Where does Web 2.0 fit?
Uploaded by loots1964 on Oct 21, 2009
Originally, I planned on having kids tell me about how they used Web 2.0 technologies in
school, but when I saw their reaction to my question, that they clearly had no idea what a
Web 2.0 was - by name, at least, I realized I had stumbled onto a fascinating little bit of
information. Web 2.0 is so innate to digital natives, that they can‟t even identify it by name!
What is web 2.0, then?
The definitions abound!
Web 2.0 = the web as platform
Web 2.0 = the underlying
philosophy of relinquishing control
Web 2.0 = glocalization (“making
global information available to local
social contexts and giving people the
flexibility to find, organize, share
and create information in a locally
meaningful fashion that is globally
More of what is web 2.0
Web 2.0 = an attitude not a
Web 2.0 = when data, interface and
metadata no longer need to go hand
Web 2.0 = action-at-a-distance
interactions and ad hoc integration
Web 2.0 = power and control via
Web 2.0 = giving up control and
setting the data free
It’s all of that, and more!
Web 2.0 is social, it‟s open (or at least
it should be), it‟s letting go of control
over your data, it‟s mixing the global
with the local. Web 2.0 is about new
interfaces - new ways of searching and
accessing Web content. And last but
not least, Web 2.0 is a platform - and
not just for developers to create web
applications like Gmail and Flickr. The
Web is a platform to build on for
educators, media, politics, community,
for virtually everyone in fact!
So, what is Web 2.0??
From Presentation “Web 2.0” by Satyajeet Singh available on Slideshare
Dr. Mark Grabe
Web 2.0 and constructivism
What is the Connection Between Web 2.0 and
Web 2.0 tools can . . . allow students/learners to
demonstrate their understanding in a variety of ways.
They can blog, edit, contribute, rank, tag, upload and
enhance their web experiences through the use of Web 2.0
tools. Additionally through the use of social networking,
learners can also be exposed to other learners‟
on a given topic or subject.
• Social Constructivism, a wiki created for class EDER 679.09 Web 2.0 and
Open Learning Environments
Elements of Web 2.0
Wikis and blogs and all
What is a blog?
• „A weblog is kind of a continual tour,
with a human guide who you get to
know. There are many guides to choose
from, each develops an audience, and
there‟s also comraderie [camaraderie?]
and politics between the people who run
weblogs, they point to each other, in all
kinds of structures, graphs, loops, etc.‟
• Dave Winer, The History of Weblogs
Last update: Friday, May 17, 2002 at 12:37:09 PM
Dave Winer is one of the
pioneers of blogging. This
blog began in 1997.
Davenet is from 1994,
What is a Blog?
A log of websites visited? Or a personal journal? Or
“Defining this variable form is not easy in the highly
opinionated blogosphere - nor is it simple in the
increasing number of newsrooms that are in embracing
blogging. . . . Capturing the blogging beast is no small
matter, not when everybody from the lonely scribe in
Paducah to me-too mass media in Manhattan is trying to
get arms and minds around the virtual blob now
• Just what is a blog, anyway?
By Michael Conniff Posted: 2005-09-29
Can we define blogs?
“I don’t care,”
“There is no need to define „blog.‟
. . . A blog is merely a tool that lets you do
anything from change the world to share
your shopping list. People will use it however
they wish. And it is way too soon in the
invention of uses for this tool to limit it with
a set definition.”
• Jeff Jarvis, the veteran print journalist and prominent blogger
Quoted by Conniff in Just what is a blog, anyway?
OK-so what makes a blog?
Technically, what is a weblog?
A weblog is a hierarchy of text, images,
media objects and data, arranged
chronologically, that can be viewed in an
• What makes a weblog a weblog?
Fri, May 23, 2003; by Dave Winer
Weblogs At Harvard Law
Another technical definition
“. . . here’s a definition of what a blog
A publication of
content and Web
links, sorted in
chronological order, with the most recent
at the top. The content reflects personal
or corporate interests, and is almost
always written by an individual. . . .”
