What is Aesthetics? Aesthetics comes from the word “esthetics” Aesthetics is the study of beauty or philosophy of art Tries to explain how people perceive and access the meaning, importance and purpose of art
Artist Aesthetic triad Art Object Perceiver Philosophers examine the connection between people’s senses, emotions and reason.
“This is the worst music I’ve ever heard. How can you even listen to it? It’s definitely not art…” “It’s good because it makes me feel connected with my world. I respond emotionally. That’s why it’s art…” “I like it because it’s filled with images. It reminds me of what I see in the real world.” Personal Aesthetics: people’s own principles of taste and appreciation of beauty Personal Aesthetics affects the way on how people experience the world and the choices they make every day. So aestheticians do not attempt to find exact, permanent standard. They look for tendency and correlations.
Aristotle believed that art can be studied and analyzed in the same way as natural phenomena. In Poetics he identifies standards of art forms. Knowledge of art can be used for good and bad purpose so contemporary aesthetics includes questions about whether and how art and knowledge of art can be used to achieve the best possible ends.
Role of Artist is also important: according to Aristotle, the act of creating art brings out a sense of catharsis, an emotional purging that artist experience as an intuitive signal that a work is complete. Artists express themselves or their feelings in art, conveying a message in emotional and aesthetic level. Audience must be open and capable of responding aesthetically to the message. So, attitude and ability plays a big role in defining how art is perceived.
Had a strict routine Born in Konigsberg 1724 Worked as a private tutor for nobles and clergy Completed PhD in physics and metaphysics His ideas were twice rejected by chair of philosophy in university Most important works: “Critique of Pure Reason” , “Critique of Practical Reason”, “Critique of Judgement” Died of dementia IMMANUEL KANT
Aesthetic attitude: disinterest (unpartial) approach that enables someone to contemplate an object on its own terms, regardless of the use to which it may be out and the emotions it may arouse. Objectivity refers to judgements based on certain qualities or relations that are believed to be part of the object itself. Subjectivity refers to judgements based on emotions-the amount of pleasure or displeasure the perceiver feels when experiencing an object. Morality and art are often connected ·Kant linked aesthetic experience with moral goodness People can’t really understand aesthetic experience w/o moral connection Human nature has 2 sides: sensous (aesthetic) and rational (moral) Art discussions : morality refers to ability to live according to widely accepted codes of virtousbehaviour. How philosophers have said it…
Aesthetics is everywhere; aesthetic experiences differ throughout cultures, values, backgrounds. Aesthetic experience richer when subtleties of works are understood Aesthetic attitude helps people become more aware of sensory experiences and this leads to heightened perception of life and opens mind to learning.