Graphic novels in elementary school


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Graphic novels in elementary school

  1. 1. Graphic Novels in Elementary School—or are they just Comics?<br />ELE 616 Research in Children’s Literature<br />
  2. 2. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />2<br />What is a Graphic Novel?<br />WordNet:a lexical database for the English language<br />Define graphic?<br />S:(adj) graphic, graphical, in writing(written or drawn or engraved) "graphic symbols"<br />S: (adj) graphic (describing nudity or sexual activity in graphic detail) "graphic sexual scenes"<br />S: (adj) graphic (of or relating to the graphic arts) "the etchings, drypoints, lithographs, and engravings which together form his graphic work"- British Book News<br />S: (adj) graphic, graphical (relating to or presented by a graph) "a graphic presentation of the data"<br />S: (adj) graphic, lifelike, pictorial, vivid(evoking lifelike images within the mind) "pictorial poetry and prose"; "graphic accounts of battle"; "a lifelike portrait"; "a vivid description"<br />
  3. 3. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />3<br />What is a Graphic Novel?<br />From <br />Suddenly a totally new genre is every where we look. Is a graphic novel a comic book? Yes, sort of, not quite. It looks like a comic book, sort of. <br />Is it a "novel?" Yes, because it tells a fictional story of some length. <br />What makes it "graphic?" Well, a great deal of the story is told by the pictures, the graphics. Which makes graphic novels a new way to read.<br />
  4. 4. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />4<br />Define Graphic Novel?<br />graphic novel<br />A term coined by Will Eisner to describe his semi-autobiographicalnovelA Contract with God (1978), written and illustrated in comic book style, the first work in a new format in which an extended narrative is presented as a continuous sequence of pictorial images printed in color or black and white and arranged panel-to-panel, with text given in captions and dialogue usually enclosed in balloons. . . . This new literary form is viewed with suspicion by traditionalists who regard it as a marketing ploy aimed at attracting adultreaders to comic books by removing the stigma attached to them. Click here to read the entry on graphic novels in Wikipedia or see the Yahoo! list of graphic novel Web sites. See also: fotonovela. <br />
  5. 5. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />5<br />A Contract With God?<br />A Contract With God and Other Tenement Stories<br />This collection of four stories takes us back to the Bronx of the 1930s as seen through Eisner's own eyes, when tenement blocks were crammed with European immigrants jostling their way to a better life. <br />
  6. 6. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />6<br />Aren’t they just book-length comics?<br />Graphic novels represent a format, rather than a genre. <br />Comics are presented in a format defined as sequential art – thus the panels, the text bubbles, and all of the usual trademarks of your local newspaper’s comic strips. In terms of genre, remember that while superhero tales traditionally dominated the comics industry in the U.S., today's graphic novels range into every possible genre, from literary fiction to memoir to fantasy.<br />More Than Words: Graphic Novels in Kentucky's Libraries.Graphic Novels: Where to Start? By Robin Brenner<br />
  7. 7. Benefits of graphic novels?<br />Benefits of reading and using graphic novels include, but are not limited to, sequencing and showing dialogue between characters. Most importantly, graphic novels can hook reluctant readers into becoming interested and enthusiastic readers. <br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />7<br />
  8. 8. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />8<br />Useful Resources byMichele Gorman<br />Getting Graphic! Using Graphic Novels to Promote Literacy with Preteens and Teensby Michele GormanLinworth, 2003 <br />Graphic Novels Rule! The Latest and Greatest for Young Kids: The latest and greatest comics for young kids By Michele Gorman -- School Library Journal, 3/1/2008<br />
  9. 9. Other resources from Michele<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />9<br />
  10. 10. Graphic Novels:Here to Stay!<br />Graphic novels exist in a broad range of genres: humor, romance, suspense, political satire, soap operas, horror, porn, Japanese manga, nonfiction journalism. In 2006, Publishers Weekly reported, 2,800 new titles were published. For the first time, graphic novels surpassed standard comic books in sales, $330 million to $310 million.<br />"The days when publishers aimed at only 15-year-old boys - or 50-year-old men who are shopping for their inner 15-year-old - those days are over," said Calvin Reid of Publishers Weekly. <br />The big battle: It's edge versus respectability as graphic novels go mainstream <br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />10<br />
  11. 11. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />11<br />Are graphic novels just for adults?<br />Not at all!<br />The good news for those of you who happen to be working with elementary-age children is that there are many graphic novels currently available for this audience that are not only age-appropriate but also praiseworthy for their imaginative story lines, interesting characters, and captivating illustrations. <br />Graphic Novels for Younger Readers by Michele Gorman <br />
