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  • 1. Cornea Transplant By: Pat, Sarah, & Alex
  • 2. Location Located in the nervous system of the body On the most outer layer of the eye
  • 3. Function Helps shield the eye from germs Functions like a window that controls and focuses the entry of light into the eye Contributes 65-75% of eyes total focusing power
  • 4. Information About 40,000 transplants done each year in the U.S 90% success rate of transplant At any given time there is 30-50 people waiting for a transplant
  • 5. Information  Life expectancy is not effected after a cornea transplant  There are no deaths for those who are waiting for a cornea transplant
  • 6. Reasons for transplant Cornea failure after an eye surgery Blindness Steep curving of the cornea Fuchs dystrophy Scarring after an infection
  • 7. DisqualifyCandidates are screened for physical signs of infection disease or behavior that have put them at risk, such as drug use, or unknown cause of death of donor
  • 8. Disqualify Some candidates might be disqualified from receiving a cornea transplant because of eye infection Sometime blindness can disqualify a candidate Low vision, risk might be too great
  • 9. Hospitals Jefferson Hospital University Of Colorado Hospital Etc.
  • 10. Information On Surgery Procedure lasts 1-2 Hrs Cost around $7,500
  • 11. Cornea Transplant Both heart beating and non heart beating donors can donate their corneas
  • 12. Therapy After Eye drops, and pills Restrictions: Use metal shield nightly Do not bend at waist No heavy exercise No swimming for 3 weeks
  • 13. Heart Transplants Chloe & Shannon
  • 14. Body System & LocationThe heart is It is locatedpart of the in thecirculatory center- leftsystem portion of your chest
  • 15. Heart’s Function Pumps oxygen rich blood to every living cell in the body. Pumps 2,000 gallons of blood a day.
  • 16. Statistics The U.S. performs more than 2,000 heart transplants each year. About 81% of all people who receive heart transplants survive for at least 1 year. About 75% survive 3 years, and 68% survive 5 years. About 50% survive 10 years.
  • 17.  There are approximately 3,000 patients on the heart transplant waiting list. 10% of those waiting will die. Wait times vary from days to several months and will depend on a recipients blood type and condition
  • 18. Medical Conditions Severe, spreading chest pain that can no longer be treated with medications or other surgery. Severe heart failure that medicine or surgery can’t fix. Heart defects that were present at birth. Abnormal heart beats that are life threatening and will not respond to other treatments.
  • 19. Donor Requirements  Donor must be brain dead and no older than 65 years old  Donor can not have a history of heart disease or blood disease (HIV/hepatitis) and must be an organ donor.  Recommend that the donor’s heart not be without blood circulation for more than 4 hours.
  • 20. Recipient’s Requirements  Can’t be malnourished.  Must be under 55 years old  Have had no severe strokes, dementia, HIV, hepatitis or cancer  They can not have insulin-dependent diabetes or other organs that do not work properly  Have kidney, lung, nerve, or liver diseases.  They must not smoke or abuse alcohol and any other drugs.
  • 21. Where to Go Hahnemann University Hospital Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center University of Pennsylvania Medical Center And Health System Thomas Jefferson University Hospital Temple University Hospital Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh of UPMC Allegheny General Hospital University of Pittsburgh Medical Center-Presbyterian
  • 22. The Procedure  Usually 4-12 hours, or longer.  Expect to stay in the hospital for 7-21 days after receiving a heart.  The cost is $50,000 to $287,00  The average cost is $148,000  Donor doesn’t pay, they’re dead.
  • 23. Anti-Rejection Meds Cyclosporin Prednisone Tacrolimus Cell-Cept
  • 24. Post Surgery  Biopsies are done every month during the first 6 to 12 months after transplant  must take drugs that prevent transplant rejection for the rest of your life.  Go back to normal activies when they feel they are ok—Doctor permitting  Avoid vigorous physical activity.  To make sure that you do not develop coronary disease after a transplant, you will have cardiac catheterization every year.
  • 25. Post Transplant Diet Avoid greasy,fatty foods No MacDonald’s No smoking Very restrictive with alcohol and caffeine