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Learning Through Open Educational Resources
 

Learning Through Open Educational Resources

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This is a step by step guides for educators to use Open Educational Resources available in the Internet for learning purposes.

This is a step by step guides for educators to use Open Educational Resources available in the Internet for learning purposes.

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    Learning Through Open Educational Resources Learning Through Open Educational Resources Document Transcript

    • Learning Through Open Educational Resources Johan Eddy Luaran i-Learn Center Universiti Teknologi MARA 2013
    • First published 2013 All right reserved. No part of this publication may reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic or mechanical including photocopying, recorded or by any storage information or retrival system, without the prior permission from the author. Learning Through Open Educational Resources Johan Eddy Luaran
    • TABLE OF CONTENTS CHAPTER 1: CURRIKI What is Curriki?....................................................................................................................... Benefits Currikki Offers........................................................................................................... Get Started.............................................................................................................................. References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 2: YOUTUBE EDU What is Youtube Edu?............................................................................................................. Benefits Youtube Edu Offers.................................................................................................. Get Started.............................................................................................................................. References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 3: WIKI What is Wiki?........................................................................................................................... Types of Wiki............................................................................................................................ Wikipedia................................................................................................................................. Wikinews.................................................................................................................................. Wikisource............................................................................................................................... Wikiversity............................................................................................................................... Wiktionary................................................................................................................................ Wikidata................................................................................................................................... Wikiquote................................................................................................................................. Wikibooks................................................................................................................................. Wikivoyage............................................................................................................................... Get Started.............................................................................................................................. References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 4: KHAN ACADEMY What is Khan Academy?.......................................................................................................... Benefits Khan Academy Offers................................................................................................ Get Started.............................................................................................................................. References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 5: STANFORD ENGINEERING EVERYWHERE What is Stanford Engineering Everywhere?............................................................................ Benefits Stanford Engineering Everywhere Offers.................................................................. Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 6: MIT OPEN COURSEWARE What is MIT Open Courseware?.............................................................................................. Benefits MIT Open Courseware Offers.................................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... 1 1 2 6 7 7 8 12 13 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 25 26 30 31 31 32 34 35 35 36 39
    • CHAPTER 7: BBC LEARNING What is BBC Learning?............................................................................................................. Benefits BBC Learning Offers................................................................................................... Get Started.............................................................................................................................. References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 8: ENCYCLOPEDIA OF LIFE (EOL) What is Encyclopedia of Life (EOL)?......................................................................................... Benefits Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) Offers............................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 9: WATCHKNOWLEARN What is WatchKnowLearn?...................................................................................................... Benefits WatchKnowLearn Offers............................................................................................ Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 10: VIMEO EDUCATION What is Vimeo?........................................................................................................................ Benefits Vimeo Education Offers............................................................................................. Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 11: KNOWMIA What is Knowmia? Benefits Knowmia Offers Get Started.............................................................................................................................. References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 12: CITIZENDIUM What is Citizendium?............................................................................................................... Benefits Citizendium Offers..................................................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 13: INTERNET ARCHIVE What is Internet Archive?........................................................................................................ Benefits Internet Archive Offers.............................................................................................. Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 14: HISTORY PIN What is History Pin?................................................................................................................. Benefits History Pin Offers...................................................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 15: CK-12 What is CK-12?......................................................................................................................... Benefits CK-12 Offers............................................................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... 40 40 41 43 44 44 45 47 48 48 49 52 53 53 54 56 57 57 58 62 63 63 64 66 67 67 68 71 72 72 73 77 78 78 79 81