  12. 12. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />12<br />Not Just for Adults Anymore <br />"Little Lit" provides comix for kids<br />Art Spiegelman's "Maus" helped shift public perception of comicbooks away from mere juvenilia. Now he's trying to push it back down the age ladder again. Co-edited with his wife, Francoise Mouly, Spiegelman has produced "Little Lit: Strange Stories for Strange Kids," a comicbook for children, or more accurately, a delightful album of sophisticated, G-rated comix.<br />Time Web Exclusive | Andrew Arnold <br />
  13. 13. Maus?<br />Winner of the Pulitzer Prize and acclaimed as "the most affecting and successful narrative ever done about the Holocaust "(The Wall Street Journal). The first volume introduces readers to VladekSpiegelman, a Jewish survivor of Hitler's Europe, and his son, a cartoonist trying to come to terms with his father, his father's terrifying story, and history itself.<br /><br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />13<br />
  14. 14. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />14<br />Graphic Novels for Young Adults<br />No Flying, No Tights<br />Why is this site here?I just want to broadcast my opinions to the world! Actually, no -- I decided to create a page devoted to graphic novel reviews specifically for those who read them the most -- mainly teens -- and for those who might be involved in distributing them to teens -- namely teachers, librarians, and parents.<br />Robin Brenner, by day a mild-mannered library technician at Cary Memorial Library in Lexington, Massachusetts <br />See alsoGraphic Novels 101: FAQ <br />
  15. 15. But that’s for teens! This one’s for younger kids!<br />This site is specifically devoted to presenting graphic novel reviews for kids and those who work with them, including librarians, teachers, and parents. It used to be that comics were, generally, for kids -- but this is no longer true! In today's comics, the stories are most often aimed at adults and teens, and there are fewer and fewer titles for kids. Thus, the creation of this site to help you all navigate the murky waters of comic book stores and graphic novel sections to make sure you're getting what's right for you!<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />15<br />
  16. 16. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />16<br />Bone<br />No Bones About It <br />A TIME top ten graphic novel <br />Bone combines the humor and look of early Disney movies with the scope of the Lord of the Rings cycle. Smith draws characters that are both cute and scary, infusing every panel with dynamic energy. The best all-ages novel yet published in this medium, while children will read Bone for its breathless adventure and sight gags, older kids and adults will appreciate the themes of blind fanaticism and corrupting power.<br />All-TIME Graphic Novels<br />
  17. 17. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />17<br />Amy Unbounded <br />*Amy Unbounded: BelondwegBlossoming — Recommended<br />Amy Unbounded is one of the most charming series in comics. Amy is an imaginative, rambunctious nine-year-old, the daughter of a weaver and a barbarian ex-warrior clockbuilder living in the queendom of Goredd. Until now, she’s been independent, but as she becomes aware that she’s growing up, she has hints that becoming an adult might not be a completely pleasant experience. Previously, she’d get carried away in her fantasies about living lives more interesting than her own. Although her silliness usually has a positive effect on those around her, she’s learning when *not* to make herself part of the story.<br />
  18. 18. For a young child to read a graphic novel, much less a wordless one, many essential literacy skills are required, including the ability to understand a sequence of events, interpret characters’ nonverbal gestures, discern the story’s plot, and make inferences. Best of all, these skills don’t merely apply to Owly or to graphic novels. They are the critical skills that govern all reading comprehension, making Bryonna’s triumph with Owly into a lesson that has also helped her with other reading materials.<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />18<br />
  19. 19. Owly?<br />Owly is a kind, yet lonely, little owl who knows what it means to be human. Relying on a mixture of symbols and expressions, these animated and heartwarming tales are a perfect read for all ages. <br />The first graphic novel in the series contains two enchanting novellas, "The Way Home" & "The Bittersweet Summer," wherein Owly discovers the meaning of friendship, and that saying goodbye doesn't always mean forever. <br />Catalog blurb for Owly (Vol 1): The Way HomePreview<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />19<br />
  20. 20. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />20<br />
  21. 21. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />21<br />
  22. 22. Pinky and Stinky?<br />Creator: James Kochalka<br />The story: Pinky and Stinky are two piglets on a mission to Pluto. Space is a dangerous place, however, and their rocket is hit by an asteroid, forcing them to crash land on the moon.<br />See Review by Christine<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />22<br />
  23. 23. Buzzboy?<br />Meet Buzzboy...the World's most upbeat super hero! Drawn in the style of the "Adventures" animated TV series, Buzzboy is chock-full of action, humor, and overall weirdness that makes it just good, free-for-all fun.<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />23<br />
