What are Libraries and Librarians?Presentation Transcript
What are Librariesand Librarians?Bookwards andBookwardens—or what?LIB 600 Libraries and EducationSummer 2013
2 What is a Library?
6 An Aussie take on this!
7 Library, as defined by librarianslibrary– From the Latin liber, meaning “book.” InGreek and the Romance languages, thecorresponding term is bibliotheca. A collectionor group of collections of books and/or otherprint or nonprint materials organized andmaintained for use(reading, consultation, study, research, etc.).Institutional libraries, organized to facilitateaccess by a specific clientele, are staffed bylibrarians and other personnel trained toprovide services to meet user needs. Byextension, the room, building, or facility thathouses such a collection, usually but notnecessarily built for that purpose.
8 OK—so what is a librarian?
10 The librarian definition?librarian– A professionally trained person responsible forthe care of a library and its contents, includingthe selection, processing, and organization ofmaterials and the delivery ofinformation, instruction, and loan services tomeet the needs of its users (to see examples, trya keyword search on the term in GoogleImages). In the online environment, the role ofthe librarian is to manage and mediate accessto information that may exist only in electronicform.
11 Wait, there’s more!librarian– In the United States, the title is reserved for personswho have been awarded the M.L.S. or M.L.I.S.degree, or certified as professionals by a stateagency. Also refers to the person responsible for theoverall administration of a library or librarysystem, synonymous in this sense with librarydirector. Classified by functional specialization(acquisitions librarian, cataloger, instructionlibrarian, reference librarian, serialslibrarian, systems librarian, etc.), librarians in theUnited States are organized in the AmericanLibrary Association (ALA) and its affiliates and theSpecial Libraries Association (SLA). Compare withsupport staff.
12 What does this mean?1. The definition attempts to define limits for thetitle by designating an academic qualification(it is “reserved for persons who have beenawarded the M.L.S. or M.L.I.S. degree, orcertified as professionals by a state agency.”).It also notes that this is a “professionallytrained person.”2. At the same time, the definition implies thatthere is great variance in how it’sapplied, from “mere” professionals, toadministrators, even to the Librarian ofCongress.
13 Other attempts to define “librarian”
14 See also (a cataloger’s phrase! )http://www.slideshare.net/wball/what-is-a-librarian-by-sheila-cannell