Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture
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Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture

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Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture

Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture

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Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture Presentation Transcript

  • Best Practices: SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture Fundamentals
    Name: Joel Oleson
    Title: Sr. Architect
    Company: Quest Software
  • Who is SharePoint Joel?
    8 year SharePoint Veteran…
    First SharePoint Admin!
    Sr. Technical Product Manager - SharePoint team Launch of SharePoint Server 2007
    Top IT SharePoint Blog
    Blog: http://www.sharepointjoel.com
    Twitter: @joeloleson
  • Audience Poll
    SharePoint Admins?
    Less than 3 years in SharePoint?
    Belong to SharePoint &/or .NET user groups?
  • Agenda…
    SharePoint Best Practices: Architecture Fundamentals
    Core Logical Architecture
    Physical Architecture
    Designing Information Architecture
    Avoid Common Mistakes
  • WSS 3.0 and SharePoint Server 2007
    MOSS FIS
    For Internet Sites
    & Enterprise Intranet
    Web Forms, Excel Services, BDC
    Doc Management, Web Content Management,
    Search, & Portals
    Intranet/Extranet
    Standard
    Platform & Collaboration
    (blogs & wikis)
    Windows Internet Connector
  • Fundamental Principle #1
    IIS Web Sites = IIS Virtual Servers = Web Applications
    Physical Server
    Web Application(s)
    Top Level Site(s)
    Site Collections
    Site(s)
    Site Collection
  • Fundamental Principle #2
    Consistency in Hierarchy
    WSS 3.0
    Web Applications
    Site Collections
    Sites
    Templates & Features
    MOSS 2007
    Web Applications
    Site Collections
    Sites
    Templates & Features
  • Fundamental Principle #2
    Servers Have Services are Are Roles
    Servers have Roles
    Web Front End (WFE)
    Query
    Calculation (Excel)
    Index
    (Non SharePoint) Database Server
    Simplified Really Just 3 Roles
    WFE/Query – 99%
    Index (App Tier)
    SQL
    Note: Never put Query and Index on same server if there is another Query server!
  • Deployment InstallKey concepts
    32 bit or 64bit binaries
    **Note: SharePoint 2010 requires 2008 64bit & 64bit SQL 2005 or 2008
    Install
    Basic NOT RECOMMENDED except for POC
    Advanced – Allows you to connect to SQL
    WFE only vs. Full install
    Language Packs (Downloads on the Web)
    WSS
    MOSS
    Ifilter packs
  • Most Common Farms
    WFE/Query
    WFE/Query
    All SP Roles
    Index
    “All in One”
    SQL
    SQL
    SQL
  • 5 Server Farm (Medium)
    10 Server Farm (Large)
    User requests
    Web front ends
    + application(s)
    Application(s)
    Index
    Query
    Query
    Calc +
    Clustered SQL server
    3 Server Farm (Small)
    User requests
    Each load-balanced server
    includes:
    • Web front end
    • Applications
    User requests
    Dedicated SQL server
    Load balances web
    front end servers
    Single Server
    Application
    servers
    User Requests
    One Server which contains:
    • Web front end
    • Application
    • Database
    2 Clustered SQL server
    Picking Your Topology
    Performance
    Availability
  • Key Factors in Topology
    Usage
    # Users
    Solution (The answer before the question)
    Authentication Type (Anonymous vs. AD)
    Caching Offload devices
    Business & Tech Requirements
    Client & Server Performance Requirements
    SLAs (Uptime/High Availability Req.)
    WAN Considerations (Multi farm)
    Data
    GBs/TBs of data
    Total # Files and Items (rare)
  • SharePoint in common…
    LOLCATS.COM
  • Fundamental Principle #3
    You MUST learn the difference between site and site collection despite the confusion.
    Site = Web = Spweb aka subweb
    STSADM = Web
    UI=site
    Site Collection = SpSite
    STSADM = Site
    Central Admin = Site
    UI= Site Collection
  • Defaults have Faults
  • POP QUIZ!!!!
    What is the most scalable object in SharePoint?
    Site Collection
    Can I run WFE and Query on one box and WFE Query Index on another?
    NO!
    Is a default basic install good enough to get started?
    No!
    Is Virtualization and SharePoint ok?
    Yes!
  • WooHoo! You Pass SharePoint Fundamentals– The New World
  • Containment Hierarchy
  • Joel's Cheat Sheet for Hosting
  • Endusersharepoint.com
  •  
    SharePoint Server Logical Model
    Service
    Offering
    Permanent Central Portal
    Web Application
    Permanent
    Structured
    SharePoint Server Sites
    Central
    Portal
    Permanent Division Portals
    Web Applications
    or Site Collections
    Semi Structured
    Consolidation on 1 to 3
    Web Applications
    Ad Hoc
    WSS Site
    Templates
    SharePoint
    Server
    Sites
    1 Web App per
    Region
  • Planning for *REAL* Capacity Boundaries
  • Plan for Software BoundariesPlan your lists and libraries
    Throughput differences between flat document library vs. document library with folders
  • Understanding the SharePoint Databases
  • Top Performance Killers
    Indexing/Crawling
    Backup (SQL & Tape)
    Profile Import
    Misc Timer Jobs – User Sync for large #s of Users
    STSADM Backup/Restore
    Large List Operations
    Heavy User Operation List Import/Write
  • Disk I/O Demand
    Most Demand
    Medium Demand
    Low Demand
    *Content..
    Search
    Config
    Temp
    Model
    +SSP
    Master
    Tlogs
    * Except during backup and Indexing + Except during Profile Import
  • #8 SharePoint Common Mistakes
  • Operations and IT Failures
  • Developer Failures
  • Project Management Failures
  • Business Deployment Failures
  • Call to Action!
    Be sure to PLAN your logical infrastructure & Physical… Don’t forget a Governance Plan!
    Where do you get your information? TechNet, MSDN, SharePoint Team Blog, SharePoint User Groups http://www.sharepointpros.org, and blogs!! Twitter?
    http://www.sharepointjoel.com@joeloleson
  • Quest IT Solutions for SharePoint
    Site Administrator for SharePoint Discover, understand and manage your SharePoint environment
    Quest SQL Server Solutions
    Maximize SQL Server performance while simplifying tasks and providing visibility and control
    Quest Web Parts
    Enable rapid development of SharePoint applications
    Recovery Manager for SharePoint
    Granular SharePoint recovery for enterprise-level needs
    Migration Manager for SharePoint
    SharePoint 2003 to 2007 migration
    File Migrator for SharePoint
    File shares to SharePoint migration
    Public Folder Migrator for SharePoint
    Exchange Public Folders to SharePoint migration
    Notes Migrator for SharePoint
    Notes application content to SharePoint migration
    33
  • SharePoint Exams!Get Certified on the New Exams!!!
    For IT Pros:
    70-631 - Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Configuring
    70-630 - Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Configuring
    For Developers:
    70-541 - Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Application Development
    70-542 - Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Application Development
    MCM and MCA!
  • Q&A
    Questions?