Atty. Ada Abad Keynote @CODEB IV-A Conference, Tagaytay City

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ASEAN 2015: Philippine Education's Boon or Bane? …

ASEAN 2015: Philippine Education's Boon or Bane?

Keynote @CODEB IV-A Conference, Quality Business Education Towards ASEAN Integration, Tagaytay City, February 27, 2014
Atty. Ana Maria D. (Ada) Abad

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  • 1. ATTY. ADA D. ABAD 10th CODEB IV-A Annual Conference “Quality Business Education Towards ASEAN Integration” 27 February 2014, 2:00 – 2:45 p.m. Hotel Dominique, Tagaytay City ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 1
  • 2. DepEd’s K-12 SHIFT CHED’s OTBQA ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 2
  • 3. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 3
  • 4. • 50% ENROLLMENT DECLINE FROM 2017-2020 • FACULTY WITHOUT LOADS FOR TWO YEARS • FACULTY MOVEMENTS FROM COLLEGE TO SHS • HOW MUCH COMPENSATION ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 4
  • 5. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 5
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  • 7. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 7
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  • 9. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 9
  • 10. What is ASEAN and ASEAN 2015? ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 10
  • 11. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 11
  • 12. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 12
  • 13. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 13
  • 14. BIRTH OF ASEAN IN AUGUST 1967 AT BANG SAEN, THAILAND (BANGKOK DECLARATION) ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 14
  • 15. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 15
  • 16. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 16
  • 17. "The fragmented economies of Southeast Asia, (with) each country pursuing its own limited objectives and dissipating its meager resources in the overlapping or even conflicting endeavors of sister states carry the seeds of weakness in their incapacity for growth and their selfperpetuating dependence on the advanced, industrial nations. ASEAN, therefore, could marshal the still untapped potentials of this rich region through more substantial united action.“ - Phil. Foreign Secretary Narciso Ramos ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 17
  • 18. When ASEAN turned 30 years old in 1997, the ASEAN leaders adopted the ASEAN Vision 2020, and largely agreed to create a deeper partnership amongst member nations. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 18
  • 19. By 2003, the idea of an ASEAN Community (probably pattered after the European Union model) was established. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 19
  • 20. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 20
  • 21. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 21
  • 22. to transform ASEAN into a region with free movement of goods, services, investment, skilled labor and freer flow of capital. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 22
  • 23. OBJECTIVES I. SINGLE MARKET AND PRODUCTION BASE FREE FLOW OF GOODS FREE FLOW OF SERVICES FREE FLOW OF INVESTMENTS FREER FLOW OF CAPITAL FREE FLOW OF SKILLED LABOR ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 23
  • 24. The areas of cooperation in the economic aspect include human resources development and capacity building; recognition of professional qualifications; closer consultation on macroeconomic and financial policies; trade financing measures; enhanced infrastructure and communications connectivity; development of electronic transactions through e-ASEAN; integrating industries across the region to promote regional sourcing; and enhancing private sector involvement for the building of the AEC. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 24
  • 25. As of January 2007 – the Philippine Government had already committed to the vision of the ASEAN COMMUNITY as a SINGLE MARKET AND PRODUCTION BASE ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 25
  • 26. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 26
  • 27. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 27
  • 28. Cebu International Convention Center ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 28
  • 29. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 29
  • 30. Our collective antennae been have trained to latch on to political and/or socio-cultural developments in the United States, and dismiss the news relating to our Asian neighbors as mere trivia. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 30
  • 31. Thus, it had led Dr. Natalia Morales, the vicepresident of the Philippine Council for Foreign Relations, to lament: “There is no regular ASEAN habit of mind in our shores. One has to seek special website editions to know what's happening and what the official support the ASEAN program requires and deserves from us. The recent postcard-sending campaign of the Departments of Education and Foreign Affairs, in cooperation with ASEAN embassies, partly addressed this lack of ASEAN awareness among Filipino youth.” Dr. Natalia Morales, “Shaping our ASEAN mindset”, Inquirer article, 30 July 2007. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 http://www.inquirer.net/specialreports/12thASEANSummit/view.php?db=1&article=20070730-79407 31
  • 32. NOW THAT THE DECEMBER 2015 ASEAN INTEGRATION DEADLINE IS NEARLY UPON US, HOW DO WE ADDRESS IT FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF EDUCATION? ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 32
