Newton first used the word spectrum ( Latin for "appearance" or "apparition") in print in 1671 in describing his experiments in optics .
Newton observed that when a narrow beam of sunlight strikes the face of a glass prism at an angle, some is reflected and some of the beam passes into and through the glass, emerging as different colored bands.
Visible spectrum From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
I could compare my music to white light which contains all colours. Only a prism can divide the colours and make them appear; this prism could be the spirit of the listener.
about his music : Alina
Prism as a filter
Historian Doris Kearns Goodwin:
The biographer finds that the past is not simply the past, but a prism through which the subject filters his own changing self-image.
Goodwin, Doris Kearns (1979). ‘‘Angles of Vision’’, in: Mark Pachter (Ed.), Telling Lives: the biographer’s art. Washington, DC: New Republic Books. Cited in Debate and Reflection: How to Write Journalism History
The goal of collection building?
“ . . . the ultimate goal of collection development must be to create a ‘balanced’ collection . . .”
The Use of Reviewing Journals in School Libraries
What do you mean, balanced ?
“ . . . there is disagreement as to what actually constitutes a ‘balanced’ collection.”
equal numbers of print and non-print resources?
materials that present the arguments for both sides on controversial issues?
a combination of both “demand” items and quality resources?
How can we tell?
How do we know when we have “a well-balanced collection that meets the needs of our users”?
“ To evaluate the results of any particular intervention, we need to be able to clearly identify and define the desired state.”
T. Scott Plutchak, “ The art and science of making choices ,” Journal of the Medical Library Association 2003 January; 91(1): 1–3.
Define your desired state!
What is your library’s mission?
Where, then, will be your point of balance?
A prism to view the full balanced spectrum
R eal I nvented SM iley face
Personal Smiley Face
Put ‘em together! Per so n a l SM i l e y Real Invented
Application to Collections??? . . . and Dragons????
Top Left Sector of Matrix
Up close and personal—and real!
Real Personal Folklore : Folklore is the body of expressive culture , including tales , music , dance , legends , oral history , proverbs , jokes , popular beliefs , customs, material culture , and so forth, common to a particular population, comprising the traditions (including oral traditions ) of that culture, subculture , or group . ( Wikipedia ) Invented
Dragons in folklore
St. George and the Dragon / Egorii / Iurii / Georgii
Region: North Africa
Time Period: 3rd and 4th Century AD
References in Literature: The Faerie Queen by Edmund Spenser
Sources: Everyone – He’s very popular
Dragons in Folklore
The oriental dragon is very different in appearance to the Occidental dragon. The tales differ just as much. In China the dragon is a creature to be worshipped and respected. Although they can still be fierce, they are mainly called to for help in times of need, by the people of China. The Japanese dragons are very different in personality, sharing traits with the western dragons. However they are still known to be both benevolent on occasion and certainly respected by the Japanese people.
Dragons in Native American Folklore
The Seven Headed Dragon – Ojibwa
Sacred Medicine Water – Caddo
The Chenoo, or the, story of a cannibal with an icy heart -- A Passamaquoddy and Micmac Legend
Search the First People website for other examples!
Bottom Left Sector of Matrix
Invented, but Personal
Real Personal Invented Quality literature, sometimes adaptations, or else original writing, with universal appeal and meaning for everyman and everywoman
An invented dragon who is very personal (if not exactly loveable!)
Smaug the Golden was a powerful, though greedy, reddish-gold dragon of Middle-earth , considered the mightiest Dragon of his time. He is the most prominent antagonist in The Hobbit . In the book, he lives in the Lonely Mountain , to the east of the Mirkwood Forest .
A good invented dragon
My Father’s Dragon
A Newbery Honor–winning title and a favorite among children, My Father’s Dragon by Ruth Stiles Gannett, is a humorous adventure story about a clever and resourceful boy named Elmer Elevator, who runs away to Wild Island to rescue a baby dragon.
My Father’s Dragon
Top Right of the Matrix Real Recognizable stories, but unoriginal and shallow
Dragon stories that are real smileys?
In this first of the Dragon Slayers’ Academy series, Wiglaf, the put-upon sensitive son in a family of louts, heads off to school along with his faithful pet pig, Daisy. . . . This lightweight, amusing adventure rattles right along, without pretensions and with, given the series title, a resolution that cleverly avoids violence--Wiglaf slays the dragon with bad jokes. An entertaining confection. (b&w illustrations, not seen) (Fiction. 7-10)
Bottom Right of the Matrix Invented Generic, unoriginal, impersonal, shallow
An invented “smiley” dragon?
What about the Dazzling Dragon?
When Princess Daisy hears that a real dragon is being brought into the Princess Academy, she is terrified. What will her friends think of her being such a scaredy cat? But later Princess Daisy has a chance to show how brave she really is...
Blurb from The Tiara Club website
Part of inventory or selection/acquisition
Create a scattergram
How to use this PRISM? Per so n a l Real Invented
Especially controversial ones!
Personal COUNTERISSUE ISSUE
Creationism Evolution Personal
Print vs. online Personal Print Sources Online Sources http://www.hp-lexicon.org / http://www.mugglenet.com http://www.jkrowling.com/ The original novels
Important Native American Resource
Oyate is a Native organization working to see that our lives and histories are portrayed honestly, and so that all people will know our stories belong to us. For Indian children, it is as important as it has ever been for them to know who they are and what they come from. For all children, it is time to know and acknowledge the truths of history. Only then will they come to have the understanding and respect for each other that now, more than ever, will be necessary for life to continue.