A brand is a name, term, sign, symbol or design, or a combination of them, intended to identify the goods or services of one seller or group of sellers and to differentiate them from those of competitors.
The Role of Brands Identify the maker Simplify product handling Organize accounting Offer legal protection
The Role of Brands Signify quality Create barriers to entry Serve as a competitive advantage Secure price premium
BAV Key Components Differentiation Degree to which a brand is seen different Energy Brand’s Sense of Momentum Relevance Breadth of brand’s appeal Esteem How well the brand is respected Knowledge How familiar and intimate consumers are Brand Strength Brand Stature
Power Grid Brand Strength Brand Stature Up-coming / Niche Low earning / High Potential Leaders High earning / High Potential Declining Leaders High earning / Low Potential Eroded / Commoditized Seriously Challenged New / Underdeveloped
Table 10.2 The 10 Most Valuable Brands $22.13 Mercedes-Benz $27.50 McDonald’s $27.85 Disney $27.94 Toyota $30.13 Nokia $38.32 Intel $48.91 GE $56.20 IBM $56.93 Microsoft $67.00 Coca-Cola 2006 Brand Value (Billions) Brand