EDU 626 Integrating Educational Technology 1 Spring 2012What is Web 2.0?A waste of time, or a revolutionary way of working?
2Meet Abby, the digital native!
3 Where doe Web 2.0 fit? Uploaded by loots1964 on Oct 21, 2009Originally, I planned on having kids tell me about how they used Web 2.0 technologies inschool, but when I saw their reaction to my question, that they clearly had no idea what aWeb 2.0 was - by name, at least, I realized I had stumbled onto a fascinating little bit ofinformation. Web 2.0 is so innate to digital natives, that they can‟t even identify it by name!
4What is web 2.0, then? The definitions abound! Web 2.0 = the web as platform Web 2.0 = the underlying philosophy of relinquishing control Web 2.0 = glocalization (“making global information available to local social contexts and giving people the flexibility to find, organize, share and create information in a locally meaningful fashion that is globally accessible”)
5More of what is web 2.0 Web 2.0 = an attitude not a technology Web 2.0 = when data, interface and metadata no longer need to go hand in hand Web 2.0 = action-at-a-distance interactions and ad hoc integration Web 2.0 = power and control via APIs Web 2.0 = giving up control and setting the data free
6It’s all of that, and more!Web 2.0 is social, it‟s open (or at least it should be), it‟s letting go of control over your data, it‟s mixing the global with the local. Web 2.0 is about new interfaces - new ways of searching and accessing Web content. And last but not least, Web 2.0 is a platform - and not just for developers to create web applications like Gmail and Flickr. The Web is a platform to build on for educators, media, politics, community, for virtually everyone in fact!
7So, what is Web 2.0?? From Presentation “Web 2.0” by Satyajeet Singh available on Slideshare
8Maybe this might help!
9Back to Satyajeet Singh
10Participatory web? Dr. Mark Grabe
11Web 2.0 and constructivism What is the Connection Between Web 2.0 and Constructivist Theory? Web 2.0 tools can . . . allow students/learners to demonstrate their understanding in a variety of ways. They can blog, edit, contribute, rank, tag, upload and enhance their web experiences through the use of Web 2.0 tools. Additionally through the use of social networking, learners can also be exposed to other learners‟ perspectives on a given topic or subject. • Social Constructivism, a wiki created for class EDER 679.09 Web 2.0 and Open Learning Environments
12Elements of Web 2.0 Wikis and blogs and all What is a blog? • „A weblog is kind of a continual tour, with a human guide who you get to know. There are many guides to choose from, each develops an audience, and there‟s also comraderie [camaraderie] and politics between the people who run weblogs, they point to each other, in all kinds of structures, graphs, loops, etc.‟ – Dave Winer, The History of Weblogs Last update: Friday, May 17, 2002 at 12:37:09 PM Dave Winer is one of the pioneers of blogging. This blog began in 1997. Davenet is from 1994,
13What is a Blog? A log of websites visited? Or apersonal journal? Or something else?“Defining this variable form is not easy in the highly opinionated blogosphere - nor is it simple in the increasing number of newsrooms that are in embracing blogging. . . . Capturing the blogging beast is no small matter, not when everybody from the lonely scribe in Paducah to me-too mass media in Manhattan is trying to get arms and minds around the virtual blob now encroaching online.” •Just what is a blog, anyway? By Michael Conniff Posted: 2005-09-29
14Can we define blogs? “I don’t care,” “There is no need to define „blog.‟ . . . A blog is merely a tool that lets you do anything from change the world to share your shopping list. People will use it however they wish. And it is way too soon in the invention of uses for this tool to limit it with a set definition.” • Jeff Jarvis, the veteran print journalist and prominent blogger behind BuzzMachine Quoted by Conniff in Just what is a blog, anyway?
15OK-so what makes a blog? Technically, what is a weblog? A weblog is a hierarchy of text, images, media objects and data, arranged chronologically, that can be viewed in an HTML browser. • What makes a weblog a weblog? Fri, May 23, 2003; by Dave Winer Weblogs At Harvard Law
16Another technical definition “. . . here’s a definition of what a blog is: A publication of content and Web links, sorted in chronological order, with the most recent at the top. The content reflects personal or corporate interests, and is almost always written by an individual. . . .” • What are Blogs, and Why Your Business Should Use One, Guest columnist Richard Zwicky, founder and the CEO of Metamend Software, a Victoria, B.C. based firm whose cutting edge Search Engine Optimization software has been recognized around the world as a leader in its field.
17History of blogs Rebecca Blood: The original weblogs were link-driven sites. Each was a mixture in unique proportions of links, commentary, and personal thoughts and essays. These weblogs provide a valuable filtering function for their readers. The web has been, in effect, pre- surfed for them. • weblogs: a history and perspective 7 september 2000 rebeccas pocket • “Jesse‟s „page of only weblogs‟ lists the 23 known to be in existence at the beginning of 1999.” “. . . last updated on 12 Oct 2000” with about 200 or 300.
