Republic of the Philippines Region III – Central Luzon TARLAC STATE UNIVERSITY Tarlac CityEDUARDO A. PANTIG JR. MaEd - TLE 1
OBJECTIVES 2 Identify the meaning of pragmatism. Explain the implications of pragmatism to education. Enumerate the strong and weak points of pragmatism.
PRAGMATISM 3 Pragma from Greek word means ACTION truth of an idea had to be tested to prove its validity a process where theory is extracted from practice impractical ideas are to be rejected
PRAGMATIC THINKING 4 Result Action Speculative ThoughtRecognizea Problem
PROPONENTS OF PRAGMATISM 5 Founder of Pragmatism Illustrations of the Logic of Science (1878) “To determine the meaning of any idea, put it into practice, and whatever itsCharles Sanders Peirce consequences prove to (1839 – 1914) be, these constitute the meaning of the idea”
PROPONENTS OF PRAGMATISM 6 Popularized the term pragmatism. Essays in Philosophy “An idea is true if it works: it is true if it satisfies, is verifiable if it verified in experience”William James(1842 - 1910)
PROPONENTS OF PRAGMATISM 7 Democracy in Education Students need to learn practical, pragmatic daily-life skills in order to build a better society. He wanted students to learn through John Dewey experience, and to think(1859 – 1952) and reflect critically on their experience.
METHAPHYSICS OF PRAGMATISM 8 Reality is the interaction of an individual with environment or experience: It is always changing. Reality cannot be proven, even if it were, it wouldn’t help us solve problems.
METHAPHYSICS OF PRAGMATISM 9 Reality is dependent upon experience which determine knowledge. Man is both in the world of his perception.
EPISTEMOLOGY OF PRAGMATISM 10 Knowing results from experiencing use of scientific method. Reason is the chief instrument of knowledge (rationalism).
EPISTEMOLOGY OF PRAGMATISM 11 Truth is something that happens to an idea Knowing to make personal choices.
AXIOLOGY OF PRAGMATISM 12 Values are situational or relative. Ultimate values cannot exist for truth is always relative and conditional.
AXIOLOGY OF PRAGMATISM 13 Value judgment are useful as means to an intelligent life.
PRAGMATISM IN EDUCATION 14 School must aim at developing those experiences that will enable one to lead a good life. Advocate the importance of democracy.
PRAGMATISM IN EDUCATION 15 Education must help its students become excellent citizens in a democratic society. Teachers must provide experience that will excite motivation.
PRAGMATISM IN EDUCATION 16 School Curriculum must be a part of social context. Instruction organized around problem solving according to the scientific method.
PRAGMATISM IN EDUCATION 17Current Day Evidence of Pragmatism Vocational Technical Schools Uses of Scientific Method in Classrooms Role Playing Integrating Technology in lessons
STENGTHS OF PRAGMATISM 18 Offers wise counsel for day-to-day living which may help maintain mental health. Keep us close to experience and to shelter for us artificial of the cloistered and formally academic.
STENGTHS OF PRAGMATISM 19 Helps to discern the ways of experience and offers some source in the control of experience. Has a great contribution in education in giving sensitivity to the cycle of learning.
WEAKNESSES OF PRAGMATISM 20 Being practical would sometimes loose our moral values. Not satisfactorily representing the essence and existence of individual.
WEAKNESSES OF PRAGMATISM 21 The application of experimental method is arbitrary being done to every individual. Radically negative in its ontological meaning.
WEAKNESSES OF PRAGMATISM 22 Redefining religion as wisdom pointing to certain attitudes in religious devotion, which are needed for effective lying. Experimental method is applied a bit more universal and arbitrary in educational method.
I. Directions: Write T if the statement is true and F if it is false. 24_____ 1. Reality is independent upon experience which determine knowledge._____ 2. Being practical would sometimes loose our moral values._____ 3. Impractical ideas are to be accepted._____ 4. School Curriculum must be a part of social context._____ 5. Truth is something that happens to an idea.
I. Directions: Choose the correct answer. 251. His popular works are essays in philosophy.a. C.S. Pierce b. John Dewey c. William James d. George Berkeley2. The Founder of Pragmatism.a. C.S. Pierce b. John Dewey c. William James d. George Berkeley3. He wanted students to learn through experience, and to think and reflect critically on their experience.a. C.S. Pierce b. John Dewey c. William James d. George Berkeley
II. Directions: Choose the correct answer. 264. Pragma from Greek word means _______.a. idea b. frog c. action d. values5. A current day evidence of pragmatism.a. Vocational schools b. uses scientific methodc. integrating technology into lessons d. all of the above
ANSWER KEY 27Test I. Test II.1. F 1. c2. T 2. a3. F 3. b4. T 4. c5. T 5. d