  24. 24. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />24<br />Barry Ween(Series)<br />Meet Barry Ween, the smartest living human. What does a ten-year-old boy do with a 350 I.Q.? Anything he wants. Cranky, egotistical, arrogant, and foul-mouthed, Barry wants to conduct his experiments and be left alone, but it never seems to work out. Hurdles that Barry must outmaneuver range from time warps, to art thieves, to accidentally turning his best friend into a dinosaur.<br />Meet the Gang | Preview the IssuesFind Out Why Everyone Loves Barry Ween!<br />
  25. 25. A Bear-type Graphic Novel?<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />25<br />About The Last of the Polar Bears<br />The Last of the Polar Bears is a work-in-progress graphic novel about a mother polar bear and her two cubs as they struggle to survive in the warming Arctic of the near future. Pages are posted two at a time, like a book spread, as they are meant to be viewed. I look forward to introducing you to Ursula, Stella, and Nanook, and hope you’ll join us on their epic journey across the harsh environment and into maturity.<br />
  26. 26. A Native American series<br />Adventures of Rabbit and Bear Paws <br />is for the young and the young at heart. This series is set in 1750’s colonized North America and features the comical adventures of two brothers, Rabbit and Bear Paws. Using Traditional Native Teachings and humour, the stories are based on THE SEVEN FIRES PROPHECIES and THE SEVEN GRANDFATHERS.<br />About Us<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />26<br />
  27. 27. The year is 50 BC, and all Gaul is occupied. Only one small village of indomitable Gauls still holds out against the invaders. <br />But how much longer can Asterix, Obelix and their friends resist the mighty Roman legions of Julius Caesar? Anything is possible, with a little cunning plus the druid Getafix's magic potions! Their effects can be truly hair-raising …<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />27<br />
  28. 28. A Belgian comic<br />Spirou (1938 – present)<br />Spirou magazine is without a doubt one of the most important Belgian comics magazines, along with Tintin. While Tintin was famous for its serious, realistic stories, Spirou stood out for its humor and freshness. Unlike its contemporaries, it is probably the only Belgian magazine from the mid-20th century that is still around, although only a glimpse of its original beauty.<br />See also Spirou et Fantasio, about Spirou the character<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />28<br />
  29. 29. In the beginning . . .<br />On October 23, 1958 the Smurfs made their first appearance in a story of Johan & Peewit in “Le Journal de Spirou”. Their creator Peyo had worked previously at a number of drawing jobs. But the introduction of the Smurfs into Spirou would change his life.<br />Facts<br />Peyo<br />Meet Us<br />News<br /><br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />29<br />
  30. 30. The Little Prince<br />Graphic novel version<br />“. . . Sfar’scomic may well appeal to real kids more than the original does. Its philosophical pronouncements, while wise as ever, are gently embedded in the story rather than acting as punctuation marks on each short chapter. Sfar transforms Saint-Exupéry’s voice — still a bit stuffy for kids, a bit snide for adults — into a living person, who dearly loves his Little Prince. (One effective sequence, invented by Sfar, has the Prince leaping from atop the plane in a joyous somersault to play with a delighted Saint-Exupéry.) <br />A Star to Steer By, by Dan Kois, New York Times, November 5, 2010<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />30<br />
  31. 31. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />31<br />Manga<br />What is Manga?<br />Manga can be roughly translated as "comic books“; in reality it is a much more complex subject. Manga can include almost every subject imaginable from funny stories to serious literature. Technical manuals and even legal case histories have been released in manga format. Looking at some books about manga, especially those of Frederik Schodt, will probably be the best way to understand this unique form of publishing.<br />Anime and Manga Terminology, a section of The Librarian's Guide to Anime and Manga, a website authored by Gilles Poitras<br />
  32. 32. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />32<br />What about anime?<br />What is anime? (ah-nee-may, is one way to romanize the pronunciation)<br />Anime, as defined by common fan usage, is simply any animation that is made in Japan for a Japanese audience. In Japan the word simply means any animation made anywhere in the world. Commercial anime dates back to 1917. Modern anime dates from the 1960s with the work of Osamu Tezuka, best known in the U.S. for "Astro Boy", Tetsuwan Atom in the original Japanese.<br />Anime and Manga Terminology<br />
  33. 33. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />33<br />Who reads manga?<br />How big is manga in the US?<br />Manga sales in the US have escalated in the past decade, from $60 million in 2002 to $200 million in 2007.In fact, the explosive popularity of manga along with the cross-promotion of American comics through Hollywood are the driving forces behind the increasing prominence of graphic novels in the United States overall.<br />Prough, J. (2010). Marketing Japan: Manga as Japan’s New Ambassador. ASIANetworkExchange, 17, 3. 54-68.<br />
