Who gets CF? 1 in 29 Caucasian Americans have the CF gene but do not have any symptoms To have the symptoms of CF, a person must inherit two defective CF genes- one from each parent Most children are diagnosed by age 2 Most common, deadly, inherited disease of Caucasians in the U.S.
Etiology No incubation period Signs Delayed growth Weight loss Increased coughing Chronic lung infections
Etiology Continued Symptoms Nausea Nasal congestion Sinus pain or pressure Stomach pain Fatigue Loss of appetite Fever Increased sweat production
Diagnosis Blood test to look for variation in the gene known to cause CF Immunoreactivetrypsinogen (IRT) test screens newborns and a high level of IRT suggests possible CF Sweat Chloride Test is the standard test for CF. A high salt level in the person’s sweat is a sign of the disease
Pathophysiology Chronic disease Pulmonary, gastrointestinal, heart, and reproductive problems are all common Pulmonary Chronic infections of the lung emphytsema progressive respiratory insufficiency Heart Pulmonary Heart Disease Overproduction of red blood cells Gastrointestinal pancreatic insufficiency intestinal obstruction cirrhosis of the liver Reproductive 98% infertility in males
Prognosis and Treatment There is no cure or a way to prevent Cystic Fibrosis The average life span is approximately 35 years Death is usually caused by lung complications Treatment includes Antibiotics Inhaler medicines Oxygen therapy Diet high in protein and calories Pancreatic enzymes Vitamin supplements