  • 33. From the human capital perspective, a successful ASEAN integration will require education systems of the region to provide individuals with requisite skills for a changing labour market. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 33
  • 34. It has been said that the Philippines is cramming toward ASEAN 2015. Jee Geronimo, “PH Basic Education: Cramming toward ASEAN 2015”. Rappler, 03 December 2013. http://www.rappler.com/move-ph/issues/education/45117-asean2015-philippine-basic-education ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 34
  • 35. “When it comes to the impending ASEAN 2015 economic integration in 2015, the Philippines is cramming things it should have done a decade ago because bureaucracy got in the way then. xxx.” Ibid., Jee Geronimo’s Rappler article. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 35
  • 36. At this point, I will initially examine this scenario from the perspective of a college graduate by December 2015, when ASEAN integration is scheduled to commence. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 36
  • 37. OPEN LABOR MARKET allowing the free flow of services (including education services) and skilled labor amongst all membercountries. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 37
  • 38. Under this scenario, corporations operating within the ASEAN region may now transfer its manpower component across regional borders freely and without much restrictions. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 38
  • 39. Our Filipino college graduate by December 2015 should be able to compete in the global market against the labor complement of the other ASEAN member-states. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 39
  • 40. However, to be able to compete, our Filipino college graduate should already be equipped with “21st century skills and other compentencies responsive to labor maket needs, both local and international, as well as to the requirements of national development.” Commission on Higher Education Strategic Plan for 2011-2016, Item 6 on Major Targets, sub-item 6.1 on Rationalization of Higher Education Institutions and Programs ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 40
  • 41. Even with our K-12 shift, there will not be a level playing field for Filipino workers in the global arena by December 2015. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 41
  • 42. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 42
  • 43. Note that by the time ASEAN integration hits us on December 2015, our college graduates at that time would have graduated only from the old 10-year basic education curriculum. 1ST YEAR 2ND YEAR 3RD YEAR 4TH YEAR 2016-2017 NO 1ST YEAR OKAY OKAY OKAY 2017-2018 NO 1ST YEAR NO 2ND YEAR OKAY OKAY 2018-2019 OKAY NO 2ND YEAR NO 3RD YEAR OKAY 2019-2020 OKAY OKAY NO 3rd YEAR NO 4TH YEAR 2020-2021 OKAY OKAY OKAY NO 4TH YEAR 2021-2022 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2022-2023 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2023-2024 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2024-2025 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 43
  • 44. Having started the K-12 shift only last year, the first graduates of our new educational reforms with a 12year basic educational program will graduate only in 2021. 1ST YEAR 2ND YEAR 3RD YEAR 4TH YEAR 2016-2017 NO 1ST YEAR OKAY OKAY OKAY 2017-2018 NO 1ST YEAR NO 2ND YEAR OKAY OKAY 2018-2019 OKAY NO 2ND YEAR NO 3RD YEAR OKAY 2019-2020 OKAY OKAY NO 3rd YEAR NO 4TH YEAR 2020-2021 OKAY OKAY OKAY NO 4TH YEAR 2021-2022 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2022-2023 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2023-2024 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2024-2025 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 44
  • 45. At this point, there will be a gap of SIX (6) YEARS from 2015 all the way until 2021 when our Filipino workforce will be considered “sub-standard and not globally competent”. 1ST YEAR 2ND YEAR 3RD YEAR 4TH YEAR 2016-2017 NO 1ST YEAR OKAY OKAY OKAY 2017-2018 NO 1ST YEAR NO 2ND YEAR OKAY OKAY 2018-2019 OKAY NO 2ND YEAR NO 3RD YEAR OKAY 2019-2020 OKAY OKAY NO 3rd YEAR NO 4TH YEAR 2020-2021 OKAY OKAY OKAY NO 4TH YEAR 2021-2022 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2022-2023 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2023-2024 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY 2024-2025 OKAY OKAY OKAY OKAY ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 45
  • 46. SEEING THIS PROBLEM, WHAT CAN WE DO? ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 46
  • 47. Suggestion 1: Fast-track curriculum revision or offer short-term certificate courses, so that graduates of AY 2014-2015 may be globally competitive. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 47
  • 48. We may integrate courses on comparative study of the different ASEAN member-states on the following: • Legal systems • Introduction to the culture and history • International Business Transactions (including obligations and contracts, as well as cross-border contract negotiations) • Labor and immigration laws ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 48
  • 49. Expanding it further, we can even dovetail our efforts at curbing the negative impact of the K-12 shift. College professors without subject loads for two years, will teach the short term certificate courses or bridging programs for global competitiveness for a much larger market --- the graduates from the old 10-year basic education curriculum. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 49
  • 50. As it is, there is already a danger of losing corporate middle management positions to foreigners. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 50