  34. 34. Manga for Boys<br />Shonen <br />Shonen manga literally means "comics for boys." The genre includes action-packed, dramatic and humorous stories about sports, adventure, superheroes and sci-fi. These comics are primarily written to appeal to males between the ages of 8 to 18, but its appeal doesn’t stop there: Many girls, young adults and businessmen regularly buy, read and enjoy shonenmanga series such as Naruto, Bleach and Slam Dunk.<br />Introduction to Shonen Manga<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />34<br />
  35. 35. Nonfiction in graphic format<br />Graphic Novels, Seriously<br />Despite their nascent popularity, graphic novels are often still typecast as hewing only to the superhero plot line, invoking the male power fantasy. While fantasy is still a mainstay of the genre, the scope and diversity of the graphic novel has broadened to include much more sophisticated subject matter, including nonfiction, biography, and compelling narratives melded from on-the-ground reporting and research from some of the world's latest war-torn and traumatized regions.<br />Evan St. Lifer -- School Library Journal, 8/1/2002<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />35<br />
  36. 36. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />36<br />Clan Apis <br />is the biography a honey bee named Nyuki. Written and drawn by biologist Jay Hosler, this story explores an elaborate insect society. Nyuki has a lot to learn about life in the hive and not much time to do it. But, with help of her sister Dvorah, a dung beetle named Sisyphus and a sarcastic flower named Bloomington, she might have a chance to figure it all out. <br />
  37. 37. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />37<br />Howtoons Volume #1: Tools of Mass Construction-Nick Dragotta, Saul Griffith, and Ingrid Dragotta. <br />
  38. 38. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />38<br />A graphic novel publisher<br />So, what the heck is Oni Press?<br />Oni Press, Inc. was founded in 1997 by Joe Nozemack and Bob Schreck with the goal of publishing the kinds of comics and graphic novels they themselves would want to read. Unsatisfied with the material that was dominating the industry, the men believed firmly that sequential art could be used to tell virtually any story.<br />FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS<br />
  39. 39. Graphic Library<br />Nonfiction Graphic History and Biography Books for Grades 3-9<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />39<br />Review from <br />Through The Looking Glass Children’s Book Review<br />
  40. 40. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />40<br />Graphics Oscars<br />The Will Eisner Comic Industry Awards:<br />The Awards are given out in more than two dozen categories covering the best publications and creators of the previous year (such as Best Short Story, Best Graphic Album, Best Writer, and so on). The finalists on the ballot are selected by a blue- ribbon committee that considers thousands of entries submitted by publishers and creators. The nominees are then voted on by all parts of the comic book industry: writers, artists, and other creators; publishers; editors; and retailers and distributors. <br />The "Oscars" of Comics  Eisner Awards Winners for 2010<br />
  41. 41. 2010 Eisner Winner<br />Best Publication for Kids:<br />The Wonderful Wizard of Ozhc, by L. Frank Baum, Eric Shanower, and Skottie Young (Marvel)<br />Verdict: Must Read<br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />41<br />
  42. 42. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />42<br />Harveys’ Comics Awards<br />The Harvey Awards are one of the comic book industry's oldest and most respected awards. The Harveys recognize outstanding achievements in over 20 categories, ranging from Best Artist to the Jack Kirby Hall of Fame. They are the only industry awards both nominated by and selected by the full body of comic book professionals. <br />History<br />Harvey Bio <br />
  43. 43. 2010 Best Original Graphic Publication For Younger Readers<br />The Muppet Show Comic Book #1<br />Writer(s): Roger Langridge<br />Artist(s): Roger Langridge<br />The incomparable Roger Langridge (Fred The Clown) brings his absurdist humor to The Muppet Show stage! Longing for the swamp, Kermit forlornly plucks his banjo, while Miss Piggy, Fozzie, Gonzo and the entire gang tries to jolly him out of his funk. <br />Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />43<br />
  44. 44. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />44<br />Ignatz Awards<br />The Ignatz Awards, named for the character in the classic comic strip Krazy Kat by George Herriman, is a festival prize that recognizes outstanding achievement in comics and cartooning. <br />
  45. 45. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />45<br />Do graphic novels have a place in elementary school?<br />
  46. 46. Graphic Novels--or Just Comics?<br />46<br />Just like “real” books<br />Shouldn’t kids read real books?<br />. . ., graphic novels offer the same benefits of regular books: introducing young people to new vocabulary, “book language,” and stories and information to teach them about their world and spark their imaginations. In fact, Stephen Weiner reports that “researchers concluded that the average graphic novel introduced readers to twice as many words as the average children’s book”1 and Francisca Goldsmith points out that “the kind of abstraction that competent and comfortable text reading requires is also demanded by the graphic novel.”2<br /><br />