Strep throat
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Strep throat

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    Strep throat Strep throat Presentation Transcript

    • Strep Throat
      By: Erin Mignogna-Dougherty
    • Causes and Transmission
      How is it transmitted?
      Causes
      • A Streptococcus bacteria
      • Sharing Water bottles
      • Touching doorknobs, desks, etc. that have the bacteria
      • Coming in close contact with someone who is infected
    • Who Is At Risk?
      • Anyone can be infected
      • Around throughout out the year
      • However….
      • Most commonly found in children ages 5-15
      • Most commonly found during late spring and early fall
    • Signs and Symptoms
      • Fever
      • Red throat, sometimes with white patches
      • Sore throat
      • Headache
      • Stomach ache
      • Nausea
      • Chills
      • Loss of appetite
      • Swollen lymph nodes
      • Difficulty swallowing
    • Diagnosis
      • Throat Culture- the doctor will take a swab and wipe the back of the throat, this swab is then cultured to test for the presence of bacteria. The test results could take 2 days.
      • Rapid Antigen Test- This test is performed the same way, however the test results can come back in a matter of minutes. This test detects whether or not there are any foreign substances in the throat.
    • Pathophysiology
      • Strep Throat is considered an acute illness
      • You can never become immune to Strep Throat
      • Strep throat is a bacterial infection in the throat and the tonsils. The throat gets irritated and inflamed, causing a sudden, severe sore throat.
    • Prevention
      • Strep throat can be prevented by doing simple things like…
      • Washing your hands often
      • Not sharing water bottles, glasses, etc.
      • Covering your mouth when sneezing and coughing
      • Getting new toothbrushes often
      • Strep Throat is not a terminal disease, however, it can be prevention
    • Treatment
      • Penicillin or amoxicillin is most traditionally prescribed when a strep test is positive
      • Penicillin is usually given in the form of injection when the patient suffers from difficulty of swallowing or vomiting
      • Amoxicillin is given to young children in the form of liquid or chewable tablets because it tastes better and does not require a needle
      • Even though symptoms may go away in a few day, antibiotics should be taken for the full course of treatment, which is usually about ten days