  • 51. Suggestion 2: Adherence to a common ASEAN qualifications framework ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 51
  • 52. My niece and goddaughter Peejay is a graduate of the UP College of Education. She has a double degree in European Languages and Special Education. She had also taken several units for her masteral degree in Education ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 52
  • 53. She went to Singapore and applied for a teaching job, and submitted her transcript of records. The Singaporean school asked her to go back to the Philippines to get a more complete description of her subjects and course. While I can honestly attest to the capabilities of my niece, the fact remains that it was difficult for her to be hired and prove her worth solely on the basis of her UP transcript. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 53
  • 54. As it turned out, the Singaporean school could not figure out the competencies of my niece, because the transcript and course descriptions given by the UP Registrar’s office merely provided a one or two sentence description of the contents of the course. The Singaporean employer school wanted to know what my niece could already do after she shall have completed and passed the subject. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 54
  • 55. Inasmuch as it was not possible to change her transcript and course descriptions, she had to return to the Philippines twice to look for her former professors, get a copy of their respective course syllabus and request for a longer descriptive narrative of the envisioned objectives of the course. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 55
  • 56. Suggestion 3: Ensure safeguards to avoid the unnecessary flooding of foreign labor into the local market, and the easing out of our Filipino workers ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 56
  • 57. The Asian Development Bank noted that greater integration in Asia (and ASEAN) will bring benefits by reducing inequalities between the countries, but also potentially huge risks, as when income inequalities within countries increase. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 57
  • 58. ADB theorizes that allowing workers to move across borders more freely would also help reduce income disparities, ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 58
  • 59. for which reason countries should improve its policy, regulatory and institutional frameworks (e.g., complicated trade procedures, cumbersome customs clearance) to boost intra-regional activity. Asian Development Bank article “Asia Must Work Together to Manage Risks, Reap Benefits of Integration.” 19 July 2012. http://www.adb.org/news/asia-must-worktogether-manage-risks-reap-benefits-integration ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 59
  • 60. Are we educating our students to fill in the demands of the labor market abroad as envisioned under the ASEAN 2015 integration? Is this going to be our goal as educators? Are we not sustaining the brain drain? How do we change the paradigm and make them stay? ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 60
  • 61. Phl opens hard-to-fill jobs to foreign workers Posted on Monday Jan 13th 2014 at 5:00am http://m.philstar.com/314191/show/ae7 e29c0c79329028c935caf413f2339/ ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 61
  • 62. Included in the occupational shortage list allegedly derived from a series of survey and consultation with concerned stakeholders are the following: • • • • • • • architect, chemical engineer, chemist, environmental planner, fisheries technologist, geologist, guidance counselor, ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 62
  • 63.         licensed librarian, medical technologist, sanitary engineer, computer numerical control machinist, assembly technician, test technician, pilot and aircraft mechanic. Mayen Jamaylin, Phl opens up hard-to-fill jobs to foreign workers. Philippine Star, 13 January 2014. http://m.philstar.co.314191/show/ae7e29c0c79329028c935caf413f2339/ ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 63
  • 64. DLSU Librarian and PRC Outstanding Professional Fe Angela Verzosa raised alarm bells and said that “the reason why there is a shortage of librarians is because we require our librarians to be licensed. But allowing the entry of foreign librarians will not do justice to the many librarians available for the positions but sadly lacking the required license.” ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 64
  • 65. It would be very unjust if foreigners who are not required by their own country to pass a licensure examination may be hired as librarians but preventing our own citizens to secure said jobs precisely because they failed the exam. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 65
  • 66. “The transition to globalization is best achieved after local safeguards are put in place to protect the interests of our Filipino citizens.” ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 66
  • 67. Certainly, we cannot --and should not – be eased out of our own labor market! ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 67
  • 68. Indeed, there are constitutional provisions which ought to protect and prioritize our Filipino citizens for local employment opportunities. Thus: ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 68
  • 69. 1987 CONSTITUTION Article VII – NATIONAL ECONOMY AND PATRIMONY Section 12. The State shall promote the preferential use of Filipino labor, domestic materials and locally produced goods, and adopt measures that help make them competitive. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 69
