionary China was based on anagrarian economy and governed by the ideas ofConfucius (551-479 B.C.)
The Qing Manchus (1644-1911)Problems:1. Unable to respond to the needs ofa growing population for land and food.2. Imperial credibility weakened by theOpium war with Britain3. Taiping Rebellion (1850-1864)4. Defeated by Japan in the war 1894-1895)
ii. Sun Yat-sen (1866-1925)-Relied on the Military for its authority.Problems: Continuing Western inroads into China Lost Control and fell into chaos.Nationalist Party(the Guomindang)Chinese Communist PartyCCP(1921)Help…
ii. Chiang Kai-shek (1886-1975) Shanghai Massacre To unify Nationalist Legitimate GovernmentProblem:-> Doing nothing about Land reform, leavingthe peasant poor and unhappy.
iii. Mao Zedong Long March Chinese Communist Party Chiang was obliged to agree to a secondalliance. 1931 Invaded Manchuria PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA October 1, 1949, proclaimed in Beijing
An Aggressive attempt by Mao toaccelerate Chinese economicchangeMao for beingarrogant andimpatient, cameto close losingpower.Problems:
Mao ZedongCultural RevolutionLiu ShaoquidismissedLittle Red BookDeng Xiaopingdisgraced
1966-1967 The Ten Catastrophic Years Mao withdraw from Public life Zhou Enlai Began rebuilding the economy and the bureaucracyand established the collective leadership for theparty. Jiang Qing (Mao’s Widow) & 3 other radicalforms continue Maoist ideas.
Hu Yaobang –Party General Secretary Premier Zhao Ziyang Deng Xiaoping- the power behind thethrone. FITH MODERNIZATION (1978)-New ConstitutionMixture Capitalism Socialism
WOTL : Made in China China Politics and Government