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Tech Ed Africa Demystifying Backup Restore In Share Point 2007
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Tech Ed Africa Demystifying Backup Restore In Share Point 2007


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SharePoint Backup and Restore and Disaster Recovery in SharePoint Server 2007

SharePoint Backup and Restore and Disaster Recovery in SharePoint Server 2007

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  • An example of a warm standby environment utilizing a second SharePoint farm deployed in a secondary data center using SQL Server High Performance Mirroring to replicate only the content databases. During a failover, the content databases are brought online and attached to the existing farm.
  • An example of a straddle farm installed in two closely located data centers. In this example SQL High Availability Mirroring is used to replicate all SharePoint farm databases to a standby SQL server (mirror). The network conditions between the two datacenters allow high throughput and remains supportable. A load balancer solution or DNS directs clients to the active data center.
  • Transcript

    • 1.
    • 2. Demystifying Backup and Restore for SharePoint
      Joel Oleson
      Sr. Analyst
      Quest Software
      Session Code:
    • 3. Who is SharePoint Joel?
      8 year SharePoint Veteran…
      First SharePoint Admin
      Sr. Architect – SharePoint at Quest software
      Top IT SharePoint Blog
      Twitter: @joeloleson
    • 4. Agenda
      Understanding the problem
      Defining requirements
      Discuss backup & recovery solutions
      Tips & Tricks – Addressing gaps in backup/restore
      Summary and Q&A
      (Compliments to Mike Watson)
    • 5. The problem
      Why is SharePoint Protection Difficult?
    • 6. Why SharePoint Data Protection is Difficult
      • SharePoint is confusing
      • 7. Multiple servers with different roles
      • 8. Different databases
      • 9. Customizations
      • 10. Configurations
      • 11. Logical architecture doesn’t translate into physical components
    • Why SharePoint Data Protection is Difficult
      Competing goals require different solutions:
      Item level recovery
      Disaster Recovery
      High Availability
      Many solutions available. Not obvious what to use:
      SharePoint Native Backup
      SharePoint Designer
      Recycle Bin
      SQL backup
      Third-party solutions
    • 12. What in Your SharePoint Environment Needs Protection?
      Do you need to protect all of your farms, servers, services, customizations, and configurations?
    • 13. What do you need to backup
      Your Databases
      All Configuration and settings
      Your Services (Index)
      External Code and Dev assets
    • 14. SharePoint Components
    • 15. The plan
      Policy Driven Backup and Recovery
    • 16. Creating a Backup/Recovery Solution
      Difficult but not impossible!
      What needs to be protected from what scenarios?
      How likely are those scenarios?
      How much data loss can be tolerated?
      How quickly must items/environment be restored?
      Test and price potential solutions.
      Mitigate issues.
      Choose and communicate solution.
    • 17.
    • 18. Protected From What Scenarios?
    • 19. How SLA Affects Your Recovery Plan
    • 20. Recycle Bin with 2 levels of recovery
      End-user targeted with access from the site itself
      Site Administrator (at the Site Collection) accessible at the second level
      Turned on by default through Central Admin
      Configured at the Web Application Level
      The No Brainer…
    • 21. RTO/RPO – Very Important!
      How much data loss can be tolerated?
      How quickly must data/environment be restored?
      RTO/RPO affect:
      The technologies you choose
      The strategies you deploy
      The simplicity/complexity of your solution
      The location of your backups and environments
    • 22. How the "Nines" Relate to Yearly Downtime
    • 23. Backup/Recovery solutions
      Test & Price Potential Solutions
    • 24. Protecting Content
      It’s nearly all about the Content Database!
    • 25. Content Database Protection
      Simple Problem – Difficult Solution
      Endless options:
      SharePoint native backup
      SQL Native backup
      With compression?
      Simple or Full recovery model?
      Full, Differential, Incremental backups?
      Transaction log backups?
      What to store and how long?
      SQL log shipping, mirroring, replication?
      Third-Party backup and replication tools?
    • 26. Content Database Recovery
      Even more difficult!