  • 70. Section 13. The State shall . pursue a trade policy that serves the general welfare and utilizes all forms and arrangements of exchange on the basis of equality and reciprocity ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 70
  • 71. Section 14. The sustained development of a reservoir of national talents consisting of Filipino scientists, entrepreneurs, professionals, managers, high-level technical manpower and skilled workers and craftsmen in all fields shall be promoted by the State. The State shall encourage appropriate technology and regulate its transfer for the national benefit. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 71
  • 72. The practice of all professions in the Philippines shall be limited to Filipino citizens, save in cases prescribed by law. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 72
  • 73. LABOR CODE ON EMPLOYMENT OF NON-RESIDENT ALIENS Article 40. Employment permit for nonresident aliens. -- Any alien seeking admission to the Philippines for employment purposes and any domestic or foreign employer who desires to engage an alien for employment in the Philippines shall obtain an employment permit from the Department of Labor and Employment. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 73
  • 74. The employment permit may be issued to a non-resident alien or to the applicant employer after a determination of the nonavailability of a person in the Philippines who is competent, able and willing at the time of application to perform the services for which the alien is desired. For an enterprise registered in preferred areas of investment, said employment permit may be issued upon recommendation of the government agency charged with the supervision of said registered enterprise. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 74
  • 75. DOLE DEPARTMENT ORDER NO. 97-2009 REVISED RULES FOR THE ISSUANCE OF EMPLOYMENT PERMITS TO FOREIGN NATIONALS Coverage: all foreign nationals who intend to engage in gainful employment in the Philippines shall apply for Alien Employment Permit (AEP). Exceptions: a) Members of the diplomatic services and foreign government officials accredited by the Philippine government; b) Officers and staff of international organizations of which the Philippine government is a cooperating member, and their legitimate spouses desiring to work in the Philippines; ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 75
  • 76. c) Foreign nationals elected as members of the Governing Board who do not occupy any other position, but have only voting rights in the corporation; c) All foreign nationals granted exemption by special laws and all other laws that may be promulgated by the Congress; ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 76
  • 77. e) Owners and representatives of foreign principals, whose companies are accredited by the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA), who come to the Philippines for a limited period solely for the purpose of interviewing Filipino applicants for employment abroad; ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 77
  • 78. f) Foreign nationals who come to the Philippines to teach, present and/or conduct research studies in universities and colleges as visiting, exchange or adjunct professors under formal agreements between the universities or colleges in the Philippines and foreign universities or colleges; or between the Philippine government and foreign government; provided that the exemption is on a reciprocal basis; and ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 78
  • 79. g) Resident foreign nationals and temporary or probationary resident visa holders employed or seeking employment in the Philippines. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 79
  • 80. While the existing legal framework protects our Filipino workers, it is unfortunately that “a simple administrative concession of creating an occupational shortage list unduly undermines all these constitutional and statutory guarantees.” - Fe Angela Verzosa ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 80
  • 81. The Philippine roadmap toward Asean 2015 integration envisions the attainment of inclusive growth and sustainable national development driven by the formation of high-level technically competent and knowledgeable human resource under a liberalized trade economy. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 81
  • 82. It is a pragmatic approach to the realities of the 21st century, where people are now more closely connected by modern technological advances in communication and transportation, thereby virtually dissolving previous barriers of time and space. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 82
  • 83. The benefits of the ASEAN 2015 integration and homogeneity in reference to the global platform are obvious; the goals of reducing inequalities and income disparities between member-countries are noble indeed. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 83
  • 84. The above notwithstanding, it is believed that these mechanisms can only be shortterm solutions. Our dream of achieving the status of a tiger economy will never be attained, and we shall remain impoverished as a people, unless we firmly address the deep-rooted causes for our economic malaise – the issues of graft and corruption, failure to level the playing field, lack of a comprehensive political and economic vision, resulting from leadership arising from patronage politics. ADA CODEB LECTURE 022814 84
  • 85. PACU CEBU HR MGMT SEMINAR ON K-12 013114 85
  • 86. FOR FURTHER QUESTIONS: PLEASE EMAIL OR CALL- Ada D. Abad Cell: 0917-526-9732 ada.abad@gmail.com Ofc: +632-844-0583/ +632-843-8621 PACU CEBU HR MGMT SEMINAR ON K-12 013114 86