Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture
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Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture

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Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture

Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture

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    Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture Best Practices to SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture Presentation Transcript

    • Best Practices: SharePoint Physical and Information Architecture Fundamentals
      Name: Joel Oleson
      Title: Sr. Architect
      Company: Quest Software
    • Who is SharePoint Joel?
      8 year SharePoint Veteran…
      First SharePoint Admin!
      Sr. Technical Product Manager - SharePoint team Launch of SharePoint Server 2007
      Top IT SharePoint Blog
      Blog: http://www.sharepointjoel.com
      Twitter: @joeloleson
    • Audience Poll
      SharePoint Admins?
      Less than 3 years in SharePoint?
      Belong to SharePoint &/or .NET user groups?
    • Agenda…
      SharePoint Best Practices: Architecture Fundamentals
      Core Logical Architecture
      Physical Architecture
      Designing Information Architecture
      Avoid Common Mistakes
    • WSS 3.0 and SharePoint Server 2007
      MOSS FIS
      For Internet Sites
      & Enterprise Intranet
      Web Forms, Excel Services, BDC
      Doc Management, Web Content Management,
      Search, & Portals
      Intranet/Extranet
      Standard
      Platform & Collaboration
      (blogs & wikis)
      Windows Internet Connector
    • Fundamental Principle #1
      IIS Web Sites = IIS Virtual Servers = Web Applications
      Physical Server
      Web Application(s)
      Top Level Site(s)
      Site Collections
      Site(s)
      Site Collection
    • Fundamental Principle #2
      Consistency in Hierarchy
      WSS 3.0
      Web Applications
      Site Collections
      Sites
      Templates & Features
      MOSS 2007
      Web Applications
      Site Collections
      Sites
      Templates & Features
    • Fundamental Principle #2
      Servers Have Services are Are Roles
      Servers have Roles
      Web Front End (WFE)
      Query
      Calculation (Excel)
      Index
      (Non SharePoint) Database Server
      Simplified Really Just 3 Roles
      WFE/Query – 99%
      Index (App Tier)
      SQL
      Note: Never put Query and Index on same server if there is another Query server!
    • Deployment InstallKey concepts
      32 bit or 64bit binaries
      **Note: SharePoint 2010 requires 2008 64bit & 64bit SQL 2005 or 2008
      Install
      Basic NOT RECOMMENDED except for POC
      Advanced – Allows you to connect to SQL
      WFE only vs. Full install
      Language Packs (Downloads on the Web)
      WSS
      MOSS
      Ifilter packs
    • Most Common Farms
      WFE/Query
      WFE/Query
      All SP Roles
      Index
      “All in One”
      SQL
      SQL
      SQL
    • 5 Server Farm (Medium)
      10 Server Farm (Large)
      User requests
      Web front ends
      + application(s)
      Application(s)
      Index
      Query
      Query
      Calc +
      Clustered SQL server
      3 Server Farm (Small)
      User requests
      Each load-balanced server
      includes:
      • Web front end
      • Applications
      User requests
      Dedicated SQL server
      Load balances web
      front end servers
      Single Server
      Application
      servers
      User Requests
      One Server which contains:
      • Web front end
      • Application
      • Database
      2 Clustered SQL server
      Picking Your Topology
      Performance
      Availability
    • Key Factors in Topology
      Usage
      # Users
      Solution (The answer before the question)
      Authentication Type (Anonymous vs. AD)
      Caching Offload devices
      Business & Tech Requirements
      Client & Server Performance Requirements
      SLAs (Uptime/High Availability Req.)
      WAN Considerations (Multi farm)
      Data
      GBs/TBs of data
      Total # Files and Items (rare)
    • SharePoint in common…
      LOLCATS.COM
    • Fundamental Principle #3
      You MUST learn the difference between site and site collection despite the confusion.
      Site = Web = Spweb aka subweb
      STSADM = Web
      UI=site
      Site Collection = SpSite
      STSADM = Site
      Central Admin = Site
      UI= Site Collection
    • Defaults have Faults
    • POP QUIZ!!!!
      What is the most scalable object in SharePoint?
      Site Collection
      Can I run WFE and Query on one box and WFE Query Index on another?
      NO!
      Is a default basic install good enough to get started?
      No!
      Is Virtualization and SharePoint ok?
      Yes!
    • WooHoo! You Pass SharePoint Fundamentals– The New World
    • Containment Hierarchy
    • Joel's Cheat Sheet for Hosting
    • Endusersharepoint.com
    •  
      SharePoint Server Logical Model
      Service
      Offering
      Permanent Central Portal
      Web Application
      Permanent
      Structured
      SharePoint Server Sites
      Central
      Portal
      Permanent Division Portals
      Web Applications
      or Site Collections
      Semi Structured
      Consolidation on 1 to 3
      Web Applications
      Ad Hoc
      WSS Site
      Templates
      SharePoint
      Server
      Sites
      1 Web App per
      Region
    • Planning for *REAL* Capacity Boundaries
    • Plan for Software BoundariesPlan your lists and libraries
      Throughput differences between flat document library vs. document library with folders
    • Understanding the SharePoint Databases
    • Top Performance Killers
      Indexing/Crawling
      Backup (SQL & Tape)
      Profile Import
      Misc Timer Jobs – User Sync for large #s of Users
      STSADM Backup/Restore
      Large List Operations
      Heavy User Operation List Import/Write
    • Disk I/O Demand
      Most Demand
      Medium Demand
      Low Demand
      *Content..
      Search
      Config
      Temp
      Model
      +SSP
      Master
      Tlogs
      * Except during backup and Indexing + Except during Profile Import
    • #8 SharePoint Common Mistakes
    • Operations and IT Failures
    • Developer Failures
    • Project Management Failures
    • Business Deployment Failures
    • Call to Action!
      Be sure to PLAN your logical infrastructure & Physical… Don’t forget a Governance Plan!
      Where do you get your information? TechNet, MSDN, SharePoint Team Blog, SharePoint User Groups http://www.sharepointpros.org, and blogs!! Twitter?
      http://www.sharepointjoel.com@joeloleson
    • Quest IT Solutions for SharePoint
      Site Administrator for SharePoint Discover, understand and manage your SharePoint environment
      Quest SQL Server Solutions
      Maximize SQL Server performance while simplifying tasks and providing visibility and control
      Quest Web Parts
      Enable rapid development of SharePoint applications
      Recovery Manager for SharePoint
      Granular SharePoint recovery for enterprise-level needs
      Migration Manager for SharePoint
      SharePoint 2003 to 2007 migration
      File Migrator for SharePoint
      File shares to SharePoint migration
      Public Folder Migrator for SharePoint
      Exchange Public Folders to SharePoint migration
      Notes Migrator for SharePoint
      Notes application content to SharePoint migration
      33
    • SharePoint Exams!Get Certified on the New Exams!!!
      For IT Pros:
      70-631 - Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Configuring
      70-630 - Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Configuring
      For Developers:
      70-541 - Microsoft Windows SharePoint Services 3.0 - Application Development
      70-542 - Microsoft Office SharePoint Server 2007 - Application Development
      MCM and MCA!
    • Q&A
      Questions?