    • CHAPTER 16: TEACHERTUBE What is TeacherTube?............................................................................................................. Benefits TeacherTube Offers................................................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 17: SMARTHISTORY What is SmartHistory?............................................................................................................. Benefits SmartHistory Offers................................................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 18: SCHOOLTUBE What is SchoolTube?................................................................................................................ Benefits SchoolTube Offers...................................................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 19: PBS LEARNING MEDIA What is PBS Learning Media?.................................................................................................. Benefits PBS Learning Media Offers........................................................................................ Get Started.............................................................................................................................. References............................................................................................................................... CHAPTER 20: NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC EDUCATION What is National Geographic Education?................................................................................ Benefits National Geographic Education Offers...................................................................... Get Started............................................................................................................................... References............................................................................................................................... 82 82 83 87 88 88 89 90 91 91 92 94 95 95 96 99 100 100 101 103
    • Curriki What is Curriki? Curriki is an open community of educators, parents, and students who share Open Educational Resources. It has been curating best in class learning materials since 2006. According to Wikipedia (2012), Curriki's model is to develop curricula through community contributors, and to deliver curricula and open educational resources globally. Anyone with access to the Internet can contribute and use the material found on Curriki to teach themselves or others. Since the materials, which include digital textbooks, learning videos, and interactive resources, are provided in open source, they can be adapted as needed to particular requirements inside or outside of the classroom. http://www.curriki.org/ Benefits Curriki offers 1. Membership benefits By creating an account, users would be able to better manage their activities on the site. 2. Detailed search options Not only are the resources available on this site categorized well into subjects, topics, educational level, and features, but users are also able to customize their search using the Search Tip box. This makes searching for contents easy and systematic. 3. Content publisher Users are given the liberty to publish, edit and even create their own collection of resources to be shared with others on the site. This helps build the library of resources and promotes it to be continuously advantageous to both teachers and parents alike. 4. Downloadable content Some of the resources are available for downloading. However, this feature is only made possible once users are logged in. 5. Interactivity Users may share feedbacks and thoughts on the content of the site through groups and messaging as well as blogging features. 1
    • 6. Mailing list By subscribing to the mailing list, users may receive updates on the site and its contents instantly. Get started! Go to http://www.curriki.org/ Create an account 2
    • 3
    • Browse for resources Once you have registered an account, go back to the homepage and click on Resources and Curricular. Choose to browse the resources according to topics, educational level or special features. Begin browsing through the array of resources available. Click on a title to view. 4
    • You may narrow down the search results by filling in the details in the Search Tips box above. View content 5
    • Download content Be noted that you may only download contents once you have registered and logged into your Curriki account. References 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Curriki 2. http://www.curriki.org/ 3. http://www.slideshare.net/thinkict/curriki-features 6
    • Youtube Edu What is Youtube Edu? Youtube Edu is a faction of the popular video sharing site, Youtube which acts as an online storage for millions of videos (Youtube, 2013) contributed by not only individuals but organizations, institutions and even political parties worldwide. Youtube Edu specifically focuses on educational content in the form of videos for people to “discover, create and share” regardless of whether one is a learner, educator, parent or institution. Many educators have sought for resources available on Youtube Edu to supplement their classroom activities and this is made even more possible considering the vast variety of topics made available on the site (Wikipedia, 2013). Many features on Youtube (and Vimeo) actually promote learning to a wider audience as they encourage sharing and interacting between users. http://www.youtube.com/education Benefits Youtube Edu offers 1. Membership benefits Members are granted various benefits such as being able to upload contents into the site, subscribe to channels, leave comments on other videos as well as rate materials on the site. 2. Detailed search options Not only are users able to search up keywords in order to find what they are looking for, they may also browse by education level such as university level, K-12 or even lifelong learning videos. 3. Content publisher Signed in members are allowed to publish their own contents into the site by following a few simple steps. 4. Wide content coverage Resources are vast and varied in terms of subjects and grade level they appeal to. This is especially because its users make up of not only individuals but also schools and universities as well. 5. Interactivity Once signed in, users may leave their comments and express their thoughts on any video on the site. 7
    • Get started! Go to http://www.youtube.com/education Browse for resources To begin searching for resources, users may opt to either use the search bar, filter by categories or browse through the various thumbnails featured throughout the site. 8
    • View content Upload a video In order to upload content, users must be logged into a Google account. 9
    • If you opted to create a new account, just fill in the required fields and follow the steps shown. Once you have signed into your Google account, you are ready to upload a video! You may select 1 or more videos to be uploaded. 10
    • Once the upload is completed, click on the link given to view. 11
    • References 1. http://www.youtube.com/education 2. https://support.google.com/youtube/answer/2685809?hl=en 12
