Information
Literacy:
What
Is It?
Finding a way through the word maze
2014
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
2
Information Literacy
information literacy (IL)
• Skill in finding the information on...
3
What is Information Literacy?
http://campus.queens.edu/everett/M2.html
[QUILT]
QUILT’s definition
4
This definition is now at http://www.cilip.org.uk/get-involved/advocacy/information-literacy/pages/de...
5
What is information literacy?
Information Literacy
• Information Literacy is a
transformational process in which the lea...
Another concept
Information Competency for Faculty at
Rio Hondo College
• As defined by the Academic Senate for
Californi...
And then there’s “Information Competence”!
What is Information Competence?
• Information competence is the ability to
fin...
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
8
Literacy, Competence or Competency?
http://www.slideshare.net/j_iona/embedding-inform...
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
9
Adding to the confusion of terms!
Several other terms and combinations of
terms have...
June 16, 2014
10
Now also as Information Literacies
Why the plural?
• The use of the term “information
literacies” emphas...
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
11
A related term often used outside
library media circles

• We learn best when we ar...
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
12
Project, Problem, and Inquiry-based Learning
Explore the Approaches
• Project-based...
Information Literacy
13
Another Related Term
Resource-Based Learning
• Resource-based learning actively
involves students...
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
14
Yet another related term
Lifelong learning
• Lifelong learning is the process of ac...
The new emphasis from
AASL (as well as others)
21st Century Skills
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
15
Standards for th...
Why teach 21st century skills??
21st-Century learners may be
tech-savvy, but they still can be
overwhelmed:
• . . . Today...
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
17
21st Century Skills
http://pict.sdsu.edu/engauge21st.pdf
Partnership for 21st Century Skills
18
http://www.p21.org/
A Wordle rendering of the P21 framework
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
19
http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/1218621/21st...
Kentucky in P21
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
20
http://education.ky.gov/curriculum/docs/Pages/KY-Model-Curriculum-Fr...
Kentucky Model Curriculum
Framework 2011
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
21
http://education.ky.gov/curriculum/docs/Doc...
Kentucky’s thinking on 21st century skills
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
22
http://www.pbs.org/program/digital-media/
Another 21st century organization
About ATC21S
• The Assessment and
Teaching of 21st-Century
Skills (ATC21S) is a
researc...
A 21st century process based on
Kuhlthau
Guided Inquiry
24
https://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~kuhlthau/docs/GI-School-Libraria...
The book
Guided Inquiry:
Learning in the 21st Century
• Carol C. Kuhlthau, Leslie K. Maniotes,
and Ann K. Caspari
• Octob...
26
How do we put it all together?
Use the school library!
*Now more than 20
states—including New
Jersey
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
27
Another school library study
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
28
Phase 1 Report July 2010
Phase 2 Report Sept. 2011
http...
A Study from 2012
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
29
http://www.slj.com/2013/03/research/librarian-required-a-
new-stud...
Where do these studies come from?
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
30
http://cissl.rutgers.edu/
31
Keith Curry Lance
What Research Tells Us About the
Importance of School Libraries
• At this point . . . there is a cle...
32
A European view
School Library and School Librarianship
• The stream of information from TV channels,
Internet, CD-ROM...
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
33
The Key Concept?
Competence and comfort with information and
information sources
• ...
Closing observation
June 16, 2014 Information Literacy
34
http://www.kentuckyteacher.org/kentucky-teacher-of-the-year/2012...
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Information literacy

  1. 1. Information Literacy: What Is It? Finding a way through the word maze 2014
  2. 2. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 2 Information Literacy information literacy (IL) • Skill in finding the information one needs, including an understanding of how libraries are organized, familiarity with the resources they provide (including information formats and automated search tools), and knowledge of commonly used research techniques. • ODLIS
  3. 3. 3 What is Information Literacy? http://campus.queens.edu/everett/M2.html [QUILT]
  4. 4. QUILT’s definition 4 This definition is now at http://www.cilip.org.uk/get-involved/advocacy/information-literacy/pages/definition.aspx
  5. 5. 5 What is information literacy? Information Literacy • Information Literacy is a transformational process in which the learner needs to find, understand, evaluate, and use information in various forms to create for personal, social or global purposes. • Information Literacy shares a fundamental set of core thinking- and problem-solving meta-skills with other disciplines. Authentic cross-disciplinary problems which include observation and inference, analysis of symbols and models, comparison of perspectives, and assessment of the rhetorical context, engage students in developing mastery information literacy over time.
