Balancing the spectrum of the collection 2007Presentation Transcript
LIB 610 Collection Management Summer 2010 Balancing the Spectrum of the Collection
Newtonian physics Newton first used the word spectrum (Latin for "appearance" or "apparition") in print in 1671 in describing his experiments in optics. Newton observed that when a narrow beam of sunlight strikes the face of a glass prism at an angle, some is reflected and some of the beam passes into and through the glass, emerging as different colored bands. Visible spectrum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia 3
Spectrum requires a prism Estonian composer ArvoPärt: I could compare my music to white light which contains all colours. Only a prism can divide the colours and make them appear; this prism could be the spirit of the listener. about his music: Alina 4
Prism as a filter Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin: The biographer finds that the past is not simply the past, but a prism through which the subject filters his own changing self-image. Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1979). ‘‘Angles of Vision’’, in: Mark Pachter (Ed.), Telling Lives: the biographer’s art. Washington, DC: New Republic Books. Cited in Debate and Reflection: How to Write Journalism History 5
The goal of collection building? Amanda Credaro: “. . . the ultimate goal of collection development must be to create a ‘balanced’ collection . . .” The Use of Reviewing Journals in School Libraries balanced 6
What do you mean, balanced? Credaro: “. . . there is disagreement as to what actually constitutes a ‘balanced’ collection.” equal numbers of print and non-print resources? materials that present the arguments for both sides on controversial issues? a combination of both “demand” items and quality resources?
How can we tell? How do we know when we have “a well-balanced collection that meets the needs of our users”? “To evaluate the results of any particular intervention, we need to be able to clearly identify and define the desired state.” T. Scott Plutchak, “The art and science of making choices,” Journal of the Medical Library Association 2003 January; 91(1): 1–3.
Define your desired state! What is your library’s mission? Where, then, will be your point of balance?
A prism to view the full balanced spectrum Personal 10 Real Invented SMiley face
Two Continuums Real Invented Personal Smiley Face
Put ‘em together! Real Per so n a l SM il e y Invented
Application to Collections??? . . . and Dragons????
Top Left Sector of Matrix 14 Real Up close and personal—and real! Folklore: Folklore is the body of expressiveculture,includingtales,music,dance,legends,oral history,proverbs,jokes,popular beliefs,customs,material culture, and so forth, common to a particular population, comprising thetraditions(includingoral traditions) of that culture,subculture, orgroup.(Wikipedia) Personal Invented
Dragons in folklore 15 St. George and the Dragon / Egorii / Iurii / Georgii
Region: North Africa
Time Period: 3rd and 4th Century AD
References in Literature: The Faerie Queen by Edmund Spenser
Sources: Everyone – He’s very popular
Dragons in Folklore 16 The oriental dragon is very different in appearance to the Occidental dragon. The tales differ just as much. In China the dragon is a creature to be worshipped and respected. Although they can still be fierce, they are mainly called to for help in times of need, by the people of China. The Japanese dragons are very different in personality, sharing traits with the western dragons. However they are still known to be both benevolent on occasion and certainly respected by the Japanese people.
Dragons in Native American Folklore 17 The Seven Headed Dragon – Ojibwa Sacred Medicine Water – Caddo The Chenoo, or the, story of a cannibal with an icy heart -- A Passamaquoddy and Micmac Legend Search the First People website for other examples!
Bottom Left Sector of Matrix 18 Invented, but Personal Real Personal Quality literature, sometimes adaptations, or else original writing, with universal appeal and meaning for everyman and everywoman Invented
An invented dragon who is very personal (if not exactly loveable!) 19 Smaug Smaug the Golden was a powerful, though greedy, reddish-gold dragon of Middle-earth, considered the mightiest Dragon of his time. He is the most prominent antagonist in The Hobbit. In the book, he lives in the Lonely Mountain, to the east of the Mirkwood Forest.
A good invented dragon 20 My Father’s Dragon A Newbery Honor–winning title and a favorite among children, My Father’s Dragon by Ruth Stiles Gannett, is a humorous adventure story about a clever and resourceful boy named Elmer Elevator, who runs away to Wild Island to rescue a baby dragon. My Father’s Dragon
Real Smileys! Top Right of the Matrix 21 Real Recognizable stories, but unoriginal and shallow
Invented smileys[perhaps contrived?] Bottom Right of the Matrix 23 Generic, unoriginal, impersonal, shallow Invented
An invented “smiley” dragon? 24 What about the Dazzling Dragon? When Princess Daisy hears that a real dragon is being brought into the Princess Academy, she is terrified. What will her friends think of her being such a scaredy cat? But later Princess Daisy has a chance to show how brave she really is... Blurb from The Tiara Club website
Evaluation instrument Part of inventory or selection/acquisition Create a scattergram How to use this PRISM? 25 Real Per so n a l Invented
Especially controversial ones! Balancing issues 26 ISSUE Personal COUNTERISSUE
27 Creationism Personal Evolution
Print vs. online Print Sources The originalnovels Personal http://www.hp-lexicon.org/ http://www.mugglenet.com http://www.jkrowling.com/ Online Sources
Important Native American Resource 29 Oyate Oyate is a Native organization working to see that our lives and histories are portrayed honestly, and so that all people will know our stories belong to us. For Indian children, it is as important as it has ever been for them to know who they are and what they come from. For all children, it is time to know and acknowledge the truths of history. Only then will they come to have the understanding and respect for each other that now, more than ever, will be necessary for life to continue. Oyate: About Us