Fall 2012InformationLiteracy:What Is It?Finding a waythrough theword maze
2Information Literacy information literacy (IL) • Skill in finding the information one needs, including an understanding of how libraries are organized, familiarity with the resources they provide (including information formats and automated search tools), and knowledge of commonly used research techniques. • ODLIS September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
What is Information Literacy? http://campus.queens.edu/everett/M2.html 3
5 Why teach information literacy? 21st-Century learners may be tech-savvy, but they still can be overwhelmed: • . . . Today‟s learners have grown up in a “wired” world. They have constant access to global information resources through computers and mobile devices, and they expect to be able to retrieve information instantly. This bold new generation questions the concept of cognitive authority as mob indexing an Wikipedia permeate the web. Learners are now surrounded by information, whether in print, online, or in sound bites of information. • Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Media Programs. Chapter 1: Developing Visions for Learning. IV. The 21st-Century Learner, p. 11.
6 What is information literacy?Information Literacy • Information Literacy is a transformational process in which the learner needs to find, understand, evaluate, and use information in various forms to create for personal, social or global purposes. • Information Literacy shares a fundamental set of core thinking- and problem-solving meta-skills with other disciplines. Authentic cross-disciplinary problems which include observation and inference, analysis of symbols and models, comparison of perspectives, and assessment of the rhetorical context, engage students in developing mastery information literacy over time.
7 Another conceptInformation Competency for Faculty at Rio Hondo College • As defined by the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges (1998), information competency is the ability to: • recognize the need for information, • acquire and evaluate information, • organize and maintain information, and • interpret and communicate information • What Is Information Competency? September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
8 And then there’s “Information Competence”!What is Information Competence? • Information competence is the ability to find, evaluate, use, and communicate information in all of its various formats. It represents the integration of library literacy, computer literacy, media literacy, ethics, critical thinking, and communication skills. • For Faculty: Improving Student Research Skills and Building Information Competence
9Literacy, Competence or Competency? http://www.slideshare.net/j_iona/embedding-information- literacy-in-a-competency-based-curriculum September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
10 Adding to the confusion of terms! Several other terms and combinations of terms have been also used by different authors: • „infoliteracy‟, „informacy‟, „information empowerment‟, „information competence‟, „information competency‟, „information competencies‟, „information literacy skills‟, „information literacy and skills‟, „skills of information literacy‟, „information literacySirje Virkus competence‟, „information literacy competencies‟, „information competence skills‟, „information handling skills‟, „information problem solving‟, „information problem solving skills‟, „information fluency‟, „information mediacy‟ and even „information mastery‟ • Sirje Virkus: “Information literacy in Europe: a literature review” Information Research, Vol. 8 No. 4, July 2003 September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
11 Now also as Information Literacies Why the plural? • The use of the term “information literacies” emphasizes the complexity and multiplicity of skills and strategies involved in finding and using information.Dr. Dianne Oberg • Dianne Oberg: “Promoting Information Literacies: A Focus on Inquiry.” 70th IFLA General Conference and Council, 22-27 August 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla70/papers/088e-Oberg.pdf September 15, 2012
A related term often used outside 12 library media circlesInquiry-based learning • We learn best when we are at the center of our own learning. Inquiry-based learning is a learning process through questions generated from the interests, curiosities, and perspectives/experiences of the learner. When investigations grow from our own questions, curiosities, and experiences, learning is an organic and motivating process that is intrinsically enjoyable. • September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
13Project, Problem, and Inquiry-based Learning Explore the Approaches • Project-based learning, problem- based learning, and inquiry-based learning all three closely relate to the information processing approach. They all fit well with technology-rich learning environments where the focus is not on the hardware and software, but on the learning experience. • Project, Problem, and Inquiry-based Learning http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic43.htm September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
14Another Related Term Resource-Based Learning • Resource-based learning actively involves students, teachers and teacher- librarians in the effective use of a wide range of print, non print and human resources . . . Students who use a wide range of resources in various mediums for learning have the opportunity to approach a theme, issue or topic of study in ways which allow for a range of learning styles and access to the theme or topic via cognitive or affective appeals. More • Resource-Based Learning: Approaches September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
15Yet another related term Lifelong learning • Lifelong learning is the process of acquiring and expanding knowledge, skills, and dispositions throughout your life to foster well-being. It isnt about taking an adult pottery class or reading a nonfiction book occasionally. Its about the decisions you make and the problems you solve in everyday life. From enrolling in an structured, formal education program to considering whether to believe an infomercials gimmick, lifelong learning takes many forms. September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
The new emphasis from 16 AASL (as well as others)21st Century Skills Rights and permission on the use of the learning standards September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
1721st Century Skills September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
22The latest school library study Phase 1 Report July 2010 Phase 2 Report Sept. 2011 September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
23Where do these studies come from? September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
24Keith Curry LanceWhat Research Tells Us About the Importance of School Libraries • At this point . . . there is a clear consensus in the results now  available for eight states*: School libraries are a powerful force in the lives of Americas children. The school library is one of the few factors whose contribution to academic achievement has been documented empirically, and it is a contribution that cannot be explained away by other powerful influences on student performance. • White House Conference on School Libraries • *15 states—see Now, 20 states with New Jersey 2011
25A European view School Library and School Librarianship • The stream of information from TV channels, Internet, CD-ROMs, computer programmes etc. is unending. If the students, when they become adult citizens, are not to feel lost and helpless in the face of such rich sources of information, they must learn [to] devise personal strategies for information retrieval while they are still at school. Information Literacy and “strategies for independent learning skill development” are key components of any school library. • From a White Paper by Gert Larsen, School Library Advisor, Albertslund, Denmark, p. 7 • Part of Project GrandSlam - General Research and New Development in School Libraries As Multimedia Learning Centres
26 The Key Concept? Competence and comfort with information and information sources • Information literacy is the solution to Data Smog. It allows us to cope by giving us the skills to know when we need information and where to locate it effectively and efficiently. It includes the technological skills needed to use the modern library as a gateway to information. It enables us to analyze and evaluate the information we find, thus giving us confidence in using that information to make a decision or create a product. • Introduction to Information Literacy, Association for College and Research Libraries (a division of the American Library Association) September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
27Kentucky’s thinking on 21st century skills September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
28Closing observation http://www.kentuckyteacher.org/kentucky-teacher-of-the-year/2012/04/21st-century-skills- need-21st-century-assessment/ September 15, 2012 Information Literacy
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