Private houses• In Latin there are three words denoting housing; domus = rich city house, villa = country house and insula = apartment building.• More than 100 housing remains have been excavated in the region of Patras.• The fanciest, for the wealthy are located in Psilalonia area, while many villas were mainly found in West Achaia.
Villa rustica – Villa suburbana• In Patras even town houses (domus) have elements of country homes, therefore they are called “villae suburbanae”.• Wealthy peoples’ homes were usually of the same basic design as follows:
Building technique Opus mixtumOpus (smalltestaceum stones(bricks in alternatingeven withhorizontal horizontal Romans used all different kinds of materials and patterns courses ofcourses) bricks)
Mosaics• House walls were brightly painted and the floors were often richly decorated with mosaics.• Many mosaics captured scenes from everyday life as also geometrical patterns, flowers, animals and deities.• The picture was made up of several thousand tiny pieces of colored stone, each about 0.2 in (5mm) square. They were laid in wet plaster by expert mosaic makers.
Geometric mosaic pattern on the making. By the student A. KouzeliThe results
Geometric floor patternMade by the student D. Voutsina
Geometric floor patternMade by student I. Papadionysiou