    • Wiki What is Wiki? A wiki is usually a web application, which allows people to add, modify, or delete content in collaboration with others. Text is usually written using a simplified mark up language or a rich-text editor. While a wiki is a type of content management system, it differs from a blog and others as such system in that the content is created without any defined owner or leader, and wikis have little implicit structure, allowing structure to emerge according to the needs of the users. The encyclopaedia project- Wikipedia, is the most famous wiki on the public web, but there are many sites running many different kinds of wiki software. Wikis can serve many different purposes both public and private, including knowledge management, note taking, community websites and intranets. Some permit control over different functions (levels of access). For example, editing rights may permit changing, adding or removing material. Others may permit access without enforcing access control. Other rules may also be imposed to organize content. Types of Wiki 13
    • Wikipedia Wikipedia is an online encyclopaedia built to act as a reference medium that is readily available for free. Its content is contributed by a global community of volunteers as it is open for anyone to update and edit. As of today, Wikipedia (2013) reports to have over 30 million articles stored in 287 languages. It is no surprise that this site is ranked among the top 10 biggest and most popular online reference by Alexa, a company known for providing reliable internet traffic data. http://en.wikipedia.org/ 14
    • Wikinews Wikinews is a wiki project launched by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to provide free news reports to internet users anywhere (Wikipedia, 2013). Its content is collected based on “collaborative journalism” or “citizen journalism” which means that anyone with access to the internet is allowed to contribute to the site. However, Wikinews makes it a policy to maintain a neutral point of view in their news articles. Wikinews has made remarkable news coverage over the years, especially in events which implicate large populations of people such as natural disasters. (Thelwall et al., 2013). http://en.wikinews.org/ 15
    • Wikisource Wikisource is an online library specifically hosting contents that are of textual sources. These materials are often scanned from their original copies and uploaded into the digital library, allowing it to reach a wider scope of audience. While several criticisms have been made regarding the credibility and reliability of its content, Wikisource have been cited by large organizations including the National Archives and Records Administration (Wikipedia, 2013). While the larger faction of its contents is made up of texts, Wikisource also holds a collection of comics, films and audio books as well. http://en.wikisource.org/ 16
    • Wikiversity Wikiversity is a project by the Wikimedia Foundation that focuses on hosting contents that are tailored for educational use. It is largely referred to by educators and students as it provides tutorials and courses that are more familiar to the courses taught in class. It aims to offer free educational content in a multitude of language translations, covering topics befitting students of all grade levels (Wikipedia, 2013). http://en.wikiversity.org/ 17
    • Wiktionary Wiktionary, coming from the word dictionary, offers a free multilingual dictionary to everyone. While it currently bears word translations and explanations from 158 languages including “Simple English”, it aims to further grow in terms of language coverage, hoping to be able to host translations of all words in all the languages of the world. On top of that, its English contents also offer a Wikisaurus (thesaurus) feature which entails synonyms of each word. http://en.wiktionary.org/ 18
    • Wikidata Wikidata is a repository for all the data keyed into the various Wikimedia wiki projects. This relatively new project was set up to create a centralised base for all the links to articles and pages published on the other wiki sites. Due to the fact that the collection of articles in the Wikimedia wikis has grown incredibly massive, Wikidata aims to string these different articles from the different wikis under the topics they cover. This way, by searching the topic “History”, for example, Wikidata would direct users to a page listing down all the different articles published in all the other sites and in all the languages available in. In simpler terms, Wikidata may be understood as a one-stop directory to all the articles published in all the types of wiki projects by the Wikimedia Foundation. http://en.wikidata.org/ 19
    • Wikiquote Wikiquote is an online wiki project that concentrates on collecting quotations from notable “people, books, films and proverbs” that is collaboratively contributed by its users. While there many reference platforms for quotes online already exist, Wikiquote provides cross-links to the Wikipedia pages of its quote sources. This would largely ease users in finding out more about the prominent figures who came up with the quotes as everything is interconnected within the vast Wikimedia libraries. http://en.wikiquote.org/ 20
    • Wikibooks Wikibooks is a store of open-content textbooks (Wikibooks, 2013). As the term textbook may be open to various interpretations, Wikibooks notes down that only specific books with features of “annotated texts, instructional guides and manuals” are relevant to this site. This helps to distinguish the contents from those acceptable in Wikisource and those that belong here. The resources available on this site may be used for both formal learning as well as informal or self-learning purposes. http://en.wikibooks.org/ 21
    • Wikivoyage Wikivoyage is an online-based travel directory that covers not only travel destinations but travel topics of discussions as well. This Wikimedia project is, like most others, a result of collaborative journalism by users from all across the globe. According to Wikipedia (2013), the contents of this site’s materials are divided into broad categories including destinations and itineraries. These contents may be adapted and tailored in various ways to be a contributing aid to any classroom teaching, especially for subjects like language and social studies. Wikivoyage is also available in nine different languages with English being its users’ most preferred language. http://en.wikivoyage.org/ 22
    • Get started! Browse for resources Whether it is Wikipedia, Wikiversity or any other types of Wiki, one feature that is common among all the Wikis is its search tool. Every Wiki site features a Search bar, usually located on the top right corner of the page which allows users to key in words related to the content they wish to search for. By doing so, users may either be automatically directed into a specific page most related to the keyword(s), or be given a list of suggested pages which may be related to the keyword(s) entered. 23
    • References 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikinews http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikisources http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikiversity http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wiktionary http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikidata http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikiquote http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Wikibooks: What_is_Wikibooks http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikivoyage 24