• What are Blogs, and Why Your Business
Should Use One, Guest columnist Richard Zwicky,
founder and the CEO of Metamend Software, a Victoria, B.C.
based firm whose cutting edge Search Engine Optimization software has
been recognized around the world as a leader in its field.
History of blogs
The original weblogs were link-driven sites.
Each was a mixture in unique proportions of
links, commentary, and personal thoughts
These weblogs provide a valuable filtering
function for their readers. The web has been,
in effect, pre-surfed for them.
• weblogs: a history and perspective
7 september 2000 rebecca's pocket
• “Jesse‟s „page of only weblogs‟ lists the 23 known to
be in existence at the beginning of 1999.” “. . . last
updated on 12 Oct 2000” with about 200 or 300.
Blog History in Timeline Form
Dawn of Internet Time:
[=WWW time, ie about 1989-90]
Tim Berners-Lee at CERN begins
keeping a list of all new sites as they
NCSA‟s oldest archived What‟s New
list of sites.
Netscape begins running its What's
New! list of sites.
Justin Hall launches Justin‟s Home
Page which would become Links from the
Underground. (Now Justin‟s Links)
Original logo for
Mosaic, the first web
browser from NCSA
1999: the year it all exploded
• Peter Merholz coins the term blog
after announcing he was going to
pronounce web blogs as “wee-blog”.
This was then shortened to blog.
• Brigitte Eaton starts the first portal devoted
to blogs with about 50 listings.
• Metafilter‟s earliest archives.
• Pitas launches the first free build
your own blog web tool. [No longer
• Pyra releases Blogger which becomes the
most popular web based blogging tool to
date, and popularizes blogging with
mainstream internet users.
For What It's Worth
I've decided to pronounce the
word "weblog" as wee'- blog.
Or "blog" for short.
Importance of 1999?
Advent of easy-edit web interface
• July 1999 . . . Pitas, the first free build-your-
own-weblog tool launched
• In August, Pyra released
Blogger, and Groksoup
• Late in 1999 software developer Dave Winer
introduced Edit This Page [a forerunner of
Blog This?], and Jeff A. Campbell launched
• All of these services are free, and all of them
are designed to enable individuals to publish
their own weblogs quickly and easily.
• Rebecca Blood, weblogs: a history and perspective
“Dave Winer, the
Dan Mitchell, New
December 2, 2006
Dave Winer‟s blog,
Scripting News, has
been going since
Why was Blogger so revolutionary?
Rebecca Blood’s opinion:
Blogger itself places no restrictions on the
form of content being posted. Its web
interface, accessible from any
browser, consists of an empty form box into
which the blogger can type...anything: a
passing thought, an extended essay, or a
childhood recollection. With a
click, Blogger will post the...whatever...on
the writer's website, archive it in the proper
place, and present the writer with another
empty box, just waiting to be filled.
Rebecca Blood is a
and a pioneering
blog goes back to
Result (unfortunately, the blog has not been
Other blogging software
TypePad‟s easy-to-use editor,
feedback management tools, feed
and podcast support, photo albums
and world-class customer support.
To get started with WordPress, set
it up on a web host for the most
flexibility or get a free blog on
lets you easily create
& manage student
videos, photos &
podcasts. Free, Pro
Can blogging be “safe”?
Safe blogs becoming a part of school
The fear of encouraging social networking and
leaving the door open for unsavory individuals to
see what students are doing online has caused most
districts to avoid the tool, said David Warlick, a
North Carolina public speaker and author who‟s
working on the second edition of “Classroom
Blogging: A Teacher's Guide to the Blogosphere.”
But new educational software, such as Virtual
Office or Moodle, which the Muskego-Norway
School District has implemented this year, protects
students by letting them “publish” their writing
within a secure server where teachers can monitor
• By Erin Richards of the Journal Sentinel Posted:
March 25, 2007
Some safer blogging
Watch Video: Twitter in Plain English
As the Twitter App Ecosystem
Tightens, 12seconds Calls it Quits
What about wikis?
