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Roman times in Achaia, private houses, EN

Roman times in Achaia, private houses, EN

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  • 1. Private houses• In Latin there are three words denoting housing; domus = rich city house, villa = country house and insula = apartment building.• More than 100 housing remains have been excavated in the region of Patras.• The fanciest, for the wealthy are located in Psilalonia area, while many villas were mainly found in West Achaia.
  • 2. Villa rustica – Villa suburbana• In Patras even town houses (domus) have elements of country homes, therefore they are called “villae suburbanae”.• Wealthy peoples’ homes were usually of the same basic design as follows:
  • 3. Building technique Opus mixtumOpus (smalltestaceum stones(bricks in alternatingeven withhorizontal horizontal Romans used all different kinds of materials and patterns courses ofcourses) bricks)
  • 4. Non symmetrical wall pattern
  • 5. Opus quasi reticulatumSmall cubic stones unevenly arranged diagonally enclosed by bricks
  • 6. Glass window
  • 7. Terracotta oil lamp with bronze suspension hook (1st c. A.D.)Made by student E. Liana
  • 8. Antefixes With palmettes With Gorgoneion (Medusa’s head)Drawing made by student D. Voutsina
  • 9. Clay chimney coverDrawing made by I. Christidi
  • 10. Mosaics• House walls were brightly painted and the floors were often richly decorated with mosaics.• Many mosaics captured scenes from everyday life as also geometrical patterns, flowers, animals and deities.• The picture was made up of several thousand tiny pieces of colored stone, each about 0.2 in (5mm) square. They were laid in wet plaster by expert mosaic makers.
  • 11. Geometric mosaic pattern on the making. By the student A. KouzeliThe results
  • 12. Geometric floor patternMade by the student D. Voutsina
  • 13. Geometric floor patternMade by student I. Papadionysiou
  • 14. Geometric mosaic floor
  • 15. Plain mosaic of cheap pebbles without pattern
  • 16. Mosaic floor with proverbial inscriptions and fishes, 3rd c. A.D., Kanari str.«Κλειδίον εάναπολζσης γείνεται» = ifyou lose your key, youcan make a new one mo Made by the student A. Kousoula
  • 17. Mosaic with fishes and birds. 2nd c. A.D., Sisini Str.
  • 18. Mosaic with god Panas treading grapesand inscription, 3rd c. A.D., Karolou str.
  • 19. The three Graces dancing around an open altarwith offerings. 2nd–3rd c. A.D., Agiou Dimitriou str.
  • 20. Copy of the mosaic made of glass pebbles by the student D. Bakas, 11th grade1st price in contest “Traveling all over ancient Achaia”, organized by the Archeological Museum of Patras, February 2012
  • 21. Mosaic, 2nd c.A.D., Psilalonia.Venus holding amirror: her nakedbody was coweredwith a dress afternew work wascarried out on themosaic duringearly Christianity.
  • 22. Mosaic. Triton who is riding a seahorse surrounded by guilloche, lateRoman period, Nikita str.
  • 23. Wells. Fragment of a stone rectangular well rim.Made by the student A. Spetsieris
  • 24. Well (?) found in upper town of Patras
  • 25. Clay pipesMade by student A. Kouzeli
  • 26. Part of roman sewage system network in upper town of Patras
  • 27. Roman sewage system network - Detail Some of these pipes are still in use today!!!