18Who coined the term “weblog”? Jorn Barger
19Blog History in Timeline Form Dawn of Internet Time:[=WWW time, ie about 1989-90] Tim Berners-Lee at CERN begins keeping a list of all new sites as they come online. June 1993: NCSA‟s oldest archived What‟s New timbls blog list of sites. June 1993: Netscape begins running its Whats New! list of sites. Jan 1994: Justin Hall launches Justin‟s Home Original logo for Page which would become Links from Mosaic, the the Underground. (Now Justin‟s Links) first web browser from NCSA
20 1999: the year it all exploded•Early 1999: – Peter Merholz coins the term blog For What Its Worth after announcing he was going to pronounce web blogs as “wee-blog”. Ive decided to pronounce the word "weblog" as wee- blog. This was then shortened to blog. Or "blog" for short.•Early 1999: – Brigitte Eaton starts the first portal devoted to blogs with about 50 listings.•July 1999: – Metafilter‟s earliest archives.•July 1999: – Pitas launches the first free build your own blog web tool.•August 1999: – Pyra releases Blogger which becomes the most popular web based blogging tool to date, and popularizes blogging with mainstream internet users.
21Importance of 1999? Advent of easy-edit web interface• July 1999 . . . Pitas, the first free build- your-own-weblog tool launched• In August, Pyra released Blogger, and Groksoup launched• Late in 1999 software developer Dave Winer introduced Edit This Page [a “Dave Winer, the forerunner of Blog This?], and Jeff A. protoblogger and Campbell launched Velocinews technology maven”• All of these services are free, and all of Dan Mitchell, New them are designed to enable individuals York Times, December 2, 2006 to publish their own weblogs quickly Dave Winer‟s blog, and easily. Scripting News, has • Rebecca Blood, weblogs: a history and perspective been going since 1997
22 Why was Blogger so revolutionary? Rebecca Blood’s opinion:Blogger itself places no restrictions on the form of content being posted. Its web interface, accessible from any browser, consists of an empty form box into which the blogger can type...anything: a passing thought, an extended essay, or a childhood recollection. With a click, Blogger will post Rebecca Blood is a the...whatever...on the writers website, contributing writer archive it in the proper place, and present to the writer with another empty box, just waiting to be filled. http://www.rebeccablood.net/essays/weblog_history.html and a pioneering blog writer—her blog goes back to April 1999
23Sample Blogger posting interface
24Editing Blogger: wysiwyg
25Editing Blogger: html view
26• http://murraylibmedia.blogspot.com/ Result
27Other blogging software TypePad‟s easy-to-use editor, feedback management tools, feed and podcast support, photo lets you easily create albums and world-class customer & manage student & teacher blogs, support. quickly customize designs and include videos, photos & podcasts. Free, Pro or Campus To get started with WordPress, subscriptions. set it up on a web host for the Powered by most flexibility or get a free blog on WordPress.com.
28Can blogging be “safe”? Safe blogs becoming a part of school Some safer blogging sites: The fear of encouraging social networking and leaving the door open for unsavory individuals to see what students are doing online has caused most districts to avoid the tool, said David Warlick, a North Carolina public speaker and author whos working on the second edition of “Classroom Blogging: A Teachers Guide to the Blogosphere.” But new educational software, such as Virtual Office or Moodle, which the Muskego-Norway School District has implemented this year, protects students by letting them "publish" their writing within a secure server where teachers can monitor the comments. • By Erin Richards of the Journal Sentinel Posted: March 25, 2007
29What about wikis? What is a wiki? A wiki is a website where every page can be edited in a web browser, by whomever happens to be reading it. Its so terrifically easy for people to jump in and revise pages that wikis are becoming known as the tool of choice for large, multiple-participant projects. • What Is a Wiki (and How to Use One for Your Projects) by Tom Stafford, Matt Webb 07/07/2006
30Does it have anything to do with Wikipedia? Wikipedia is a wiki The name “Wikipedia” is a portmanteau (a combination of portions of two words and their meanings) of the words wiki (a type of collaborative Web site) and encyclopedia. Wikipedia is written collaboratively by volunteers from all around the world; anyone can edit it. • Wikipedia:About see also History of Wikipedia
31What does it have to do with a hula dancer? The word “wiki” is Hawai’ian Explanation by the inventor of wikis, Ward Cunningham: • Wiki wiki is the first Hawaiian term I learned on my first visit to the islands. The Ward Cunningham airport counter agent directed me to take the invented wiki in wiki wiki bus between terminals. I said what? 1995. He explained that wiki wiki meant quick. Did you intend the word to be pronounced as wee-kee (rhyming with leaky) or as wick- ey (rhyming with sticky)? • believe the former is the proper pronunciation though I’ve been known to use the latter. – Correspondence on the Etymology of Wiki November, 2003.
32Wiki wiki sign outside Honolulu International Airport. (Image courtesy of A. Barataz)
33There is an index to wikis online WikiIndex.org WikiIndex is the wiki of wikis. It is an effort to create a complete directory of wiki websites out there on the Internet, with a description of each wiki and various systems of categorisation. We want to help people find the kinds of wikis they are most interested in and to map out the Internet-wide wiki landscape. • http://www.aboutus.org/WikiIndex.org
34Social networking Social networking is the grouping of individuals into specific groups, like small rural communities or a neighborhood subdivision, if you will. Although social networking is possible in person, especially in schools or in the workplace, it is most popular online. Social networking websites function like an online community of internet users.
