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Bioethics Paternalism
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Bioethics Paternalism

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  • 1. THE MORAL ISSUE OFJOFRED M. MARTINEZ, RNCHAPTER 9
  • 2. Meng Tze or Mencius
  • 3. Feeling of helpfulness and commiserationFeeling of shame and dislikeFeeling of modesty and yieldingSense of right and wrong
  • 4. Human - heartednessRighteousnessProprietyWisdom
  • 5. “All men have a mind which cannot bearto see the suffering of others…”
  • 6. From the Latin pater „father‟ or paternus‘fatherly’ paternalism means the act ofbeing fatherly to someone.This is in keeping with Mencius’s sense ofhuman-heartedness.
  • 7. With regard to the recipient’s welfare, paternalismmay be either pure or impure.Pure paternalism justifies intervention into a person’slife for the sole welfare of that person.Impure paternalism justifies interference with anotherperson not only for that person’s welfare but alsofor the welfare of another.
  • 8. With regard to the recipient’s defect and safety,paternalism may be either restricted or intended.Restricted paternalism supports interventions whichoverrides an individual’s action because of somedefect or weakness in that individual.Extended paternalism is one in which an individual isrestrained from doing something because it istoo risky or dangerous.
  • 9. With regard to the promotion of good and preventionof harm, paternalism may be either bepositive or negative.
  • 10. With regard to the recipient’s sense of value,paternalism may be either soft or hard.In a soft paternalistic act, the patient’s values areused to justify the intervention with his possibleaction or decision.In hard paternalism, the patient’s values are not theones used to justify a paternalistic act.
  • 11. With regard to the recipient’s benefit, paternalism may beeither direct or indirect.In a direct paternalistic act, the individual whoshould received the supposed benefit is theone whose values are overridden ordisregarded for his own good.In indirect paternalism, a particular individualwill be benefited if one person is restrainedfrom doing something.
  • 12. With regard to the recipient’s benefit, paternalism may beeither direct or indirect.In a direct paternalistic act, the individual whoshould received the supposed benefit is theone whose values are overridden ordisregarded for his own good.In indirect paternalism, a particular individualwill be benefited if one person is restrainedfrom doing something.