    • Khan Academy What is Khan Academy? Khan Academy is a non-profit making organization that aims to provide quality education online to simply anyone. According to Wikipedia (2013), the site now holds a library “of more than 4,500” educational resources in the forms of video lessons stored on the popular video sharing site, YouTube teaching various subjects from mathematics to art history. All in which may be accessed online by the public at no charge at all. https://www.khanacademy.org/ Benefits Khan Academy offers 1. Membership benefits Members of the site are entitled to features that expand beyond merely discovering resources on the site. Teachers are allowed to create classes, design course contents, set up tests among others while students and parents are granted features that suit them. 2. Detailed search options Searching for contents are made easy and direct with the search options available on this site. Users are allowed to browse by categories, filter their search results as well as search for related topics without hassle. 3. Wide content coverage Materials made available by Khan Academy covers 8 broad topics familiar to both school teachers and students with a long list of subtopics under each area. 4. Interactivity Users may interact and discuss with each other once they are signed in which promotes collaborative learning and expands the possibility of discovering new things. 5. Mailing list Users may easily subscribe to any particular topic or content category they are interested in by clicking the Subscribe button featured throughout the site. 25
    • Get started! Go to https://www.khanacademy.org/ Create an account 26
    • An email will be sent to you for verification purposes. Open this email and click on the link given. 27
    • Browse for resources Once your sign up is complete, you will be directed to your user dashboard. Follow the following steps to begin browsing for resources from this dashboard. 28
    • View content 29
    • Interact with others to gain more information References 1. https://www.khanacademy.org/about 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khan_Academy 30
    • Stanford Engineering Everywhere What is Stanford Engineering Everywhere? Stanford Engineering Everywhere (SEE) began as a project to offer certain course contents by Stanford’s School of Engineering to its students online, free of charge. It collects and currently holds a library of materials that can be benefitted by not only students, but educators as well. These materials include “instructional videos, reading lists and assignments” (Wikipedia, 2013), readily available for anyone to view. The resources available on this site include that of the three-course Introduction to Computer Science, a most popular course among its student body (SEE, 2013). http://see.stanford.edu/ Benefits Stanford Engineering Everywhere offers 1. Downloadable content Resources available on this site are most often made downloadable for the benefit of all its users. The no hassle, one click download process is another proof of SEE’s charitable intentions of providing education to everyone everywhere. 2. Variety of material type Resources may be found in various forms including texts, tutorials, as well as audio and visual clips. 31
    • Get Started! Go to http://see.stanford.edu/ Browse for resources 32
    • View content 33
    • Download content As most of the content of this site may be viewed in PDF format, they may be downloaded. Simply open the content in PDF format and click the download button as shown below. References 1. http://see.stanford.edu/ 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stanford_Engineering_Everywhere 34
    • MIT Open Courseware What is MIT Open Courseware? MIT Open Courseware (MIT OCW) is Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) effort to provide an online source to its library of educational resources from its undergraduate and graduate-level courses. The materials may be accessed by anyone partly for free of charge and has been a great support to students all over the world. It was recorded that more than 2080 courses have been made available in this site as of November 2011 (Wikipedia, 2013) which includes materials such as reading lists, interactive web demonstrations, textbooks and even video lectures. It was also noted that at least 46 of these courses offered comprehensive video lectures that may be viewed and downloaded for offline viewing. http://ocw.mit.edu/ Benefits MIT Open Courseware offers 1. Detailed search options MIT OCW offers an interesting method of filtering your search results in which users are to follow a three step process; firstly in picking the topic of interest, next a subtopic and finally a specialty. This ensures that the final listing of results provided is tailored well to fit users’ requirements. 2. Downloadable content Most of the contents on this site are made downloadable and not only that, instructions to download materials are also clearly defined so users can easily identify whether content may or may not be downloaded. 3. Variety of material type MIT OCW offers various types of resources including the basic media types such as audio and video clips, texts as well as detailed course contents and lectures. 4. Wide content coverage The resources are stringed under various categories of subjects and subtopics that would appeal to not only college level students and educators but advanced school members as well. 35
    • 5. Mailing list Anyone interested may subscribe to MIT OCW mailing list to receive updates on the site’s latest changes and upgrades. No membership sign up is required for this feature. Get Started! Go to http://ocw.mit.edu/ 36
    • Browse for resources 37
    • View content Download content 38
    • References 3. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIT_OpenCourseWare 4. http://ocw.mit.edu/ 39
    • BBC Learning What is BBC Learning? BBC Learning is part of BBC’s ambition and wide efforts to spread education and “inspire a life of learning for everyone” (BBC, 2013). In doing so, they uncover the learning potential within all kinds of materials including news, music, science, art and sports among others. This helped built the massive collection of free educational resources for learners of all ages that is made accessible via its website. Therefore, parents, teachers, learners, and schools may all benefit from the millions of resources made available online to improve teaching and learning. BBC has made it a point to benefit from the technology revolution today and bring about a channel compiling audio and video materials to enrich the learning process. http://www.bbc.co.uk/learning/ Benefits BBC Learning offers 1. Detailed search options BBC Learning offers one of the most detailed search options where users may either browse through the multitude of categories listed including subjects, age level, education level and topics or use the search bar to find materials related to specific keywords. 2. Downloadable content Most of the contents on this site are made downloadable by anyone without having to sign up. Text materials are usually presented in PDF forms so users may download instantly into their computer instead of having to copy and paste the content to retrieve it. 3. Variety of material type Resources are available in almost all the media forms offered by every other site; which includes audio clips, videos, graphics, texts, lesson plans and even games. 4. Wide content coverage Resources on this site are not limited to any age group or subject. Aside from standard school subjects alone, this site also offers commercial media contents such as movies and cartoon clips along with a lesson plan to help teachers make use of the material for educational purposes. 40