What is a wiki?
A wiki is a website where every
page can be edited in a web browser,
by whomever happens to be reading
it. It's so terrifically easy for people
to jump in and revise pages that
wikis are becoming known as the
tool of choice for large, multiple-
• What Is a Wiki (and How to Use One
for Your Projects) by Tom Stafford,
Matt Webb 07/07/2006
Does it have anything to do with Wikipedia?
Wikipedia is a wiki
The name “Wikipedia” is a portmanteau
(a combination of portions of two words
and their meanings) of the words wiki (a
type of collaborative Web site) and
Wikipedia is written collaboratively by
volunteers from all around the world;
anyone can edit it.
• Wikipedia:About see also
History of Wikipedia
Be careful, though!
Wikipedia is just one example of a wiki,
but not all wikis are Wikipedia or even like
Wikis can cover all sorts of content
Wikis can be much more private than
Wikipedia (or much more open, depending on
how security is handled)
What does it have to do with a hula dancer?
The word “wiki” is Hawai’ian
Explanation by the inventor of wikis,
• Wiki wiki is the first Hawai'ian term I
learned on my first visit to the islands. The
airport counter agent directed me to take the
wiki wiki bus between terminals. I said what?
He explained that wiki wiki meant quick.
Did you intend the word to be pronounced
as wee-kee (rhyming with leaky) or as
wick-ey (rhyming with sticky)?
• believe the former is the proper
pronunciation though I’ve been known to
use the latter.
• Correspondence on the Etymology of Wiki
invented wiki in
Wiki wiki sign outside Honolulu International Airport.
(Image courtesy of A. Barataz)
There is an index to wikis online
WikiIndex is the wiki of wikis. It is
an effort to create a complete
directory of wiki websites out there
on the Internet, with a description of
each wiki and various systems of
categorisation. We want to help
people find the kinds of wikis they
are most interested in and to map
out the Internet-wide wiki
What about social networking?
Social networking is the grouping of
individuals into specific groups, like small
rural communities or a neighborhood
subdivision, if you will. Although social
networking is possible in person, especially
in schools or in the workplace, it is most
Social networking websites function like an
online community of internet users.
What exactly is it?
We define social network sites as web-
based services that allow individuals to (1)
construct a public or semi-public profile
within a bounded system, (2) articulate a
list of other users with whom they share a
connection, and (3) view and traverse
their list of connections and those made by
others within the system.
• boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network
sites: Definition, history, and scholarship.
Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication,
13(1), article 11.
* danah boyd *
A timeline of social networking
A Brief History of Social Networking Sites:
1995 = Classmates.com founded
1997 = Six Degrees of Separation founded
(Closed 2001) [boyd & Ellison consider this the
first social networking site!]
1999 = Circle of Friends founded
2002 = Friendster.com founded
2003 = MySpace.com founded
2004 = Orkut.com founded
2004 = Facebook.com founded
2005 = Yahoo!360 founded [now closed]
• From a blog no longer available, dated June 26,
An International Educational Social
ePals Corporation (TSXV: SLN) is an education technology
company and the leading provider of safe social learning
networks (SLN). Focused on the K-12 market, ePals offers
elementary and secondary school administrators, teachers,
students and parents worldwide a safe and secure platform
for building educational communities, providing quality
digital content and
Is this different from “social media”?
Another special case
Second Life is a three-
dimensional virtual community created entirely by its
membership. Members assume an identity and take
up residence in Second Life, creating a customized
avatar or personage to represent themselves. The
avatar moves about in the virtual world using mouse
control and intuitive keyboard buttons.
• What is Second Life?
Social Bookmarking 101
What is social bookmarking? It is
tagging a website and saving it for
later. Instead of saving them to your
web browser, you are saving them to
the web. And, because your
bookmarks are online, you can
easily share them with friends.