      SQL database recovery workflow
      Confirm item
      Confirm location
      Track down database backup timeline
      Recover backups (online or offline (tape))
      Position backups (same server/farm, recovery farm)
      Confirm backups are valid
      Restore backups
      Attach backups to SharePoint
      Confirm item is available
      Retrieve item and position for end user
      Recover to original farm
      Recover to a restore farm
      Extract data from SQL.
      Bring DR database online.
    • 27. “I’m planning on using SharePoint’s Native Backup Restore, are there any considerations I should know?
      SharePoint Native Backup/Restore
      SharePoint Native Backup/Restore provides an out of the box base solution
      SharePoint’s Native Backup/Restore is only recommended for Small to Medium Sized Deployments… 
    • 28. STSADM for Operations and Scripting
      Tool for the right job…
      To create a farm backup:
      Use stsadm –o backup -directory
      To migrate a site collection:
      Use stsadm –o backup http://server/site (no directory)
      To migrate a site:
      Use stsadm –o export/import for sites
      To migrate a list:
      Access or Excel or Third party tool
      (watch creator/created date)
    • 29. Characteristics of a Small to Medium-Size Deployment (Data Perspective)
      Site Collections No Larger than 12-15 GB*
      Content Databases No Larger than 100 GB*
      Deployed in up to three tiers, on no more than five servers (one to three front-end Web servers, one application server, and one computer or cluster running Microsoft SQL Server.)*
      *Source: Whitepaper “Data protection and recovery for Office SharePoint Server in small to medium deployments”
    • 30. SharePoint 2007 Native Backup & Restore
      Out of the Box User Interface via Central Administration
      Command line access via STSADM tool
      ‘Hooks up’ SharePoint Databases and Search index on Restore
      Supports Full and Differential Backups*
      Easy to Use
      Backup/Restore at Farm or Web Application Level
      The only way native way to backup/restore the Search index
    • 31. How Native SharePoint Backup Works
      Central Admin UI or Console
      File Server
      SQL Backup/Restore
    • 32. SharePoint 2007 Native Backup/Restore
      What’s Missing???
      Does not Provide Scheduling Functionality in SharePoint (Use Windows Task Scheduler)
      Does not Backup any Configurations/Customizations to any files in the “12 Hive” or Web.config files
      Does not Backup IIS Settings/Configurations
      Does not Backup Alternate Access Mappings (AAM)
      Cannot Backup Directly to Tape (only to UNC)
    • 33. SQL-Only Backup/Restore
      “My SQL servers are managed by a separate organization or data center from my SharePoint installations…”
      “I prefer SQL Server Backups for Performance and Availability…”
      Advantages & Benefits:
      Existing SQL Server disaster recovery strategies can be re-used
      Can provider substantially faster Backup/Restore than
      MOSS 2007’s Native Backup/Restore
      Can leverage 3rd party tools such as LiteSpeed for SQL Server to improve Backup/Restore Performance
      Provides a full-fidelity data backup
    • 34. SQL-Only Backup/Restore
      Considerations & Disadvantages:
      Does not Backup any WFE Configurations or Solutions
      Requires Admin to Manually Reattach Content Databases to the Web applications After a Recovery
      Manually Backup / Restore all customizations on WFE Servers (.Net Assemblies, Features, IIS Metabase, etc. – batch file can help automate this process)
      No need to Backup Search Database (As it can’t be synchronized with Search Index)
      Recommend Backup/Restore of SSP separately via SharePoint Native Backup & Restore
    • 35. Why Backup/Restore is Not Highly Available or DR
      Simply not fast enough
      Rate of restore * content size = RTO
      100MB/sec * 5TB > 14 hours
      Complicated recovery procedure
      Prone to error
      Some important configurations will likely be lost.
    • 36. Failover SQL Mirroring 2 Farms
    • 37. Mirroring Within Farm
      < 1ms latency
      >LAN speed
    • 38. Third Party Solutions
      There are three main categories:
      Storage Solutions – Replication of content on disk to another storage set or system.
      Backup/Restore – Integrate with SQL, file system, or VSS to provide backup/restore functionality.
      Caching/Synchronization – Use a variety of methods to cache content to a remote store or replicate content across sites/farms.