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.bbc.co.uk/learning Browse for resources 41
    • View content Clicking a title would open up its content page. While the interface of each content page may have slight differences, they would usually have links to assist navigation. 42
    • Download content References 1. http://www.bbc.co.uk/learning/ 2. http://www.bbc.co.uk/learning/overview/ 43
    • EOL – Encyclopedia of Life What is EOL? Encyclopedia of Life (EOL) is an online encyclopedia that focuses on building a limitless collection of “videos, sounds, images, graphics as well as texts” on the millions of “living species known to science” (Wikipedia, 2013). In doing so, collaborative efforts have been made by professionals and non-professionals to compile and contribute their resources for everyone. Among the contributors is Biodiversity Heritage Library, an organization that specializes in digitizing printed texts from major natural history libraries from all over the world. EOL continues to grow with the support of various global institutions and organizations. On top of all this, the site offers its contents for free for anyone and encourages its viewers to also participate in its growth by uploading their own contents. http://www.eol.org/ Benefits EOL offers 1. Membership benefits Members of the EOL community are given the advantage of contributing to the site, managing their uploaded contents, leaving comments and rating contents throughout eol.org. 2. Detailed search options Not only may users use keywords to search for their desired contents, they are also allowed to filter their search results by choosing the type of material they wish to find. Also, each item is conveniently linked to another making browsing through the site a simple task to do. 3. Content publisher Users are allowed to upload content as long as they have joined the EOL community and are logged in. 4. Downloadable content While not everything on the site is downloadable, most of the contents may easily be copied and saved into the computer using the basic right-click option. 5. Variety of material type EOL offers different types of materials including texts, photos, videos and audio clips. 44
    • 6. Interactivity Users may interact with one another using the commenting and messaging system offered. This allows for easy discussions between the members of the EOL community. Get Started! Go to http://www.eol.org/ Create an account While users do not necessarily need an account to browse and gain resources from this site, they would need to have one and be signed in to contribute to the contents of the site. 45
    • Browse for resources 46
    • View content References 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclopedia_of_Life 2. http://eol.org/ 47
    • WatchKnowLearn What is WhatKnowLearn? WatchKnowLearn is an online repository built especially for educators to “store, categorize and rate the best K-12 educational videos on the Internet” (WatchKnowLearn, 2013). Through its free, online domain, around 50,000 educational videos are made available for simply anyone to view. The contents are well categorized for ease of browsing so parents and teachers alike can search for resources and educational materials to enhance their children’s learning and classroom activities respectively. An article on Education World, a website dedicated to provide insights and reviews on education for teachers to share and discuss, has rated WatchKnowLearn with 4 out of 5 stars for various reasons including it up-to-date wiki system that is organized by real teachers, its comprehensive and innovative directory system as well as “excellent videos that have been vetted by educators”. http://www.watchknowlearn.org/ Benefits WatchKnowLearn offers 1. Membership benefits Members are entitled to do more with WatchKnowLearn whereby they can upload and manage their contents on the site, interact and share their thoughts on materials and provide ratings. 2. Detailed search options The search options on this site are, like many others, divided into both search bars for keywords as well as detailed topic categorization. However, on top of those, WatchKnowLearn also allows users to adjust a separate age filter while browsing for their contents to further filter their search results. 3. Content publisher Users are allowed to upload and contribute their own content to the site’s collection once they are signed in. 4. Wide content coverage WatchKnowLearn offers age-specific contents under a multitude of topics familiar to school standards. 48
    • 5. Interactivity Signed in users may leave their thoughts and start a discussion on each of the material uploaded to the site. Get Started! Go to http://www.watchknowlearn.org/ Create an account 49
    • Browse for resources 50
    • View content Upload content 51
    • References 1. http://www.watchknowlearn.org/ 2. http://www.educationworld.com/a_tech/site-reviews/watch-know-learn.shtml 52
    • Vimeo Education What is Vimeo? Vimeo is a video sharing website where anyone can upload, share and watch videos for free (Wikipedia, 2013). According to Jisc Digital Media (2013), the site used to be more largely utilized by those in the creative industry than any other line of work. However, as an effort to promote the use of Vimeo beyond this line, various categories have been created to better organize the videos for the benefit of everyone in general. Among the various headings, a category entitled “Education and DIY” has received incredible response with a count of approximately 42,300 videos thus far (Vimeo, 2013). These videos include not only uploads by individual accounts, but also lessons, lectures and community messages from various learning institutions. http://www.vimeo.com/categories/education Benefits Vimeo Education offers 1. Membership benefits Once signed in, members are allowed to interact, subscribe to videos, upload contents and rate materials on the site. 2. Detailed search options Users may use keywords to look for various related videos and they may also browse the site according to various categories to identify the videos most suitable for their viewing and reference. 3. Content publisher Signed in users may upload their own content into the site and be available for public viewing. However, this is a member’s only feature and users would have to create an account beforehand. 4. Wide content coverage The resources on this site are varied in terms of subjects and age level appeal. Instead of standard school subjects alone, Vimeo also offers tutorials on various DIY (do-it-yourself) projects. 53
    • 5. Interactivity Users are permitted to engage in discussions by leaving comments on any video available in the site. Get Started! Go to www.vimeo.com/categories/education Browse for resources 54
    • View content Share content Vimeo allows users to easily share videos with others through several channels. 55
    • References 1. http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/guide/youtube-vimeo-education 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vimeo 3. http://vimeo.com/categories/education 56