  6. 6. Another concept Information Competency for Faculty at Rio Hondo College • As defined by the Academic Senate for California Community Colleges (1998), information competency is the ability to: • recognize the need for information, • acquire and evaluate information, • organize and maintain information, and • interpret and communicate information • What Is Information Competency? June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 6
  7. 7. And then there’s “Information Competence”! What is Information Competence? • Information competence is the ability to find, evaluate, use, and communicate information in all of its various formats. It represents the integration of library literacy, computer literacy, media literacy, ethics, critical thinking, and communication skills. • For Faculty: Improving Student Research Skills and Building Information Competence 7
  8. 8. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 8 Literacy, Competence or Competency? http://www.slideshare.net/j_iona/embedding-information- literacy-in-a-competency-based-curriculum
  9. 9. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 9 Adding to the confusion of terms! Several other terms and combinations of terms have been also used by different authors: • ‘infoliteracy’, ‘informacy’, ‘information empowerment’, ‘information competence’, ‘information competency’, ‘information competencies’, ‘information literacy skills’, ‘information literacy and skills’, ‘skills of information literacy’, ‘information literacy competence’, ‘information literacy competencies’, ‘information competence skills’, ‘information handling skills’, ‘information problem solving’, ‘information problem solving skills’, ‘information fluency’, ‘information mediacy’ and even ‘information mastery’ • Sirje Virkus: “Information literacy in Europe: a literature review” Information Research, Vol. 8 No. 4, July 2003 Sirje Virkus
  10. 10. June 16, 2014 10 Now also as Information Literacies Why the plural? • The use of the term “information literacies” emphasizes the complexity and multiplicity of skills and strategies involved in finding and using information. • Dianne Oberg: “Promoting Information Literacies: A Focus on Inquiry.” 70th IFLA General Conference and Council, 22-27 August 2004, Buenos Aires, Argentina http://www.ifla.org/IV/ifla70/papers/088e-Oberg.pdf Dr. Dianne Oberg
  11. 11. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 11 A related term often used outside library media circles  • We learn best when we are at the center of our own learning. Inquiry-based learning is a learning process through questions generated from the interests, curiosities, and perspectives/experiences of the learner. When investigations grow from our own questions, curiosities, and experiences, learning is an organic and motivating process that is intrinsically enjoyable. • Inquiry-based learning http://www.inquirylearn.com/Inquirydef.htm
  12. 12. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 12 Project, Problem, and Inquiry-based Learning Explore the Approaches • Project-based learning, problem- based learning, and inquiry-based learning all three closely relate to the information processing approach. They all fit well with technology-rich learning environments where the focus is not on the hardware and software, but on the learning experience. • Project, Problem, and Inquiry-based Learning http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic43.htm
  13. 13. Information Literacy 13 Another Related Term Resource-Based Learning • Resource-based learning actively involves students, teachers and teacher- librarians in the effective use of a wide range of print, non print and human resources . . . Students who use a wide range of resources in various mediums for learning have the opportunity to approach a theme, issue or topic of study in ways which allow for a range of learning styles and access to the theme or topic via cognitive or affective appeals. More • Resource-Based Learning: Approaches
  14. 14. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 14 Yet another related term Lifelong learning • Lifelong learning is the process of acquiring and expanding knowledge, skills, and dispositions throughout your life to foster well-being. It isn't about taking an adult pottery class or reading a nonfiction book occasionally. It's about the decisions you make and the problems you solve in everyday life. From enrolling in an structured, formal education program to considering whether to believe an infomercial's gimmick, lifelong learning takes many forms.
