Michelle Rhine<br />Cystic Fibrosis<br />Also known as CF<br />
Causes<br /><ul><li>The most common cause is the absence of three base pairs in the DNA
This is the most common mutation</li></li></ul><li>Transmitted<br /><ul><li>Inherited from parents
It is not communicable</li></li></ul><li>Who gets CF?<br />1 in 29 Caucasian Americans have the CF gene but do not have an...
Etiology<br />No incubation period<br />Signs<br />Delayed growth<br />Weight loss<br />Increased coughing<br />Chronic lu...
Etiology Continued<br />Symptoms<br />Nausea<br />Nasal congestion<br />Sinus pain or pressure<br />Stomach pain<br />Fati...
Diagnosis<br />Blood test to look for variation in the gene known to cause CF<br />Immunoreactivetrypsinogen (IRT) test sc...
Pathophysiology<br />Chronic disease<br />Pulmonary, gastrointestinal, heart, and reproductive problems are all common<br ...
Prognosis and Treatment<br />There is no cure or a way to prevent Cystic Fibrosis<br />The average life span is approximat...
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Cystic fibrosis

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Cystic fibrosis

  1. 1. Michelle Rhine<br />Cystic Fibrosis<br />Also known as CF<br />
  2. 2. Causes<br /><ul><li>The most common cause is the absence of three base pairs in the DNA
  3. 3. This is the most common mutation</li></li></ul><li>Transmitted<br /><ul><li>Inherited from parents
  4. 4. It is not communicable</li></li></ul><li>Who gets CF?<br />1 in 29 Caucasian Americans have the CF gene but do not have any symptoms<br />To have the symptoms of CF, a person must inherit two defective CF genes- one from each parent<br />Most children are diagnosed by age 2<br />Most common, deadly, inherited disease of Caucasians in the U.S.<br />
  5. 5. Etiology<br />No incubation period<br />Signs<br />Delayed growth<br />Weight loss<br />Increased coughing<br />Chronic lung infections<br />
  6. 6. Etiology Continued<br />Symptoms<br />Nausea<br />Nasal congestion<br />Sinus pain or pressure<br />Stomach pain<br />Fatigue<br />Loss of appetite<br />Fever<br />Increased sweat production<br />
  7. 7. Diagnosis<br />Blood test to look for variation in the gene known to cause CF<br />Immunoreactivetrypsinogen (IRT) test screens newborns and a high level of IRT suggests possible CF<br />Sweat Chloride Test is the standard test for CF. A high salt level in the person’s sweat is a sign of the disease<br />
  8. 8. Pathophysiology<br />Chronic disease<br />Pulmonary, gastrointestinal, heart, and reproductive problems are all common<br />Pulmonary<br /> Chronic infections of the lung<br />emphytsema<br /> progressive respiratory insufficiency<br />Heart<br /> Pulmonary Heart Disease<br /> Overproduction of red blood cells<br />Gastrointestinal<br /> pancreatic insufficiency<br /> intestinal obstruction<br /> cirrhosis of the liver<br />Reproductive<br /> 98% infertility in males<br />
  9. 9. Prognosis and Treatment<br />There is no cure or a way to prevent Cystic Fibrosis<br />The average life span is approximately 35 years<br />Death is usually caused by lung complications<br />Treatment includes<br />Antibiotics<br />Inhaler medicines<br />Oxygen therapy<br />Diet high in protein and calories<br />Pancreatic enzymes<br />Vitamin supplements<br />
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