Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture Fundamentals Name: Joel Oleson Title: Sr. Architect Company: Quest Software Twitter: @joeloleson Blog: http://www.sharepointjoel.com
Who is SharePoint Joel?http://www.sharepointjoel.com 8+ Year SharePoint Veteran 7 Years Microsoft SharePoint Team & IT The First SharePoint Admin Quest Sr. SharePoint Architect Loves to Travel 45 Countries+ Swaziland Dancer
Audience Poll SharePoint Admins? Less than 3 years in SharePoint? Belong to SharePoint &/or .NET user groups?
WSS 3.0 and SharePoint Server 2007 MOSS FIS For Internet Sites & Enterprise Intranet Web Forms, Excel Services, BDC Doc Management, Web Content Management, Search, & Portals Intranet/Extranet Standard Platform & Collaboration (blogs & wikis) Windows Internet Connector
Fundamental Principle #1 IIS Web Sites = IIS Virtual Servers = Web Applications Physical Server Web Application(s) Top Level Site(s) Site Collections Site(s)/webs Site Collection
Fundamental Principle #2 Consistency in Hierarchy WSS 3.0 Web Applications Site Collections Sites Templates & Features MOSS 2007 Web Applications Site Collections Sites Templates & Features
Fundamental Principle #3 Servers Have Services are Are Roles Servers have Roles Web Front End (WFE) Query Calculation (Excel) Index (Non SharePoint) Database Server Simplified Really Just 3 Roles WFE/Query – 99% Index (App Tier) SQL Note: Never put Query and Index on same server if there is another Query server!
Deployment InstallKey concepts 32 bit or 64bit binaries **Note: SharePoint 2010 requires 2008 64bit & 64bit SQL 2005 or 2008 Install Basic NOT RECOMMENDED except for POC Advanced – Allows you to connect to SQL WFE only vs. Full install Language Packs (Downloads on the Web) WSS MOSS Ifilter pack +
Most Common Farms WFE/ Query WFE/Query All SP Roles Index “All in One” SQL SQL SQL
Key Factors in Topology Usage # Users Solution (The answer before the question) Authentication Type (Anonymous vs. AD) Caching Offload devices Business & Tech Requirements Client & Server Performance Requirements SLAs (Uptime/High Availability Req.) WAN Considerations (Multi farm) Data GBs/TBs of data Total # Files and Items (rare)
Fundamental Principle #3 You MUST learn the difference between site and site collection despite the confusion. Site = Web = Spweb aka subweb STSADM = Web UI=site Site Collection = SpSite STSADM = Site Central Admin = Site UI= Site Collection
POP QUIZ!!!! What is the most scalable object in SharePoint? Site Collection Can I run WFE and Query on one box and WFE Query Index on another? NO! Is a default basic install good enough to get started? No! (Even be careful with proof of concept.) Is Virtualization and SharePoint ok? Yes!
WooHoo! You Pass SharePoint Fundamentals– The New World
SharePoint Server Logical Model Service Offering Permanent Central Portal Web Application Permanent Structured SharePoint Server Sites Central Portal Permanent Division Portals Web Applications or Site Collections Adhoc Team Sites Consider Charge Back To reduce support hit. Ad Hoc WSS Site Templates SharePoint Server Sites 1 per User
Plan for Software BoundariesPlan your lists and libraries Throughput differences between flat document library vs. document library with folders
Top Performance Killers Indexing/Crawling Backup (SQL & Tape) Profile Import Misc Timer Jobs – User Sync for large #s of Users STSADM Backup/Restore Large List Operations Heavy User Operation List Import/Write
Call to Action! Be sure to PLAN your logical infrastructure & Physical… Don’t forget a Governance Plan! Where do you get your information? TechNet, MSDN, SharePoint Team Blog, SharePoint User Groups http://www.sharepointpros.org, and blogs!! Twitter? http://www.sharepointjoel.com@joeloleson
Quest IT Solutions for SharePoint Quest SQL Server Solutions Maximize SQL Server performance while simplifying tasks and providing visibility and control Site Administrator for SharePoint Discover, understand and manage your SharePoint environment Quest Web Parts Enable rapid development of SharePoint applications Recovery Manager for SharePoint Granular SharePoint recovery for enterprise-level needs Migration Manager for SharePoint SharePoint 2003 to 2007 migration File Migrator for SharePoint File shares to SharePoint migration Public Folder Migrator for SharePoint Exchange Public Folders to SharePoint migration Notes Migrator for SharePoint Notes application content to SharePoint migration 34
SharePoint Exams!Get Certified on the New Exams!!! For IT Pros: 70-631 - Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Configuring 70-630 - Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Configuring For Developers: 70-541 - Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Application Development 70-542 - Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Application Development MCM and MCA!
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