Warm Up: What is a Treaty? What are the consequences of a treaty?
In November 1919, the major countries that fought in World War I came together in France to make and sign a treaty. A treaty is an agreement that is signed by at least two countries and establishes rules those countries must follow. The treaty signed by these countries was designed to officially stop fighting and establish what the world was going to look like after World War I. Because the conference took place in a palace called Versailles, the conference came to be known as the Versailles Conference and the document they signed was called the Treaty of Versailles. Today, you and your classmates will conduct a simulation that is designed to reflect the real life Treaty of Versailles.
A formal agreement that ismade between 2 or morecountries which brings anend to a war or conflict. Inthe treaty, each country’sgovernment agrees tofollow certain rules orguidelines to prevent futureconflict.
A possible part of the peacetreaty in which Germanywould be blamed as guiltyfor having started thefighting in World War One.If included, this would allowthe Allies to assign otherpunishments to Germany.
2 areas of land on theborder between Franceand Germany. Theselands were rich in naturalresources like coal andiron. Both countries hadbeen fighting over whoowned these lands fordecades.
A penalty or punishmentin order to repay anothercountry for the damagesit suffered in a war. Thismoney was meant torepair lands, cities,factories, train tracks, andother things destroyed inthe fighting.
When a country decreasesthe size of its armedforces. Countries rarelychoose to do this on theirown; rather, it is usuallysomething they areforced to do by anothercountry.
An international associationwhere leaders from aroundthe world could meet. USPresident Woodrow Wilson(who wrote the plan)believed it would helpcountries resolve theirdifferences peacefully,instead of going to war.
#1 – Germany will have to give up Rhineland & Alsace-Lorraine … YES#2 – Germany must pay reparations … YES#3 – Germany will have to reduce its military…YES#4 – Austria-Hungary will be broken down into new countries … YES#5 – League of Nations will be established … YES
On the 11th hourof the 11th dayof the 11th monthWorld War I ended.
The leaders of England, France, Italy and the United States met at Versailles to discuss the peace settlement