Body System & LocationThe heart is It is locatedpart of the in thecirculatory center- leftsystem portion of your chest
Heart’s Function• Pumps oxygen rich blood to every living cell in the body.• Pumps 2,000 gallons of blood a day.
Statistics• The U.S. performs more than 2,000 heart transplants each year.• About 81% of all people who receive heart transplants survive for at least 1 year.• About 75% survive 3 years, and 68% survive 5 years. About 50% survive 10 years.
• There are approximately 3,000 patients on the heart transplant waiting list.• 10% of those waiting will die.• Wait times vary from days to several months and will depend on a recipients blood type and condition
Medical Conditions• Severe, spreading chest pain that can no longer be treated with medications or other surgery.• Severe heart failure that medicine or surgery can’t fix.• Heart defects that were present at birth.• Abnormal heart beats that are life threatening and will not respond to other treatments.
Donor Requirements • Donor must be brain dead and no older than 65 years old • Donor can not have a history of heart disease or blood disease (HIV/hepatitis) and must be an organ donor. • Recommend that the donor’s heart not be without blood circulation for more
Recipient’s Requirements • Can’t be malnourished. • Must be under 55 years old • Have had no severe strokes, dementia, HIV, hepatit is or cancer • They can not have insulin- dependent diabetes or other organs that do not work properly • Have kidney, lung, nerve, or liver diseases. • They must not smoke or abuse alcohol and any other drugs.
Where to Go• Hahnemann University Hospital• Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center• University of Pennsylvania Medical Center And Health System• Thomas Jefferson University Hospital• Temple University Hospital• Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC• Allegheny General Hospital• University of Pittsburgh Medical Center-Presbyterian
The Procedure • Usually 4-12 hours, or longer. • Expect to stay in the hospital for 7-21 days after receiving a heart. • The cost is $50,000 to $287,00 • The average cost is $148,000 • Donor doesn’t pay, they’re dead.
Post Surgery • Biopsies are done every month during the first 6 to 12 months after transplant • must take drugs that prevent transplant rejection for the rest of your life. • Go back to normal activiteswhen they feel they are ok—Doctor permitting • Avoid vigorous physical activity. • To make sure that you do not develop coronary disease after a transplant, you will have cardiac catheterization every year.
Post Transplant Diet• Avoid greasy, fatty foods• No smoking• Very restrictive with alcohol and caffeine