• What is Social Bookmarking and How Can It
Help Me? By Daniel Nations, former
The Top Ten Social
on the Web
By Wendy Boswell,
March 2009 by
Now shut down and
. . . the Clipboard service at clipboard.com will be discontinued on June 30, 2013
A review of Glogster EDU
Glogster EDU - Glogster
The EDU community offered by Glogster is
designed to alleviate the problems of inappropriate
content and contact with “outsiders” not welcome
in your class electronic community. The EDU area
provides classes advertising-free glogs and easy
teacher monitoring of student work. Students can
comment and interact within a “gated community”
with education-friendly options for collaboration
Here is an example glog created by the
TeachersFirst Edge team.
A Sample Glog for Web 2.0 sites
Another poster site
Creating stories out of social media
How To Curate Conversations With Storify
• Storify is the best way to gather tweets,
comments, snippets and images from all
around the Web and put them into one post.
It's a new way of blogging that lets all your
Internet friends participate.
• Storify uses drag-and-drop to move messages
from the service tabs - Twitter, Facebook,
YouTube, SoundCloud, Flickr, Instagram,
Google, RSS, and more coming soon! - into
your story. Favorites are a great way to pull
out the posts you want, so that they're all
right there in Storify and easy to find and
• By Jon Mitchell / October 28, 2011
Recent statistics for Web 2.0 Use
Teens are sharing more information about
themselves on social media sites than they
have in the past, but they are also taking a
variety of technical and non-technical steps
to manage the privacy of that information.
Despite taking these privacy-protective
actions, teen social media users do not
express a high level of concern about third-
parties (such as businesses or advertisers)
accessing their data; just 9% say they are
Web 2.0 and safety issues
Kids and Socializing Online
Remind Kids That Online Actions
Tell Kids to Limit What They Share
Encourage Online Manners
Limit Access to Your Kids‟ Profiles
Talk to Kids About What They‟re
Find a good balance, though!
You can be too restrictive!
Content filters and firewalls are great for keeping
kids away from pornography, as required by the
Children‟s Internet Protection Act (download the
PDF), or preventing them from updating their
Facebook status during class. But the same filters
can stop teachers from accessing cutting-edge
widgets and digital materials that have enormous
potential for expanding learning.
New Hampshire kindergarten teacher Maria Knee,
a pioneer in using Web 2.0 tools with young
learners, points out that keeping powerful tools out
of students‟ reach during the school day doesn't
prepare them for life. "Our kids are going to be
using these tools and sites anyway," she argues.
• Playing It Too Safe Online Will Make You Sorry
Bending the Rules:
A student at the
in Hutchinson, Kansas,
uses ArtSnacks, a site
typically blocked by the
school district, after an
exception is made for a
Credit: Courtesy of
Another useful resource
Embrace Civility in the Digital Age
promotes approaches to address
youth well-being and risk in the
digital age in a manner that promotes
positive norms, increases effective
skills and resiliency, and encourages
young people to be helpful allies who
positively intervene when they
witness peers being hurt or at risk.
Nancy Willard, M.S.,
is the Director of
Embrace Civility in the
Digital Age. Nancy is
author of . . . Cyber
Digital Safety and
Civility (2011, Corwin
Press). Find Out about
Nancy‟s books here.
Is Web 2.0 getting old already?
Web 2.0 Is Over,
All Hail the Age of Mobile
On April 9, 2012, Web 2.0 lost
its mantle as the most important
Internet paradigm. We are now
starting the Age of Mobile.
Google and Facebook‟s Internet dominance is no
longer guaranteed. They face a threat from below
and an army of smartphone-touting masses that
sees little distinction between the piece of hardware
in their hands and the Internet world it opens up.
Is Web 2.0 dead, or was it never alive in the first place
Maybe a little premature?
Carr‟s posts The
death of Wikipedia
(May 24, 2006)
junk drawer (July