Models of Information Searching

2,817 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,817
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
16
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
73
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Models of Information Searching

  1. 1. Models of Information Searching LIB 601 Libraries and Learning Fall 2008
  2. 2. What is the function of an information search model? <ul><li>Ken Haycock: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An information process model , as a support structure, fosters the development of research , problem-solving and metacognitive skills through the collaboration of the classroom teacher and teacher-librarian. These concise models inform students of the problem-solving process and provide context for the assignment.     When young researchers understand an information process model , they can comprehend the extent of the task facing them and the necessary strategies to complete it. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information Process Models Teacher Librarian 32 no1 34 Oct. 2004 </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  3. 3. Advantages of a school-wide model <ul><li>Haycock: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When teachers and students understand an information process model , they use common vocabulary to clarify terminology and label behaviors, each necessary to enhance metacognition.     A school-wide information process model allows students to gradually develop expert use patterns that enable them to reduce reliance on the scaffold and to use the model in different contexts, both in and out of school. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information Process Models </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  4. 4. INFOhio DIALOGUE Model for Information Literacy Skills <ul><li>D efine: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Explore/Identify the need for the information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine the basic question </li></ul></ul><ul><li>I nitiate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Distressing ignorance” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A ssess </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify keywords, concepts, and possible resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consider information literacy skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Tapping prior knowledge” and “Building background” </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  5. 5. INFOhio DIALOGUE Model <ul><li>L ocate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify possible sources of information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a search strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Locate and retrieve available resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>O rganize </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify the best and most useful information sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate the information retrieved </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  6. 6. <ul><li>G uide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Search log or journal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student assistance and review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educator assistance and review </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U se </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Determine presentation format </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>E valuate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate the project/results </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate the process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assess the teaching and learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Copyright © 1998 by INFOhio – The Information Network for Ohio Schools </li></ul></ul></ul>INFOhio DIALOGUE Model June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  7. 7. I-Search <ul><li>Selecting a topic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>exploring interests, discussing ideas, browsing resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Finding information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>generating questions, exploring resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Using information </li></ul><ul><ul><li>taking notes, analyzing materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developing a final product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>developing communications, sharing experiences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read A Process Approach: The I-Search with Grade 5: They Learn! by Carol Bowen in Teacher Librarian (Dec 2002, Vol, 29, Issue 2, p14, 4p). </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  8. 8. Pathways to Knowledge <ul><li>Appreciation and Enjoyment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Examine the world </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presearch </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop an overview; explore relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Identify information providers; select information resources; seek relevant information </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interpret information </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  9. 9. <ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Apply information; share new knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate process and product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go to the Pathways to Knowledge website for more information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Follett </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Read Harada, V., & Tepe, A. (1998). Pathways to knowledge [Trademark]. Teacher Librarian , 26 (2), 9. Retrieved Thursday, October 19, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database. </li></ul></ul></ul>Pathways to Knowledge June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  10. 10. Pathways to Knowledge June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  11. 11. Ws of Information Inquiry <ul><li>Watching (Exploring) </li></ul><ul><li>Wondering (Questioning) </li></ul><ul><li>Webbing (Searching) </li></ul><ul><li>Wiggling (Evaluating) </li></ul><ul><li>Weaving (Synthesizing) </li></ul><ul><li>Wrapping (Creating) </li></ul><ul><li>Waving (Communicating) </li></ul><ul><li>Wishing (Assessing) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by Annette Lamb in the early 1990s </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  12. 12. Research Cycle <ul><li>Questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Gathering </li></ul><ul><li>Sorting & Sifting </li></ul><ul><li>Synthesizing </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluating </li></ul><ul><li>Reporting * (after several repetitions of the cycle) </li></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  13. 13. Stripling and Pitts Research Process Model <ul><li>Choose a broad topic </li></ul><ul><li>Get an overview </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Develop thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>Formulate questions </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for research </li></ul><ul><li>Find, analyze, evaluate </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluate evidence </li></ul><ul><li>Establish conclusions </li></ul><ul><li>Create and present final product </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbara Stripling and Judy Pitts </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models Barbara Stripling, director of library services for the New York City Department of Education
  14. 14. Carol Kuhlthau’s ISP <ul><li>Information Search Process </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Information Search Process (ISP) is a six stage model of the users’ holistic experience in the process of information seeking.  The ISP model, based on two decades of empirical research, identifies three realms of experience: the affective (feelings), the cognitive (thoughts) and the physical (actions) common to each stage.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Abstract </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  15. 15. June 5, 2009 Information Process Models http://www.ucalgary.ca/~ahayden/kuhlth.html
  16. 16. Big6™ Skills <ul><li>What is the Big6? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Developed by educators Mike Eisenberg and Bob Berkowitz, the Big6 is the most widely-known and widely-used approach to teaching information and technology skills in the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some people call the Big6 an information problem-solving strategy because with the Big6, students are able to handle any problem, assignment, decision or task. Here are the six stages we call the BIG6. </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  17. 17. The Big6 for Grades 3-6 June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  18. 18. June 5, 2009 Information Process Models The Super3
  19. 19. An adaptation of the Big 6 <ul><li>Assignment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What am I supposed to do? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plan of Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do I get the job done? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Doing the Job </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Let’s do it! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Product Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do I have to show for it? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Process Evaluation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How well did I do? </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  20. 20. The Savvy Seven Research Model <ul><li>Developed by Nancy Miller and Connie Champlin </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the Question? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What Resources Should I Use? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Do I Find the Information? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Do I Gather the Information? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Which Information Do I Use? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Do I Share What I Learned? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How Do I Evaluate My Work? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.davidvl.org/savvy7.html </li></ul></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  21. 21. So Many Research Models <ul><li>Research Models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The library media specialist should have numerous examples of research process models available for consideration by the faculty and can take the lead in teaching this concept to the faculty as a whole. </li></ul></ul>June 5, 2009 Information Process Models
  22. 22. June 5, 2009 Information Process Models

×