35Social Networking explained
36What exactly is it? Definition:We define social network sites as web- based services that allow individuals to (1) construct a public or semi-public profile within a bounded system, (2) articulate a list of other users with * danah boyd * whom they share a connection, and (3) view and traverse their list of connections and those made by others within the system. • boyd, d. m., & Ellison, N. B. (2007). Social network sites: Definition, history, and scholarship. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 11. http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/boyd.ellison.html Nicole Ellison
37A timeline of social networking A Brief History of Social Networking Sites: 1995 = Classmates.com founded, now: 1997 = Six Degrees of Separation founded (Closed 2001) [boyd & Ellison consider this the first social networking site!] 1999 = Circle of Friends founded 2002 = Friendster.com founded 2003 = MySpace.com founded 2004 = Orkut.com founded 2004 = Facebook.com founded 2005 = Yahoo!360 founded [now closed] • Submitted by Linda Raphael on June 26, 2007
38A special case: microblogging
39Microblogging sitesWatch Video: Twitter in Plain English 12seconds.tv is now closed
40Another special case Second Life is a three- dimensional virtual community created entirely by its membership. Members assume an identity and take up residence in Second Life, creating a customized avatar or personage to represent themselves. The avatar moves about in the virtual world using mouse control and intuitive keyboard buttons. • What is Second Life?
41Second Life snapshot
42 Social bookmarking Social Bookmarking Sites Social Bookmarking 101 The Top Ten Social Bookmarking Sites What is social bookmarking? It is on the Web By Wendy Boswell, tagging a website and saving it for About.com Guide later. Instead of saving them to your web browser, you are saving them to the web. And, because your bookmarks are online, you can Acquired in easily share them with friends. March 2009 by • What is Social Bookmarking and How Can It Help Me? By Daniel Nations, About.com Guide Now shut down and superseded by nowNow changed!
43Another very special social tool
44 A Sample Glog for Web 2.0 sitesTeachersFirst Edge Entry: For moderatelyadventurous technology users (teachers) and moststudent users (with significant help in primarygrades). Glogster EDU is a tool to create onlinemultimedia "posters" that can incorporate all typesof elements into a visual space: links, images, text,videos, music, and more. Your students will havemultiple ways to express themselves and to learnfrom each other, making it easy for you todifferentiate and engage each student.Here is an example glog created by theTeachersFirst Edge team.
45Another poster site
46Creating stories out of social media How To Curate Conversations With Storify • Storify is the best way to gather tweets, comments, snippets and images from all around the Web and put them into one post. Its a new way of blogging that lets all your Internet friends participate. • Storify uses drag-and-drop to move messages from the service tabs - Twitter, Facebook, YouTube, SoundCloud, Flickr, Instagram, Google, RSS, and more coming soon! - into your story. Favorites are a great way to pull out the posts you want, so that theyre all right there in Storify and easy to find and drag. • By Jon Mitchell / October 28, 2011
47Recent statistics for Web 2.0 Use Related Research TeensTeens, kindness and cruelty on social network sites Nov 9, 2011 Amanda Lenhart Teens Teens and Mobile Phones Apr 20, 2010 Amanda Lenhart
48Web 2.0 and safety issues Help Kids Socialize Safely Online Help your kids understand what information should be private Use privacy settings to restrict who can access and post on your childs website. Explain that kids should post only information that you — and they — are comfortable with others seeing Remind your kids that once they post information online, they cant take it back Know how your kids are getting online Talk to your kids about bullying Talk to your kids about avoiding sex talk online Tell your kids to trust their gut if they have suspicions Read sites‟ privacy policies
49Find a good balance, though! You can be too restrictive! Content filters and firewalls are great for keeping kids away from pornography, as required by the Children‟s Internet Protection Act (download the PDF), or preventing them from updating their Bending the Rules: Facebook status during class. But the same filters A student at the Pleasantview Academy, can stop teachers from accessing cutting-edge in Hutchinson, Kansas, widgets and digital materials that have enormous uses ArtSnacks, a site potential for expanding learning. typically blocked by the school district, after an New Hampshire kindergarten teacher Maria exception is made for a Knee, a pioneer in using Web 2.0 tools with young class project. learners, points out that keeping powerful tools Credit: Courtesy of out of students‟ reach during the school day Kevin Honeycutt doesnt prepare them for life. "Our kids are going to be using these tools and sites anyway," she argues. • Playing It Too Safe Online Will Make You Sorry
50Another useful resource Trying to prepare students for their future and teach them about Internet safety without Web 2.0 in schools is like trying to teach a child to swim without a swimming pool! The Center for Safe and Responsible Nancy Willard, M.S., Internet Use has developed a new J.D. framework for addressing these issues director of the Center for Safe and Responsible under the overall concept of Cyber Savvy Internet Use. This Center Schools. More information on Cyber provides for educators and other professionals Savvy Schools is here. on youth risk online issues.