Alexander the great
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Alexander the great

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    Alexander the great Alexander the great Presentation Transcript

    • English Department
    • King of Macedonia, conqueror of the Persian Empire. Alexander was born in Pella, the ancient capital of Macedonia. He was the son of Philipo II, king of Macedonia and of Olympias, a princess of Epirus.
    • Aristotles was Alexander’s tutor; he gave Alexander a through training in rethoric and literature and stimulated his interest in science, medicine, and philosophy.
    • In the summer of 336 BC Philipo II was assassinated, and Alexander ascended to the Macedonian throne. He took immediate measures to quell insurrections, both domestic and abroad, establishing himself as a powerful leader.
    • After supressing domestic rebellions in 336 BC, Alexander led his troops in campaigns against the Greece, Egypt, and Persian Empire, ruling most of the civilised world by the time.
    • He regularly defeated them and opened nearly all of the Persian Empire to Macedonians. After capturing Babylon, Susa, and Persepolis, Alexander continued to India, reaching the Hyphasis River before returning to Babylon to administer his vast empire.
    • Alexander was treated as a living good by many. He was busy with new plans, including one to improve the irrigation of the Euphrates, another to settle the coast of the Persian Gulf, and another to send out a naval expedition to explore the East Coast of Africa.
    • After a banquet in Babylon, he was suddenly taken ill. Ten days later, on June 13, 323 BC, he died of malaria. He was thirty-three years old. He had reigned for twelve years and eight months.
    • * Lea la siguiente información y luego reconozca en el mapa los lugares que se mencionan en el texto. Posteriormente identifique escribiendo las fechas.
    •  336 BC Before the end of the summer, he had restablished his position in Greece.  335 BC He carried out a successful campaign against penetrating to the Danube River.  334 BC Alexander began his war against Persia.  333 BC The Battle of Issus ended in a great victory for Alexander.  332 BC He founded, at the mouth of the Nile River, the City of Alexandria, which later became the literary, scientific, and commercial centre of the Greek world.
    • ALEXANDER’ S PLANS