LIB 640 Information Sources and Services Summer 2012Ready Reference Just the facts, ma’am!
2What is “ready reference”?ready reference • A reference question that can be answered by a reference librarian in one or two minutes by providing a fact or piece of information found in a single source. • Also refers to the reference materials used most often in answering such questions, shelved for convenience in a separate location near the reference desk rather than in the reference stacks (Books in Print, Encyclopedia of Associations, Statistical Abstract of the U.S., world almanacs, city directories, Ulrichs Periodicals Directory, etc.). • Some libraries also provide online ready reference resources via their Web pages.
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4 Types of ready reference questionshttp://esuli813.pbworks.com/w/page/24508825/Ready%20Reference Copyright 2009
5 More ready reference question typeshttp://esuli813.pbworks.com/w/page/24508825/Ready%20Reference
6Types of ready reference sources1. Directories • A list of people, companies, institutions, organizations, etc., in alphabetical or classified order, providing contact information (names, addresses, phone/fax numbers, etc.) and other pertinent details (affiliations, conferences, publications, membership, etc.) in brief format, often published serially (example: American Library Directory). • ODLIS directory
7A useful, though not free directoryEncyclopedia of Associations • The only comprehensive source for detailed information on nonprofit American membership organizations of national scope. • Part of Gale/Cengage Learning’s Associations Unlimited series that covers both international and state and regionsl Associations. • Also available online
8 A free directory of associationshttp://www.asaecenter.org/Community/Directories/associationsearch.cfm
9Telephone directories online
10Types of ready reference sources2. Yearbooks • An annual documentary, historical, or memorial compendium of facts, photographs, statistics, etc., about the events of the preceding year, often limited to a specific country, institution, discipline, or subject (example: Supreme Court Yearbook published by Congressional Quarterly). Optional yearbooks are offered by some publishers of general encyclopedias. • ODLIS: yearbook
11Example of an encyclopedia yearbookWorld Book Year Book • The World Book Year Book is a 496-page record of the year, covering current events and national and international news. Lavishly illustrated, the Year Book includes more than 400 articles that update such topics as economics, politics, international affairs, medicine and health care, the arts, sports, fashion, and important or interesting trends of the day. Facts in Brief tables covering the countries of the world record current populations, national leaders, monetary units (and the U.S. dollar equivalents), and import and export statistics.
12Types of ready reference sources3. Almanacs • Originally, a book introduced by the Moors to Spain, listing the days, weeks, and months of the year and providing information about festivals, holidays, astronomical phenomena, etc. In modern usage, an annual compendium of practical dates, facts, and statistics, current and/or retrospective, often arranged in tables to facilitate comparison. Almanacs can be general (example: World Almanac and Book of Facts) or related to a specific subject or academic discipline (Almanac of American Politics). Information Please is an example of a modern online almanac. Also spelled almanack. • ODLIS: almanac
13Oldest continuously publishedalmanac in the US • Since 1792, The Old Farmer’s Almanac has spoken to all walks of life: tide tables for those who live near the ocean; sunrise and planting charts for those who live on the farm; recipes for those who live in the kitchen; and forecasts for those who dont like the question of weather left up in the air. • About Us
14A modern almanac • Since its debut in 1868, The World Almanac and Book of Facts has become the best-selling American reference book of all time, with more than 82 million copies sold. • The World Almanac® for Kids is the best-selling reference book for kids, with more than 3.5 million copies sold.
15A Kentucky equivalent • Featuring over 300 new photographs and more than half of the pages with new or updated material! With 784 pages of fascinating facts, stories, statistics, demographics, sports, and Kentucky history, this Second Edition is a “must have” for almanac enthusiasts and book lovers everywhere. • http://www.kyalmanac.com/ Revives a tradition that began in Lexington in 1787 and ceased in 1856.
A yearbook or an almanac—or maybe a 16 manual? • The first edition of The Statesmans Yearbook was inspired by the historian and essayist Thomas Carlyle. His proposal was enthusiastically supported by William Gladstone. Their vision for the book was an authoritative and accessible volume containing information essential for diplomats, politicians and all those involved with international affairs. It quickly gained recognition as an indispensable reference tool and has been published annually since 1864. • Today, international affairs concern every one of us and the scope of The Statesmans Yearbook has become correspondingly broader, with expanded coverage of history, politics, economics, trade and infrastructure for each country, all thoroughly researched and verified by a dedicated editorial team. • http://www.statesmansyearbook.com/
17Another, similar type of source • The World Factbook provides information on the history, people, government, economy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. Our Reference tab includes: maps of the major world regions, as well as Flags of the World, a Physical Map of the World, a Political Map of the World, and a Standard Time Zones of the World map. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
18Types of ready reference sources5. Handbooks and manuals • A single-volume reference book of compact size that provides concise factual information on a specific subject, organized systematically for quick and easy access. Statistical information is often published in handbook form (example: Statistical Handbook on the American Family). Some handbooks are published serially (CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics). Synonymous with vade mecum. See also: companion and manual. • ODLIS handbook
19 A Handbook for school librariansThe Whole School LibraryHandbook 2 • This new edition of an ALA bestseller remains an indispensable all-in-one resource for everything related to the school library media center. Articles from dozens of respected authors and experts, culled from popular journals such as Knowledge Quest and School Library Journal, cover everything of interest to the contemporary school librarian. • Woolls, Blanche and Loertscher, David V. (Eds). This title will be available Fall 2012.
20 Statistical handbooksStatistical Abstract • What is the Statistical Abstract? • The Statistical Abstract of the United States, published since 1878, is the authoritative and comprehensive summary of statistics on the social, political, and economic organization of the United States. • Use the Abstract as a convenient volume for statistical reference, and as a guide to sources of more information both in print and on the Web. • Sources of data include the Census Bureau, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Bureau of Economic Analysis, and many other Federal agencies and private organizations. • The 2012 Statistical Abstract • The National Data Book
21Another source for statistics • What We Provide - Learn about the data available in American FactFinder
22Types of Ready Reference sources6. Calendars • A tabular register of the days in a year, usually arranged by month and within each month by week, sometimes indicating the dates of important events such as national and religious holidays. To learn about the history of calendars, see Calendars through the Ages. Also, an almanac listing days of the year significant to a particular culture or political entity. • ODLIS calendar
23The most famous, if pricey, calendarChase’s Calendar of Events • Find out whats going on any day of the year, anywhere across the globe! Chase’s Calendar of Events is the most comprehensive and authoritative reference available on special events, worldwide holidays and festivals, civic observances, historic anniversaries, famous birthdays and much more. • Chase’s Calendar of Events today is the most comprehensive and authoritative reference available on special events, holidays, federal and state observances, historic anniversaries and more.
24 Online time and date information • Time and Date AS (AS - "Aksjeselskap") is a private, limited liability company owned by Steffen Thorsen. The company is based near Stavanger, Norway. • The company gives people free time and date related information and services via timeanddate.com. The site includes: • the World Clock • Calendars • the Meeting Planner • Time Zone News