Causes <br />Both parents MUST have the sickle cell trait<br />Trace cells may be found<br />Is not communicable (unless both parents have traits)<br />Genetics counselor <br />
Etiology<br />No incubation period<br />Signs and symptoms may appear after four months of age<br />Will have disease for entire life<br />Bone Marrow Operations <br />
Detection<br />Genetics counselor will test both parents for the genes<br />Complete Blood Count (CBC)<br />Hemoglobin electrophoresis <br />
Signs and Symptoms<br />Attacks of abdominal pain, bone pain, breathlessness, delayed growth and puberty, fatigue, fever, paleness, rapid heart rate, ulcers on the lower legs, and yellowing of the eyes. <br />
Painful Episodes<br />May happen very often or very little.<br />Some may require hospitalization<br />Abdominal pain, bone pain, and breathlessness are most common<br />
Why?<br />This disease occurs because of the shape of the red blood cells. <br />There “sickle” shape make them inadequate for carrying oxygen to the body tissues.<br />Very common in African Americans and those of Caribbean decent. <br />
Prevention<br />Keep up with vaccinations to avoid infections. <br />Consult a Genetics counselor before having children.<br />Test early for your newborn<br />Take proper precautions for your children in every day activities<br />Encourage that they live a normal life. <br />
Prognosis<br />No known cure for this disease<br />Usually, there is death between 20-40 years of age due to infection and your body’s inability to fight it off. <br />Although, new treatments give hope to live through out your 50s. <br />
Site<br />http://www.ornl.gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/posters/chromosome/sca.shtml<br />All info in paper and slide are from his site<br />
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