  15. 15. The new emphasis from AASL (as well as others) 21st Century Skills June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 15 Standards for the 21st-Century Learner, AASL, 2007. Rights and permission on the use of the learning standards
  16. 16. Why teach 21st century skills?? 21st-Century learners may be tech-savvy, but they still can be overwhelmed: • . . . Today’s learners have grown up in a “wired” world. They have constant access to global information resources through computers and mobile devices, and they expect to be able to retrieve information instantly. This bold new generation questions the concept of cognitive authority as mob indexing an Wikipedia permeate the web. Learners are now surrounded by information, whether in print, online, or in sound bites of information. • Empowering Learners: Guidelines for School Library Media Programs. Chapter 1: Developing Visions for Learning. IV. The 21st-Century Learner, p. 11. 16
  17. 17. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 17 21st Century Skills http://pict.sdsu.edu/engauge21st.pdf
  18. 18. Partnership for 21st Century Skills 18 http://www.p21.org/
  19. 19. A Wordle rendering of the P21 framework June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 19 http://www.wordle.net/show/wrdl/1218621/21st_Century_Skills
  20. 20. Kentucky in P21 June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 20 http://education.ky.gov/curriculum/docs/Pages/KY-Model-Curriculum-Framework.aspx
  21. 21. Kentucky Model Curriculum Framework 2011 June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 21 http://education.ky.gov/curriculum/docs/Documents/Kentucky%20Model%20Curriculu m%20Framework%202011%20revised%20July%2026.pdf /
  22. 22. Kentucky’s thinking on 21st century skills June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 22 http://www.pbs.org/program/digital-media/
  23. 23. Another 21st century organization About ATC21S • The Assessment and Teaching of 21st-Century Skills (ATC21S) is a research project that proposes ways of assessing 21st-century skills and encourages teaching and adopting those skills in the classroom. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 23
  24. 24. A 21st century process based on Kuhlthau Guided Inquiry 24 https://comminfo.rutgers.edu/~kuhlthau/docs/GI-School-Librarians-in-the- 21-Century.pdf
  25. 25. The book Guided Inquiry: Learning in the 21st Century • Carol C. Kuhlthau, Leslie K. Maniotes, and Ann K. Caspari • October 2007, Libraries Unlimited • Based on Kuhlthau’s six stage Information Search Process, the authors present a convincing argument for recasting Guided Inquiry as a dynamic, innovative way of developing information literacy. Part I discusses the theory and rationale behind adopting a Guided Inquiry approach, as the authors elucidate the expertise, roles, and responsibilities of each member of the instructional team. Part II presents the model in terms of its component parts. PreK-12. 25
  26. 26. 26 How do we put it all together? Use the school library! *Now more than 20 states—including New Jersey
  27. 27. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 27
  28. 28. Another school library study June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 28 Phase 1 Report July 2010 Phase 2 Report Sept. 2011 http://www.njasl.info/wp- content/NJ_study/2012_StudyOverview.pdf
  29. 29. A Study from 2012 June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 29 http://www.slj.com/2013/03/research/librarian-required-a- new-study-shows-that-a-full-time-school-librarian-makes- a-critical-difference-in-boosting-student-achievement/ http://paschoollibraryproject.org/research
  30. 30. Where do these studies come from? June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 30 http://cissl.rutgers.edu/
  31. 31. 31 Keith Curry Lance What Research Tells Us About the Importance of School Libraries • At this point . . . there is a clear consensus in the results now [2002] available for eight states*: School libraries are a powerful force in the lives of America's children. The school library is one of the few factors whose contribution to academic achievement has been documented empirically, and it is a contribution that cannot be explained away by other powerful influences on student performance. • White House Conference on School Libraries • *19 states—see *Now 21 states with Pennsylvania 2012
  32. 32. 32 A European view School Library and School Librarianship • The stream of information from TV channels, Internet, CD-ROMs, computer programmes etc. is unending. If the students, when they become adult citizens, are not to feel lost and helpless in the face of such rich sources of information, they must learn [to] devise personal strategies for information retrieval while they are still at school. Information Literacy and “strategies for independent learning skill development” are key components of any school library. • From a White Paper by Gert Larsen, School Library Advisor, Albertslund, Denmark, p. 7 • Part of Project GrandSlam - General Research and New Development in School Libraries As Multimedia Learning Centres
  33. 33. June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 33 The Key Concept? Competence and comfort with information and information sources • Information literacy is the solution to Data Smog. It allows us to cope by giving us the skills to know when we need information and where to locate it effectively and efficiently. It includes the technological skills needed to use the modern library as a gateway to information. It enables us to analyze and evaluate the information we find, thus giving us confidence in using that information to make a decision or create a product. • Introduction to Information Literacy, Association for College and Research Libraries (a division of the American Library Association)
  34. 34. Closing observation June 16, 2014 Information Literacy 34 http://www.kentuckyteacher.org/kentucky-teacher-of-the-year/2012/04/21st-century-skills- need-21st-century-assessment/
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