    • Knowmia What is Knowmia? Knowmia is a free, online source of learning that brings forward “short video lessons from great teachers everywhere” (Knowmia, 2013). By providing concise, comprehensive and interactive resources, the site not only targets to make learning effective but also fun and time-efficient. Its features and directories are appealing and user-friendly while its materials have reached an approximate count of 15,000, making it a preferred open educational resource for educators worldwide. Besides that, teachers are also offered many extra features to manage their lessons and findings on the site to further enhance their teaching in school. As of today, Knowmia holds thousands of materials that expand not only between subjects but also ages and grade levels. http://www.knowmia.com/ Benefits Knowmia offers 1. Membership benefits Knowmia offers many advantages to its site members especially teachers. Registering as a teacher on this site would allow users to manage their own classes, learn how to use videos in their teaching in many interactive ways, stay updated on the upgrades of the site and many more. 2. Detailed search options Users may type in keywords into the search bar to look for various related videos and they may also browse the site according to various categories to identify the videos most suitable for their viewing and reference. 3. Wide content coverage The resources on this site cater to a large number of subjects that are taught in school. However, as the site is designed to adapt to the standard American schooling system, the contents are designed to match that of the course contents taught in American schools only. Nevertheless, local users may find related useful resources for various contents. 57
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.knowmia.com 58
    • Browse for resources 59
    • View content 60
    • Share content Do more as a teacher 61
    • References 1. http://www.knowmia.com/ 2. http://edtechreview.in/news/news/products-apps-tools/446-knowmia-great-site-and-appfor-flipping-lessons 62
    • Citizendium What is Citizendium? Citizendium is a repository of structured knowledge, designed to offer comprehensive and reliable resources for free to the public. According to Citizendium.org, this wiki project collects materials from the public for the public as they hold strong to the principles of trust and respect among the community of contributors and expect everyone to be responsible for their own piece of contribution. On top of that, this site also welcomes experts to participate in overseeing its knowledge organization to maintain a reliable source of information. This online encyclopedia offers thousands of resources in the form of articles which may contain links to media resources hosted outside of Citizendium. This allows learners and educators alike to search for related resources without being limited to the resources available on this website alone. http://en.citizendium.org/ Benefits Citizendium offers 1. Membership benefits Members are allowed to publish and edit contents on this site. They are also permitted to manage their uploaded contents. 2. Detailed search options Users may opt to search using the search bar available on this site or to begin browsing through one of the six broad subjects featured on its homepage. Users will be able to filter their search results several times to help narrow down their findings. 3. Variety of material types The contents on this site may exist in the form of texts, videos, audio clips and even web pages. 4. Content publisher Once signed up and logged in, users can easily upload a material into the site for others to refer to. 5. Wide content coverage Although the categories presented in this site is a lot less compared to others, they make up very broad areas of studies that allows the site to host thousands of articles covering vast subjects that would either way be able to fit under one of the six prescribed categories. 63
    • Get Started! Go to http://en.citizendium.org Browse for resources 64
    • View content 65
    • Contribute to content References 1. http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/Welcome_to_Citizendium 2. http://en.citizendium.org/ 66
    • Internet Archive What is Internet Archive? Internet Archive is a free and permanent online storage, as its name suggests, for various forms of materials including video, audio, graphic and text files. It aims to create an Internet library for anyone to access references on historical collections, literature, lessons and the list goes on. With audio and video resources becoming more popular, the site has then introduced specific categories in their directory to assist users in locating media files on the internet easily. According to Wikipedia (2013), Internet Archive’s WayBack Machine feature holds over 150 billion web captures that may be accessed through a simple search tool. On top of that, this site also offers special feature that caters to the visually impaired and people with other disabilities. These extra features are one of the reasons why Internet Archive is sought after and utilized by thousands of people daily. http://www.archive.org/ Benefits Internet Archive offers 1. Membership benefits Members are allowed to publish and edit contents on this site. They are also entitled to managing their uploaded contents. 2. Detailed search options Users may opt to search for a specific type of material or a specific topic or category to ensure their search results are benefitting and befitting their needs. This would help save a lot of browsing time. 3. Variety of material types The contents on this site may exist in the form of texts, videos, audio clips and even web pages. 4. Content publisher Once signed up and logged in, users can easily upload a material into the site for others to refer to. 5. Downloadable content Though some resources are available for download, the site is not very much userfriendly in this term as the download section appears on every page regardless of whether or not an item is actually downloadable. 6. Wide content coverage The Internet Archive is home to billions of reference materials that covers a massive range of topics and categories, indeed not limited to traditional school subjects. 67
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.archive.org/ Create an account 68
    • An email will be sent to you for verification purposes. View this email and click the link provided. Once your account is created, simply log in to continue. Browse for resources 69
    • View content Upload content Note that you must be logged in in order to upload content. 70
    • References 1. http://archive.org/ 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Archive 71
    • History Pin What is History Pin? History Pin may be easily understood as a massive, digital photo pin board where over 200,000 materials have been uploaded and “pinned” to the site’s map (Wikipedia, 2013). Photos and other media forms are uploaded by its voluntary users to be shared with the world. Each material may be pinned according to geographical setting, date as well as event. The site describes itself as bringing together people from various generation, backgrounds, cultures and locations to share bits of their pasts and help construct “the huge story of human history” (History Pin, 2013). Aside from still images alone, audio files and videos may also be uploaded here to further expand this collection of resources and not limited to photographs alone. Users may view, contribute, comment on and learn from the various materials shared by others even from their mobile devices as History Pin is now available as a smartphone application. http://www.historypin.com/ Benefits History Pin offers 1. Membership benefits The easy sign up process is evidently a window towards the user-friendly nature of History Pin. Once a user is signed up and logged in, they are permitted to upload contents to be shared with others, interact and leave comments. 2. Detailed search options The search options on this site can be divided into several categories including geographical setting, event and year. Users may also opt to explore the site by typing in a specific place or event in the search bar. 3. Variety of material type Materials available on this site include audio clips, videos and graphic images. Though textual resources are not formally available, users may gain much information from the captions and comments that others leave on the materials. 4. Content publisher Anyone who is signed in may contribute to the library of resources on this site by following a simple four-step uploading process. 5. Interactivity Users may engage in conversation threads with the fellow members of the History Pin community through a messaging and commenting system. 6. Mailing list Users may keep themselves updated by subscribing to the newsletter via email. 72
