Leadership

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Leadership

  1. 2. Leadership Dr. Joe O’Mahoney
  2. 3. The Agenda <ul><li>What is Leadership? </li></ul><ul><li>Constructing Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Limits of Leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership and Morality </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is Leadership?
  4. 5. What is Leadership? <ul><li>Peter Drucker : &quot;The only definition of a leader is someone who has followers.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>John C Maxwell : &quot;leadership is influence - nothing more, nothing less.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>John W. Gardner :Leadership is the process of persuasion and example by which an individual (or leadership team) induces a group to take action that is in accord with the leader’s purpose, or the shared purposes of all.” </li></ul><ul><li>Imposing your will upon others </li></ul>
  5. 6. Popular view of Leadership <ul><li>Key people: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drucker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mintzberg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mostly studied as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A necessary thing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A good thing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Separate from management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Something that can be learned </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leaders as heroes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exceptional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loved </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. History of Leadership Theories
  7. 8. Classical Origins of the Hero <ul><li>Classical hero </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stoic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rational </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Male </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Compared to…. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Females (hysterical) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Barbarians (emotional) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Massive influence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Victorian Britain </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military heroes </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. The Leader as Hero <ul><li>Machiavelli “The Prince” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classical Heroes (stoic, unemotional, male) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renaissance Prince’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Great Man view of history </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nietzsche's Superman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Will to Power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slave / Master </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hated Christian morality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Traits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about Martin Luther, Ghandi etc… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What about the context? (Stogdill, 1948) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roots in aristocratic view of the world </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Contingency Leadership <ul><li>Fiedler, Vroom, Hersey.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No best way to manage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Depends on leader and environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Right person in the right place </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contingent traits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Myers Briggs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurial / Innovative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hierarchical / Authoritarian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Visionary / Charismatic </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But </li></ul><ul><ul><li>People Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low Predictability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on positivism: weak ontology </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>An example contingency - trait approach (from Boje) </li></ul>
  11. 12. (De)constructing Leadership
  12. 13. Constructing Leadership <ul><li>Leadership as a 20 th century phenomenon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No books on leadership before 1900 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Need to be led </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The military metaphor: 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fits with the fetish of change (Grey) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. women as leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leadership as story-telling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How I changed the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of PR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heroes to Villains (Enron) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The role of the Press </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Leadership as performance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Richard Branson </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. The Limits of Leadership <ul><li>Proving leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cause and effect? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could have done better? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Limits on leadership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shareholders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employees </li></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Morality and Leadership <ul><li>What makes a good leader? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vision </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Securing followers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieving aims </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charisma </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All leadership rests on power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usually direct </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rarely charismatic </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Questions?

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