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Ireland Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Ireland and her troubled relationship with the United Kingdom
  • 2. How is Ireland different: a Celtic past that's still alive
    • Celtic people settled in Ireland (and rest of British Isles) 2000 – 300 BC
    • Celtic language in Ireland is Irish Gaelic
    • Anglo-Saxon invaders of England never reached Ireland
    • English = language of the Angles
    • Listen to some Irish Gaelic:
  • 3. How is Ireland different: Catholic Ireland vs Protestant UK
    • Why did England become Protestant?
    • Henry VIII
    • ... and his wives
    • Henry takes control of the Church from the Pope (and all of the Church land ...)
    • But Ireland did not want to become Protestant!
  • 4. ... and the Catholic Irish continued fighting until ...
    • ... 12 July 1690: the Battle of the Boyne
    • (Protestant) King William III of Orange defeats (Catholic) James II
    • ... and the Orange Order still celebrate the victory.
  • 5. How is Ireland different: Ireland as a “colony” of Britain
    • “ Plantations”: land taken from Irish Catholics and given to English and Scottish settlers
    • Farming for exports, not to feed the Irish
    • Irish Catholics could not vote or be elected to the Irish Parliament
    • Potato famine 1840s: Irish starve while landowners export food from Ireland ...
  • 6. Irish independence - partly
    • Easter Rising 1916
    • Partition 1920/21: Irish Free State (later Republic of Ireland) established;
    • Northern Ireland remains part of the UK
  • 7. Northern Ireland 1921-1969
    • 2/3 Protestants, 1/3 Catholics
    • no armed struggle
    • discrimination of Catholics: no political influence, high unemployment, low income
    • 1969: Catholics inspired by events in the US:
    • the civil rights movement: march for your rights!
  • 8. Northern Ireland 1969-1998: “The Troubles”
    • Republicans (IRA and others) want Northern Ireland to become part of the Republic of Ireland, also known as nationalists (think all Irishmen belong to one nation). These are mostly Catholics
    • Loyalists ( loyal to the United Kingdom) also known as unionists (want to keep the union with the UK). These are mostly Protestants
    • British Army sent in to control Northern Ireland
  • 9. The situation since 1998
    • Northern Ireland:
      • “Good Friday Agreement” ends (most of) the violence
      • IRA hands in weapons 2005
      • still tension; Catholics and Protestants live in separate areas
    • Republic of Ireland
      • economic “tiger”
      • Catholic church still influential
        • no abortion (even in rape cases)
        • no divorce
        • no contraceptives