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.historypin.com/ Create an account 73
    • Browse for resources 74
    • View content 75
    • Upload content Note that you must be logged in to upload content. 76
    • References 1. http://www.historypin.com/ 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Historypin 77
    • CK-12 What is CK-12? CK-12 is a US-based, non-profit making organization that aims to provide K-12 education which is easily accessible and free of charge to anyone worldwide. Wikipedia (2013) described it as a prominent open educational resource provider for various apparent reasons. This user-friendly website offers thousands of materials in various media forms that are customizable and adaptable to fit any curriculum standard or course requirement, allowing both students and teachers to tailor to their respective needs. While it is more inclined towards resources for mathematics and science subjects, they now also offer materials on other subjects such as history, art, language and even engineering. Users may also access an SAT preparation test to gauge their subject matter comprehension. http://www.ck12.org/ Benefits CK-12 offers 1. Membership benefits Upon registration, members are required to identify whether they are teachers or students. This allows CK-12 to offer each member features that would suit their needs and practices best. 2. Detailed search options Users may key in a topic of interest in the search bar and later filter through the results, or they may also opt to search by subjects and topics that are available in clear thumbnails right on the site’s homepage. 3. Content publisher Members are granted the permission to contribute to the collection of resources on the site. They are also able to manage their uploads by attaching files to make them more resourceful. 4. Wide content coverage While CK-12 is more focused on mathematics and science topics, providing a massive collection of resources on hundreds of subtopics, they have also created categories for other subjects including language and history to broaden their scope of resources. 5. Interactivity Signed in users may leave comments to share their thoughts or add information to an existing material. 78
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.ck12.org/ Browse for resources 79
    • View content 80
    • Share content References 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ck-12 2. http://www.ck12.org 81
    • TeacherTube What is TeacherTube? TeacherTube was inspired by the famous video-hosting site, Youtube. It began as an idea by several educators to create a video sharing website that focuses specifically on educationally relevant videos for students, teachers, and parents to learn from, refer to and use as resources or teaching and learning materials wherever they are. These user-uploaded videos are free to be viewed by anyone. Users are encouraged to be interactive and share their thoughts on the materials they view. It aims to not only promote lifelong learning but also self-initiated learning, especially among students (TeacherTube, 2013). Hosting the videos online also allows users to access it at their convenience. TeacherTube notes their users as a big faction of the growth of the website and encourages more schools and even universities to join this community. http://www.teachertube.com/ Benefits Teacher Tube offers 1. Membership benefits Like most sites, members on TeacherTube are allowed to upload and manage contents on the website. They may also leave comments, subscribe to and rate videos of other users. 2. Detailed search options A simple search bar is available for users to type in the keywords that are relevant to the content they wish to find. On top of that, they may also browse for resources through the website’s categories according to subjects and topics among others. They also offer links to partner channels for users to continue searching. 3. Variety of material types TeacherTube offers resources ranging from audio and video clips to reading materials, lesson plans and photos. 4. Content Publisher Signed in members are allowed to upload contents into the accounts for public viewing. 5. Downloadable content Users are allowed to download certain contents once they are signed into their accounts on TeacherTube. However, the owner of the video may opt to not allow the video to be downloadable. 6. Wide content coverage TeacherTube is limited by neither topics nor education level. Instead, they provide a long list of collections or categories that users may browse through which includes topics from health and social studies to world languages, grade levels from primary school to university and even a category specifically for student products. 82
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.teachertube.com/ 83
    • Create an account An email will be sent to you. Open this email to retrieve the Activation code. Follow these steps shown below. 84
    • Paste the Activation code in the box provided as shown below. Browse for resources 85
    • View content Share content Upload content Note that you must be logged in to upload content. 86
    • References 1. http://www.teachertube.com/ 2. http://www.teachertube.com/view_page.php?pid=1 87
    • SmartHistory What is SmartHistory? SmartHistory is an extension project by the non-profit organization, Khan Academy which focuses on open educational contents specifically related to art history. With materials being shared by experts of art historian from all over the globe, students and general users are entitled to a free access to various resources which includes close to 500 videos translated into a multitude of different languages (SmartHistory, 2013). These videos are also made available via the Khan Academy application for mobile devices. This site makes browsing for resources flexible as they offer several different categories to browse from including dates, world eras, settings and art themes. This makes it easy for students and teachers to identify a specific content to assist in their teaching and learning processes. http://khan.smarthistory.org/ Benefits SmartHistory offers 1. Detailed search options Users may opt for a number of methods to search for the right content that fits their needs. This includes a search bar for instant keyword search as well as several detailed and comprehensive categories that are available in simple dropdown menu form. 2. Interactivity Users may leave comments regarding a resource without having to sign up for a membership on this site. Instead, they will only need to fill in their name and email address as they leave their comment and enter a captcha code to avoid computerized spamming. 3. Mailing list Users may subscribe to a mailing list to receive content updates via email. 88