    • 39. Quick Note on the Infrastructure Update
      Infrastructure update includes some major HA/DR improvements
      Overall improvement in stability/perf (better stored procs)
      Faster patching reduces downtime.
      VSS Writer enhancements improve reliability.
      Full crawls no longer necessary after DB attach:
      Content DB’s do not get assigned new GUID’s !!!!
      Change log remains intact.
    • 40. Tips and tricks
      Mitigating problems with backup/restore solutions
    • 41. Improving Performance of Native Backup
      Co locate the backup share with the largest backup components.
      Ensure the index disk has good read performance. (100MB/sec or better)
      Ensure the backup LUN has good write performance. (100MB/sec or better)
      Ensure database LUN(s) have good read performance. (150MB/sec or better)
      Ensure Gbps connectivity between remote components and backup share. (1Gbps or 100MB/sec)
      Ensure all crawls (including anchor text) are stopped/paused.
    • 42. Using A SQL Connection Alias with SharePoint
      1. SharePoint configured to use SQL1 as default SQL server
      2. Connection Alias defined: SQL1 = SQL1
      3. Upon failover. Connection Alias updated: SQL1 = SQL2
    • 43. Prevent Database Restores
      Use granular protection solutions instead.
      Recycle bin
      List item versioning
      Publishing (page versioning)
      Quick Recovery Tool (like Quest)
      Gaps exist.
      No site or web recycle bin. Use the MSIT Site Delete capture tool
      No centralized control over item and page versioning
    • 44. Use Solutions!
      Roll up customizations as solution packages
      Roll up as many customizations into a single package as possible.
      Solutions provide automatic deployment, simplified management, upgrade, and HA/DR efficiencies.
      Store solutions offsite (and on standby farm) with installation instructions.
      Build roll up packages on a regular basis.
    • 45. DEMO: Quest Recovery Manager
      Provides granular and scalable recovery of anything in the backup of your SharePoint 2003 and 2007 content database
    • 46. SharePoint 2010 sneak Peak Video Demo – Backup/Recovery
    • 47. Sneak Peak Video: SharePointFilter out noise 
    • 48. SharePoint 2010 sneak Peak
      Sneak Peak Videos:
    • 49. Summary
      SharePoint Backup/Recovery is tricky, but not impossible.
      Traditional backup/restore is not HA or DR.
      Different requirements sometimes require different solutions.
      Most solutions have issues. Look around for innovative fixes.
      No one solutions meets all needs. Combine solutions when necessary.
    • 50.
      Aggregation of Quest SharePoint Team Feeds
      Unique IT Content
      Disaster Recovery/Backup
      • Product Update Drilldown and Webcast Announcements
      Beta access to new SharePoint tools and products!
      Reorg Wizard
      AND MORE!!!
      Quest SharePoint tools discussion forums
    • 51. Watch Out for Killer Bunnies
    • 52. Quest Solutions for SharePoint
      Site Administrator for SharePoint Discover, understand and manage your SharePoint environment
      Quest SQL Server Solutions
      Maximize SQL Server performance while simplifying tasks and providing visibility and control
      Quest Web Parts
      Enable rapid development of SharePoint applications
      Recovery Manager for SharePoint
      Granular SharePoint recovery for enterprise-level needs
      Migration Manager for SharePoint
      SharePoint 2003 to 2007 migration
      File Migrator for SharePoint
      File shares to SharePoint migration
      Public Folder Migrator for SharePoint
      Exchange Public Folders to SharePoint migration
      Notes Migrator for SharePoint
      Notes application content to SharePoint migration
    • 53. Required Slide
      10 pairs of MP3 sunglasses to be won
      Complete a session evaluation and enter to win!
    • 54. Thank You!
    • 55. Required Slide
      © 2009 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Windows Vista and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries.
      The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.
    • 56. Required Slide
      TechEd 2009 is not producing
      a DVD. Please announce that
      attendees can access session
      recordings from Tech-Ed website. These will only be available after the event.
      Tech·Ed Africa 2009 sessions will be made available for download the week after the event from:
      International Content & Community
      Microsoft Certification & Training Resources
      Resources for IT Professionals
      Resources for Developers