    • Get Started! Go to http://khan.smarthistory.org Browse for resources 89
    • View content Share content References 1. http://khan.smarthistory.org/about-smarthistory.html 2. http://khan.smarthistory.org/ 90
    • School Tube What is School Tube? SchoolTube is yet again another video sharing website but with a twist in its features. Unlike TeacherTube, Youtube or Vimeo where any user is entitled to run their own channel and upload contents freely, SchoolTube makes a school channel official by requiring every school to be registered before contents are uploaded. This way, each school channel would have both student and teacher accounts representing them and while students are allowed to upload contents, teachers are required to monitor these uploads to ensure that they are relevant to education in one way or another. Due to this systematic filtering feature, SchoolTube is granted access in many institutions where other commercial video platforms have been blocked (Wikipedia, 2013). However, as for viewing purposes, anyone with access to the internet is welcome to view the uploaded contents without having to register and this promotes and encourages schools to be active resource providers. http://www.schooltube.com/ Benefits School Tube offers 1. Membership benefits Members are divided into students and teachers. Each role has different level of autonomy in managing the contents of the site. While both parties are allowed to upload contents, only teachers are entitled to monitor contents and are permitted to remove contents which are inappropriate to the site. 2. Detailed search options Users may search up keywords in order to find the resources relevant to them or they may also browse the various categories available on the site. 3. Content publisher Only members who are signed in are allowed to upload contents into the site. 4. Wide content coverage The contents of this video sharing site are vast and comprehensive. It covers a host of educational topics and subjects familiar to school course contents. 91
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.schooltube.com/ Browse for resources 92
    • View content Share content 93
    • References 1. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SchoolTube 2. https://www.schooltube.com/ 94
    • PBS Learning Media What is PBS Learning Media? The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is a non-profit television broadcasting network based in America with 354 affiliated television stations making it the leading television program provider in the United States (Wikipedia, 2013). From this strong foundation, PBS Learning Media was founded as an effort to provide a free source of educational resources to the worldwide public. This site currently stores thousands of digital materials fit for any classroom teaching which includes videos, audio files, games, images and lesson plan among other things. With a simple signup, users will be able to “search, save and share” (PBS Learning Media, 2013) these resources with others easily and instantly. http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/ Benefits PBS Learning Media offers 1. Membership benefits As a teacher, being a member of this site would allow you to register your students and create a class for easy sharing of resources. 2. Detailed search options Searching for contents are made easy and direct with the search options available on this site. Users are allowed to browse by categories such as topics and age level in order to find the resources that best fit their needs. 3. Downloadable content Most of the videos on this site are made available for anyone to download. A user need not be signed in to do so which makes this feature even easier to use. 4. Wide content coverage Materials on this site are specifically designed for educational purposes. However, they do not cover the traditional subjects familiar to schools alone but also various general topics and knowledge areas. 95
    • Get Started! Go to http://www.pbslearningmedia.org Create an account 96
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    • Browse for resources 98
    • View content Share content References 1. http://www.pbslearningmedia.org/ 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PBS 99
    • National Geographic Education What is National Geographic Education? National Geographic (NG) Education is a non-profit making and educationally-inclined branch of the vast National Geographic organization. Its main aim is to make educational resources available and free for students, educators and parents alike (National Geographic, 2013). Therefore, every available material on this site, from videos to lesson plans and games are free for everyone. From the massive store of documented media National Geographic has to offer, this project looks to exploit and tailor its materials to better serve as an educational resource for teachers to use in the classroom and students to learn from. The site looks to grow further with future plans to expand its “digital libraries, online communities and interactive mapping” (National Geographic Education, 2013) feature. http://www.education.nationalgeographic.com/ Benefits National Geographic Education offers 1. Detailed search options NG Education allows users to not only search for materials by keywords and categories as most sites offer, but also according to their roles be it as a teacher, family, student or child. This way, users may filter their contents to suit their needs best and saves time in browsing. 2. Downloadable content Contents on the site are more often than not made downloadable. Users simply have to look out for the download symbol to identify whether or not the content may be downloaded. 3. Wide content coverage With a foundation that holds such a massive collection of resources such as National Geographic, this site makes it possible to search for topics covering almost every aspect of education and even topics beyond traditional school subjects. 4. Mailing list While there is no membership feature on the site, users are allowed to subscribe to the mailing list to receive updates regarding NG Education. 100
    • Get Started! Go to www.education.nationalgeographic.com/ Browse for resources 101
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    • View content Download content References 1. http://education.nationalgeographic.com/ 2. https://www.facebook.com/natgeoeducation/info 103
    • Dr. Johan @ Eddy Luaran was born in Tuaran, Sabah, Malaysia. He was obtained his degree from University Science of Malaysia (USM) in 2001 in Chemical Engineering. Before joining the teaching profession, he completed his Diploma in Education at the Teacher’s Training College in Keningau in 2002. Upon completion, he was posted to SMK Pinawatai, Kudat and while teaching he manage to complete his Master in Education from University Technology Malaysia (UTM) in 2006. After teaching for four years, he was offered scholarship from Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) under the Young Lecturer Scheme and left to continue his study in University Malaysia Sabah (UMS). Upon completing his PhD in 2010 he begins his career as a lecturer at the Faculty of Education, UiTM. His area of specialization was Instructional Technology and Computer in Education and he was the member of International Association of Computer Science and Information Technology (IACSIT).